2 Samuel 8:3
New International Version
Moreover, David defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, when he went to restore his monument at the Euphrates River.

New Living Translation
David also destroyed the forces of Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, when Hadadezer marched out to strengthen his control along the Euphrates River.

English Standard Version
David also defeated Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to restore his power at the river Euphrates.

Berean Study Bible
David also defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, who had marched out to restore his dominion along the Euphrates River.

New American Standard Bible
Then David defeated Hadadezer, the son of Rehob king of Zobah, as he went to restore his rule at the River.

King James Bible
David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.

Christian Standard Bible
David also defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, when he went to restore his control at the Euphrates River.

Contemporary English Version
David set out for the Euphrates River to build a monument there. On his way, he defeated the king of Zobah, whose name was Hadadezer the son of Rehob.

Good News Translation
Then he defeated the king of the Syrian state of Zobah, Hadadezer son of Rehob, as Hadadezer was on his way to restore his control over the territory by the upper Euphrates River.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David also defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, who went to restore his control at the Euphrates River.

International Standard Version
David also attacked King Hadadezer, Rehob's son from Zobah, when he was attempting to restore his hegemony over the Euphrates River.

NET Bible
David defeated King Hadadezer son of Rehob of Zobah when he came to reestablish his authority over the Euphrates River.

New Heart English Bible
David struck also Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his dominion at the River.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When David went to restore his control [over the territory] along the Euphrates River, he defeated Zobah's King Hadadezer, son of Rehob.

JPS Tanakh 1917
David smote also Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to establish his dominion at the river Euphrates.

New American Standard 1977
Then David defeated Hadadezer, the son of Rehob king of Zobah, as he went to restore his rule at the River.

Jubilee Bible 2000
David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to extend his border to the river Euphrates.

King James 2000 Bible
David struck also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his territory at the river Euphrates.

American King James Version
David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.

American Standard Version
David smote also Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his dominion at the River.

Douay-Rheims Bible
David defeated also Adarezer the son of Rohob king of Soba, when he went to extend his dominion over the river Euphrates.

Darby Bible Translation
And David smote Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his dominion by the river Euphrates.

English Revised Version
David smote also Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his dominion at the River.

Webster's Bible Translation
David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.

World English Bible
David struck also Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his dominion at the River.

Young's Literal Translation
And David smiteth Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, in his going to bring back his power by the River Euphrates;
Study Bible
David's Triumphs
2David also defeated the Moabites, made them lie down on the ground, and he measured them off with a cord. He measured off with two lengths those to be put to death, and with one length those to be spared. So the Moabites became subject to David and brought him tribute. 3David also defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, who had marched out to restore his dominion along the Euphrates River. 4David captured from him a thousand chariots, seven thousand charioteers, and twenty thousand foot soldiers, and he hamstrung all the horses except a hundred he kept for the chariots.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 14:47
After Saul had assumed the kingship over Israel, he fought against all his enemies on every side--the Moabites, the Ammonites, the Edomites, the kings of Zobah, and the Philistines. Wherever he turned, he routed them.

2 Samuel 10:6
When the Ammonites realized that they had become a stench to David, they hired twenty thousand Aramean foot soldiers from Beth-rehob and Zoba, as well as a thousand men from the king of Maacah and twelve thousand men from Tob.

2 Samuel 10:15
When the Arameans saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they regrouped.

2 Samuel 10:16
Hadadezer sent messengers to bring more Arameans from beyond the Euphrates, and they came to Helam with Shobach the commander of Hadadezer's army leading them.

2 Samuel 10:19
When all the kings who were subject to Hadadezer saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they made peace with Israel and became subject to them. So the Arameans were afraid to help the Ammonites anymore.

2 Samuel 23:36
Igal son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,

1 Kings 11:23
And God raised up against Solomon another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his master, Hadadezer king of Zobah

Psalm 60:1
You have rejected us, O God; You have broken us; You have been angry; restore us!

Treasury of Scripture

David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.

Hadadezer

1 Chronicles 18:3 And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah to Hamath, as he went to …

Hadarezer
Zobah

2 Samuel 10:6 And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David…

1 Samuel 14:47 So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his …

1 Kings 11:23,24 And God stirred him up another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, …

Psalm 60:1 O God, you have cast us off, you have scattered us, you have been …

at the river

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your …

Exodus 23:31 And I will set your bounds from the Red sea even to the sea of the …

Deuteronomy 11:24 Every place where on the soles of your feet shall tread shall be …

1 Kings 4:21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river to the land …

Psalm 72:8 He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river to …







Lexicon
David
דָּוִ֔ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

also defeated
וַיַּ֣ךְ (way·yaḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

Hadadezer
הֲדַדְעֶ֥זֶר (hă·ḏaḏ·‘e·zer)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1909: Hadadezer -- 'Hadad is help(er)', an Aramean (Syrian) king

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Rehob,
רְחֹ֖ב (rə·ḥōḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7340: Rechob

king
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of Zobah,
צוֹבָ֑ה (ṣō·w·ḇāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6678: Zobah -- an Aramean (Syrian) kingdom

who had marched out
בְּלֶכְתּ֕וֹ (bə·leḵ·tōw)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

to restore
לְהָשִׁ֥יב (lə·hā·šîḇ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

his dominion
יָד֖וֹ (yā·ḏōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

along the Euphrates
פְּרָֽת׃‪‬ (pə·rāṯ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6578: Euphrates -- a river of west Asia

