Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)2Kings 22:3-7; and the similar account of the restoration by Joash in 2Chronicles 24:11-13).
When he had purged.—Omit had. (Lĕtahēr is apparently co-ordinate with lĕmolkû, “in the eighteenth year to his reigning, to purging the land “; as if the work of purification had been co-extensive with the reign. The LXX., however, has, “in order to purge the land,” which may be right.)
He sent Shaphan.—Who was secretary of state (2Kings 22:3, “the scribe”).
Maaseiah . . . Joah.—Kings mentions Shaphan only.
The governor of the city.—Sar ha’îr; praefectus urois. (Conp. 1Chronicles 11:6.)2 Chronicles 34:8-11. When he had purged the land and the house — The house of God, called the house, by way of eminence. And they returned to Jerusalem — That is, the Levites, who had gone abroad through all Josiah’s kingdom to gather money for this use, and now came with it to Jerusalem to lodge it in the treasuries of the Lord’s house. To floor the houses which the kings of Judah had destroyed — The chambers adjoining to the temple, or within the courts.2 Kings 23:19 note).
With their mattocks ... - Or "in their desolate places" (compare Psalm 109:10). Another reading gives the sense, "he proved their house round about."
8. in the eighteenth year of his reign … he sent Shaphan—(See on 2Ki 22:3-9).The land and the house; the house of God, called the house by way of eminency.
he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah: who only is mentioned in 2 Kings 22:3 two more are added here, as follow:
and Maaseiah the governor of the city; the city of Jerusalem, a deputy governor under the king, a sort of mayor or provost:
and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder; who was over the book of memorials, as the Targum; the word may be rendered "the remembrances"; and, according to Jarchi, as every king of Judah had a scribe to write down the memorable things that happened in his reign, good or bad, so the scribe had one by him, to put him in mind of every transaction, from whom he wrote it down:
to repair the house of the Lord his God; that is, to give orders for the doing of it, to prepare for it, provide workmen, and appoint overseers of them: it had not been repaired since the times of Joash, which, according to the Jewish chronology (y), was a space of two hundred and eighteen years.Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)2 Kings 22:3-20). Repair of the Temple. Discovery of the Book of the Law
8. Shaphan] According to 2 Kin. he was Scribe. See 1 Chronicles 18:16 (note).
the governor of the city] Render, a ruler of the city; cp. 2 Chronicles 29:20.
the recorder] R.V. mg. the chronicler; cp. 1 Chronicles 18:15 (note). Neither Maaseiah nor Joah is mentioned in 2 Kin.Verse 8. - It is in some sense as though the work of purification, atoning, penitence, must precede that of practical repentance, of repairing, restoring, rebuilding. The original, however, does not warrant the laying of any stress on the when, found again in the Authorized Version. Shaphau. In the parallel (2 Kings 22:3) Shaphan is designated "the scribe." His descendants, to the second generation, at all events, did him honor (Jeremiah 26:24; Jeremiah 29:3; Jeremiah 36:10, 12, 25; Ezekiel 8:11; see also 2 Kings 25:22). The names of Masseiah (Jeremiah 35:4) and Joah (2 Kings 18:18) are known, but not marking the present persons. 2 Kings 22:1, 2 Kings 22:2, only the note as to Josiah's mother being here omitted.
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