Ezra 2:63
New International Version
The governor ordered them not to eat any of the most sacred food until there was a priest ministering with the Urim and Thummim.

New Living Translation
The governor told them not to eat the priests' share of food from the sacrifices until a priest could consult the LORD about the matter by using the Urim and Thummim--the sacred lots.

English Standard Version
The governor told them that they were not to partake of the most holy food, until there should be a priest to consult Urim and Thummim.

Berean Study Bible
The governor ordered them not to eat the most holy things until there was a priest to consult the Urim and Thummim.

New American Standard Bible
The governor said to them that they should not eat from the most holy things until a priest stood up with Urim and Thummim.

King James Bible
And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Christian Standard Bible
The governor ordered them not to eat the most holy things until there was a priest who could consult the Urim and Thummim.

Contemporary English Version
In fact, the governor told them, "You cannot eat the food offered to God until we find out if you really are priests."

Good News Translation
The Jewish governor told them that they could not eat the food offered to God until there was a priest who could use the Urim and Thummim.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The governor ordered them not to eat the most holy things until there was a priest who could consult the Urim and Thummim.

International Standard Version
Governor Zerubbabel also ruled that they shouldn't eat anything holy until a priest arose with Urim and Thummim.

NET Bible
The governor instructed them not to eat any of the sacred food until there was a priest who could consult the Urim and Thummim.

New Heart English Bible
The governor said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, until there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The governor told them not to eat any of the most holy food until a priest could use the Urim and Thummim [to settle the problem].

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

New American Standard 1977
And the governor said to them that they should not eat from the most holy things until a priest stood up with Urim and Thummim.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the Tirshatha said unto them that they should not eat of the most holy things until there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim.

King James 2000 Bible
And the governor said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till a priest could consult with Urim and with Thummim.

American King James Version
And the Tirshatha said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

American Standard Version
And the governor said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Athersastha told them that they should not eat of the most holy things, until a priest should arise with Lights and Perfections.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Athersatha said to them, that they should not eat of the holy of holies, till there arose a priest learned and perfect.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Tirshatha said to them that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

English Revised Version
And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Tirshatha said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

World English Bible
The governor said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, until there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Young's Literal Translation
and the Tirshatha saith to them, that they eat not of the most holy things till the standing up of a priest with Urim and with Thummim.
Study Bible
The List of Returning Exiles
62These men searched for their family records, but they could not find them and so were excluded from the priesthood as unclean. 63The governor ordered them not to eat the most holy things until there was a priest to consult the Urim and Thummim. 64The whole assembly numbered 42,360,…
Cross References
Exodus 28:30
And place the Urim and Thummim in the breastpiece of judgment, so that they will also be over Aaron's heart whenever he comes before the LORD. Aaron will continually carry the judgment of the sons of Israel over his heart before the LORD.

Leviticus 2:3
The remainder of the grain offering will belong to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the offerings made by fire to the LORD.

Leviticus 2:10
But the remainder of the grain offering shall belong to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the offerings made by fire to the LORD.

Leviticus 8:8
Then he put the breastpiece on him and placed the Urim and Thummim in the breastpiece.

Numbers 27:21
He shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who will seek counsel for him before the LORD by the judgment of the Urim. At his command he and all the Israelites with him, the entire congregation, will go out and come in."

Ezra 2:64
The whole assembly numbered 42,360,

Treasury of Scripture

And the Tirshatha said to them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

Tirshatha.

Nehemiah 7:65
And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim.

Nehemiah 8:9
And Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day is holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the law.

Nehemiah 10:1
Now those that sealed were, Nehemiah, the Tirshatha, the son of Hachaliah, and Zidkijah,

should not

Leviticus 2:3,10
And the remnant of the meat offering shall be Aaron's and his sons': it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire…

Leviticus 6:17,29
It shall not be baken with leaven. I have given it unto them for their portion of my offerings made by fire; it is most holy, as is the sin offering, and as the trespass offering…

Leviticus 7:16
But if the sacrifice of his offering be a vow, or a voluntary offering, it shall be eaten the same day that he offereth his sacrifice: and on the morrow also the remainder of it shall be eaten:

Urim

Exodus 28:30
And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.

Leviticus 8:8
And he put the breastplate upon him: also he put in the breastplate the Urim and the Thummim.

Numbers 27:21
And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.







Lexicon
The governor
הַתִּרְשָׁ֙תָא֙ (hat·tir·šā·ṯā)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8660: (a person title) governor

ordered
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

them not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

to eat
יֹאכְל֖וּ (yō·ḵə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

the most holy things
מִקֹּ֣דֶשׁ (miq·qō·ḏeš)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

until
עַ֛ד (‘aḏ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

there was a priest
כֹּהֵ֖ן (kō·hên)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest

to consult the Urim
לְאוּרִ֥ים (lə·’ū·rîm)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 224: Part of the high priest's breastplate

and Thummim.
וּלְתֻמִּֽים׃ (ū·lə·ṯum·mîm)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8550: Perfections
(63) Tirshatha.--Interchangeable with Pechah, or governor, as Zerubbabel is called in chapter 5:14 and always in Haggai. It is probably an old Persian term, signifying "The Feared."

With Urim and with Thummim.--See Exodus 28:30. They were pronounced to be excluded from priestly functions. Without ark or temple, the people had not as yet that special presence of Jehovah before which the high priest could "inquire of the Lord by Urim and Thummim." Zerubbabel might hope that this privilege would return, and thought the official purity of the priestly line of sufficient importance for such an inquiry. But the holy of holies in the new temple never had in it the ancient "tokens "; and by Urim and Thummim Jehovah was never again inquired of.

Verse 63. - The Tirshatha. As "Shesh-bazzar" was the Babylonian name of Zerub-babel (Ezra 1:8), so "the Tirshatha" seems to have been his Persian title. The word is probably a participial form from tars or tarsa, "to fear," and means literally "the Feared." It is used only by Ezra and Nehemiah (Nehemiah 7:65; Nehemiah 8:9). Haggai calls Zerubbabel uniformly pechah, "governor (Haggai 1:1, 14; Haggai 2:2, 21). They should not eat of the most holy things. The priests' portion of the offerings, called "most holy" in Leviticus 2:2, 10, is intended. Of this no "stranger" might eat (ibid. 22:10). Till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim. Zerubbabel evidently expected that the power of obtaining direct answers from God by means of the Urim and Thummim, whatever they were (see note on Exodus 28:30), which had existed in the pre-captivity Church, would be restored when the Church was re-established in its ancient home. The doubt whether the families of Habaiah and Coz (or Haccoz) belonged to the priestly class or no might then be resolved. But Zerubbabel's expectation was disappointed. The gift of Urim and Thum-mira, forfeited by disobedience, was never recovered. 2:36-63 Those who undervalue their relation to the Lord in times of reproach, persecution, or distress, will have no benefit from it when it becomes honourable or profitable. Those who have no evidence that they are, by the new birth, spiritual priests unto God, through Jesus Christ, have no right to the comforts and privileges of Christians.
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