River.
בִּֽנְהַר־ (bin·har-)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5104: A stream, prosperity
(3) Hadadezer . . . king of Zobah.--This name is sometimes (1Chronicles 18:3; 1Chronicles 18:5; 1Chronicles 18:7, &c.) spelt "Hadarezer," the letters d and r being much alike in Hebrew and easily confused; but the form given here is right, Hadad being the chief idol of the Syrians. Zobah (called in the title of Psalms 60 Aram-Zobah) was a kingdom, the position of which cannot be exactly determined, but lying north-east of Israel, and formerly governed by petty kings with whom Saul had wars (1Samuel 14:47). When or by what means it had become united under a single sovereign is unknown, but from 2Samuel 8:4 with 2Samuel 10:6; 2Samuel 10:16, it is plain that he was a monarch of considerable power, and controlled tribes beyond the Euphrates.

To recover his border.--Literally, to cause his hand to return, a phrase which in itself might mean either to renew his attack, or to re-establish his power. The latter is shown to be the sense here by the expression in 1Chronicles 18:3, "to establish his dominion," and is so translated in the LXX. What happened is more fully explained in 2Samuel 10:13-19 : the Ammonites had obtained the help of the Syrians when their combined armies were defeated by David; Hadadezer then attempted to summon to his aid the tribes "beyond the river" (i.e., the Euphrates), but David cut short his plans by another crushing defeat, which reduced them all to subjection. Our Version inserts the word Euphrates on the authority of the margin of the Hebrew, several MSS., and all the ancient versions. The river, however, would in any case mean the Euphrates.

Verse 3. - Hadadezer. The name is spelt Hadarezer in 2 Samuel 10:16 and in 1 Chronicles 18:3, and such is the reading of the versions here and of many Hebrew manuscripts. The other reading has been defended on the ground that Hadad is the name of the Syrian sun-god, but the cuneiform inscriptions show that his real name was Hadar. The King of Syria, mentioned in 1 Kings 20:1, is called in Assyrian Ben-Hidri. Zobah. Ewald identifies Zobah with the "Sabo" mentioned by Ptolemy. This is uncertain, but evidently Zobah lay northeast of Damascus and south of Hamath, in the region between the rivers Orontes and Euphrates. In 1 Samuel 14:47 it appears as a powerless country governed by a multitude of petty kings; but evidently now Hadarezer had made himself supreme, and become a powerful monarch whose authority extended even across the river into Mesopotamia (2 Samuel 10:16). Having crushed his rivals at home, he had next endeavoured to extend his dominion abroad. As he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates. The word "Euphrates" is inserted in the Authorized Version, because the margin says, "Euphrates read but not written." In the Revised Version it is omitted, because the unauthoritative nature of these directions to read something not in the text has been demonstrated. Technically these readings are called K'ri, and the written text K'tib. In 1 Chronicles 18:3 the reading is, "as he went to stablish his dominion by the river" - a change which involves the alteration of only one letter, as the word rendered here "his border," and in 1 Chronicles 18:3 "his dominion," is the same, signifying literally, "his hand." For this reason the Revised Version renders it correctly in both places "his dominion." Now, David never had possessed up to this time any dominion upon the Euphrates, but in the fuller narrative in ch. 10. we learn that these Syrians of Zobah had sent powerful reinforcements to the Ammonites in their war with David; and he might reasonably, therefore, determine to follow up his victory over. them by extending his power up to the river, so as to guard the fords, and prevent all future invasions. And this Hadarezer would resent. As an able and enterprising man, he had succeeded in making Zobah a powerful realm, and was not likely to submit to having a bridle put upon his adventurous spirit by the posting of an Israelitish garrison on the borders. We learn from 2 Samuel 10:19 that David's object was to prevent aid coming to Ammon from Zobah, and that he succeeded in putting a barrier in Hadarezer's way. We can scarcely doubt, therefore, that the reading in the Chronicles is to be preferred. In 1 Samuel 14:47 we read that Saul had waged war with Zobah, and as David had probably served in it, he would have thereby acquired both a knowledge of the country, very useful in this present more serious expedition, and also have learned the necessity of guarding his dominions against perpetual invasions from that quarter. 8:1-8. David subdued the Philistines. They had long been troublesome to Israel. And after the long and frequent struggles the saints have with the powers of darkness, like Israel with the Philistines, the Son of David shall tread them all under foot, and make the saints more than conquerors. He smote the Moabites, and made them tributaries to Israel. Two parts he destroyed, the third part he spared. The line that was to keep alive, though it was but one, is ordered to be a full line. Let the line of mercy be stretched to the utmost. He smote the Syrians. In all these wars David was protected, for this in his psalms he often gives glory to God.
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Alphabetical: along as at control David defeated Euphrates fought Hadadezer he his king Moreover of Rehob restore River rule son the Then to went when Zobah

OT History: 2 Samuel 8:3 David struck also Hadadezer the son (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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