1 Chronicles 19:16
New International Version
After the Arameans saw that they had been routed by Israel, they sent messengers and had Arameans brought from beyond the Euphrates River, with Shophak the commander of Hadadezer's army leading them.

New Living Translation
The Arameans now realized that they were no match for Israel, so they sent messengers and summoned additional Aramean troops from the other side of the Euphrates River. These troops were under the command of Shobach, the commander of Hadadezer's forces.

English Standard Version
But when the Syrians saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers and brought out the Syrians who were beyond the Euphrates, with Shophach the commander of the army of Hadadezer at their head.

Berean Study Bible
When the Arameans saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers to bring more Arameans from beyond the Euphrates, with Shophach the commander of Hadadezer’s army leading them.

New American Standard Bible
When the Arameans saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers and brought out the Arameans who were beyond the River, with Shophach the commander of the army of Hadadezer leading them.

King James Bible
And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

Christian Standard Bible
When the Arameans realized that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers to summon the Arameans who were beyond the Euphrates River. They were led by Shophach, the commander of Hadadezer's army.

Contemporary English Version
As soon as the Syrians realized they had been defeated, they sent for their troops that were stationed on the other side of the Euphrates River. Shophach, the commander of Hadadezer's army, led these troops to Ammon.

Good News Translation
The Syrians realized that they had been defeated by the Israelites, so they brought troops from the Syrian states on the east side of the Euphrates River and placed them under the command of Shobach, commander of the army of King Hadadezer of Zobah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the Arameans realized that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers to summon the Arameans who were across the Euphrates. They were led by Shophach, the commander of Hadadezer's army.

International Standard Version
After the Arameans realized that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent for the Arameans who lived beyond the Euphrates River. Shophach was leading them as commander of Hadadezer's army.

NET Bible
When the Arameans realized they had been defeated by Israel, they sent for reinforcements from beyond the Euphrates River, led by Shophach the commanding general of Hadadezer's army.

New Heart English Bible
When the Syrians saw that they were defeated by Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians who were beyond the River, with Shobach the captain of the army of Hadadezer at their head.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Realizing that Israel had defeated them, the kings sent [messengers] to get [other] Arameans from beyond the Euphrates River. Shophach, the commander of Hadadezer's army, led them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when the Arameans saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and brought out the Arameans that were beyond the River, with Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer at their head.

New American Standard 1977
When the Arameans saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers, and brought out the Arameans who were beyond the River, with Shophach the commander of the army of Hadadezer leading them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they sent ambassadors and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river, whose captain was Shophach, the prince of the host of Hadarezer.

King James 2000 Bible
And when the Syrians saw that they were defeated before Israel, they sent messengers, and brought forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the army of Hadadezer went before them.

American King James Version
And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

American Standard Version
And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the River, with Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer at their head.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Syrian saw that Israel had defeated him, and he sent messengers, and they brought out the Syrians from beyond the river; and Sophath the commander-in-chief of the forces of Adraazar was before them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the Syrians seeing that they had fallen before Israel, sent messengers, and brought to them the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Sophach, general of the army of Adarezer, was their leader.

Darby Bible Translation
And when the Syrians saw that they were routed before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river; and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer [went] before them.

English Revised Version
And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the River, with Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer at their head.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the Syrians saw that they were defeated before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

World English Bible
When the Syrians saw that they were defeated by Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians who were beyond the River, with Shophach the captain of the army of Hadadezer at their head.

Young's Literal Translation
And Aram seeth that they have been smitten before Israel, and send messengers, and bring out Aram that is beyond the River, and Shophach head of the host of Hadarezer is before them.
Study Bible
David Defeats Ammon and Aram
15When the Ammonites saw that the Arameans had fled, they too fled before Joab’s brother Abishai, and they entered the city. So Joab went back to Jerusalem. 16When the Arameans saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they sent messengers to bring more Arameans from beyond the Euphrates, with Shophach the commander of Hadadezer’s army leading them. 17When this was reported to David, he gathered all Israel, crossed the Jordan, and went against the Arameans, arrayed for battle against them. When David lined up to engage them in battle, they fought against him.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 10:16
Hadadezer sent messengers to bring more Arameans from beyond the Euphrates, and they came to Helam with Shobach the commander of Hadadezer's army leading them.

