Job 31:40
New International Version
then let briers come up instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley.” The words of Job are ended.

New Living Translation
then let thistles grow on that land instead of wheat, and weeds instead of barley.” Job’s words are ended.

English Standard Version
let thorns grow instead of wheat, and foul weeds instead of barley.” The words of Job are ended.

Berean Study Bible
then let briers grow instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley.” Thus conclude the words of Job.

King James Bible
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

New King James Version
Then let thistles grow instead of wheat, And weeds instead of barley.” The words of Job are ended.

New American Standard Bible
May the thorn-bush grow instead of wheat, And stinkweed instead of barley.” The words of Job are ended.

NASB 1995
Let briars grow instead of wheat, And stinkweed instead of barley.” The words of Job are ended.

NASB 1977
Let briars grow instead of wheat, And stinkweed instead of barley.”The words of Job are ended.

Amplified Bible
Let thorns grow instead of wheat, And stinkweed and cockleburs instead of barley.” So the words of Job [with his friends] are finished.

Christian Standard Bible
then let thorns grow instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley. The words of Job are concluded.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
then let thorns grow instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley. The words of Job are concluded.

American Standard Version
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, And cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Instead of wheat will come forth a dung heap, and instead of barley will come forth thorns.” And the statements of Job are finished

Brenton Septuagint Translation
then let the nettle come up to me instead of wheat, and a bramble instead of barley. And Job ceased speaking.

Contemporary English Version
If I had, I would pray for weeds instead of wheat to grow in my fields. After saying these things, Job was silent.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let thistles grow up to me instead of wheat, and thorns instead of barley.

English Revised Version
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Good News Translation
then instead of wheat and barley, may weeds and thistles grow. The words of Job are ended.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[then] let it grow thistles instead of wheat, and foul-smelling weeds instead of barley." This is the end of Job's words.

International Standard Version
may thorns spring up instead of wheat, and obnoxious weeds instead of barley." With this, Job's discourse with his friends is completed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Let thistles grow instead of wheat, And noisome weeds instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Literal Standard Version
Instead of wheat let a thorn go forth, And instead of barley a useless weed!” The words of Job are finished.

NET Bible
then let thorns sprout up in place of wheat, and in place of barley, weeds!" The words of Job are ended.

New Heart English Bible
let briars grow instead of wheat, and stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.

World English Bible
let briars grow instead of wheat, and stinkweed instead of barley." The words of Job are ended.

Young's Literal Translation
Instead of wheat let a thorn go forth, And instead of barley a useless weed! The words of Job are finished.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Job's Final Appeal
39if I have devoured its produce without payment or broken the spirit of its tenants, 40then let briers grow instead of wheat and stinkweed instead of barley.” Thus conclude the words of Job.

Cross References
Job 32:13
So do not claim, 'We have found wisdom; let God, not man, refute him.'

Isaiah 5:6
I will make it a wasteland, neither pruned nor cultivated, and thorns and briers will grow up. I will command the clouds that rain shall not fall on it."

Jeremiah 51:64
Then you are to say, 'In the same way Babylon will sink and never rise again, because of the disaster I will bring upon her. And her people will grow weary.'" Here end the words of Jeremiah.


Treasury of Scripture

Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

2 Kings 14:9
And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle.

Genesis 3:17,18
And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; …

Isaiah 7:23
And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, it shall even be for briers and thorns.

cockle.

Psalm 72:20
The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.









Verse 40. - Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockles instead of barley. Then let me be appropriately punished by finding the land, whereof I have wrongfully become possessed, produce nothing but thistles (or thorns) and noxious weeds, such as cockles (Authorized Version) or hemlock (Professor Lee). The words of Job are ended. This may be regarded either as Job's own conclusion of his long speech, or as a remark of the author's. On the whole, the former view is to be preferred.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
then let briers
ח֗וֹחַ (ḥō·w·aḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2336: Briar, bramble, hook, ring, fetter

grow
יֵ֥צֵא (yê·ṣê)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

instead of
תַּ֤חַת (ta·ḥaṯ)
Preposition
Strong's 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

wheat
חִטָּ֨ה ׀ (ḥiṭ·ṭāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2406: Wheat

and stinkweed
בָאְשָׁ֑ה (ḇā·’ə·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 890: Stink-weed, any other noxious, useless plant

instead of
וְתַֽחַת־ (wə·ṯa·ḥaṯ-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

barley.”
שְׂעֹרָ֥ה (śə·‘ō·rāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8184: Barley

Thus conclude
תַּ֝֗מּוּ (tam·mū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 8552: To be complete or finished

the words
דִּבְרֵ֥י (diḇ·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

of Job.
אִיּֽוֹב׃ (’î·yō·wḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 347: Job -- a patriarch


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OT Poetry: Job 31:40 Let briars grow instead of wheat (Jb)
Job 31:39
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