1 Chronicles 19:15
When the Ammonites saw that the Arameans had fled, they too fled before Joab's brother Abishai, and they entered the city. So Joab went back to Jerusalem.

1 Chronicles 19:17
When this was reported to David, he gathered all Israel, crossed the Jordan, and went against the Arameans, arrayed for battle against them. When David lined up to engage them in battle, they fought against him.

Treasury of Scripture

And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

A.

Psalm 2:1
Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?

Isaiah 8:9
Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces.

Micah 4:11,12
Now also many nations are gathered against thee, that say, Let her be defiled, and let our eye look upon Zion…

river that is, Euphrates.

2 Samuel 10:16
And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

Shobach







Lexicon
When the Arameans
אֲרָ֗ם (’ă·rām)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 758: Aram -- Syria

saw
וַיַּ֣רְא (way·yar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

that
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

they had been defeated
נִגְּפוּ֮ (nig·gə·p̄ū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 5062: To push, gore, defeat, stub, inflict

by
לִפְנֵ֣י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵל֒ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

they sent
וַֽיִּשְׁלְחוּ֙ (way·yiš·lə·ḥū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

messengers
מַלְאָכִ֔ים (mal·’ā·ḵîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

to bring
וַיּוֹצִ֣יאוּ (way·yō·w·ṣî·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

[more] Arameans
אֲרָ֔ם (’ă·rām)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 758: Aram -- Syria

from beyond
מֵעֵ֣בֶר (mê·‘ê·ḇer)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5676: A region across, on the opposite side

the Euphrates,
הַנָּהָ֑ר (han·nā·hār)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5104: A stream, prosperity

with Shophach
וְשׁוֹפַ֛ךְ (wə·šō·w·p̄aḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7780: Shophach -- an Aramean (Syrian) general

the commander
שַׂר־ (śar-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of Hadadezer’s
הֲדַדְעֶ֖זֶר (hă·ḏaḏ·‘e·zer)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1909: Hadadezer -- 'Hadad is help(er)', an Aramean (Syrian) king

army
צְבָ֥א (ṣə·ḇā)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign

leading them.
לִפְנֵיהֶֽם׃ (lip̄·nê·hem)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face
(16-19) The last effort of the Arameans. They are defeated, and become vassals to David.

(16) They sent messengers.--Samuel, "Hadarezer sent and drew forth" (literally, made to come out: i.e., to war, 1Chronicles 20:1). The name "Hadarezer" (Hadadezer) is important, as helping us to identify this campaign with that of 1Chronicles 18:3-8.

Beyond the river.--The Euphrates, called Purat, Puratu, by the Babylonians and Assyrians, Furat by the Arabs, and Ufratus by the ancient Persians. The name is derived from the Accadian Pura-nunu (great river). The Assyrian Purat, Hebrew P?rath, is simply the word Pura with a feminine ending; so that this well-known name means "The River par excellence. (Comp. Genesis 15:18; Isaiah 8:7.)

The use of this phrase, "beyond the river," to denote the position of the Eastern Aramaeans, shows that the narrative here borrowed by the chronicler was originally written in Palestine. The Syriac and Arabic add here, "and they came to Hilam." (So Samuel; see next verse.)

Shophach.--Samuel, "Shobach." The letters p and b are much alike in Hebrew. The Syriac has Sh'b�k. Shophach may be compared with the Arabic safaka, "to shed blood" (saffak, a shedder of blood).

Went before them.--Commanded them. It thus appears that the suzerainty of Hadadezer was recognised by some Aramaean States lying east of the Euphrates.

Verse 16. - Beyond the river; i.e. the river Euphrates. Shophach. In the parallel place spelt Shobach. Of him nothing else is known except his death, as recorded in ver. 18 and in 2 Samuel 10:18. 19:1-19 David's wars. - The history is here repeated which we read 2Sa 10. The only safety of sinners consists in submitting to the Lord, seeking peace with him, and becoming his servants. Let us assist each other in a good cause; but let us fear lest, while made instruments of good to others, we should come short of salvation, through unbelief and sin.
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Alphabetical: After and Arameans army been beyond brought by commander defeated from had Hadadezer Hadadezer's Israel leading messengers of out River routed saw sent Shophach that the them they were When who with

OT History: 1 Chronicles 19:16 When the Syrians saw that they were (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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