1 Chronicles 19:10
New International Version
Joab saw that there were battle lines in front of him and behind him; so he selected some of the best troops in Israel and deployed them against the Arameans.

New Living Translation
When Joab saw that he would have to fight on both the front and the rear, he chose some of Israel's elite troops and placed them under his personal command to fight the Arameans in the fields.

English Standard Version
When Joab saw that the battle was set against him both in front and in the rear, he chose some of the best men of Israel and arrayed them against the Syrians.

Berean Study Bible
When Joab saw the battle lines before him and behind him, he selected some of the best men of Israel and arrayed them against the Arameans.

New American Standard Bible
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he selected from all the choice men of Israel and they arrayed themselves against the Arameans.

King James Bible
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

Christian Standard Bible
When Joab saw that there was a battle line in front of him and another behind him, he chose some of Israel's finest young men and lined up in formation to engage the Arameans.

Contemporary English Version
Joab saw that the enemy troops were lined up on both sides of him. So he picked some of the best Israelite soldiers to fight the Syrians.

Good News Translation
Joab saw that the enemy troops would attack him in front and from the rear, so he chose the best of Israel's soldiers and put them in position facing the Syrians.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Joab saw that there was a battle line in front of him and another behind him, he chose some men out of all the elite troops of Israel and lined up in battle formation to engage the Arameans.

International Standard Version
When Joab observed that the battle lines were set up to oppose him both in front and behind, he appointed some special forces from Israel and arrayed them to oppose the Arameans,

NET Bible
When Joab saw that the battle would be fought on two fronts, he chose some of Israel's best men and deployed them against the Arameans.

New Heart English Bible
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Joab saw he was under attack in front and behind, he took the select troops of Israel and organized them for combat against the Arameans.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Arameans.

New American Standard 1977
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he selected from all the choice men of Israel and they arrayed themselves against the Arameans.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel and put them in order against the Syrians.

King James 2000 Bible
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him in front and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

American King James Version
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

American Standard Version
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wherefore Joab understanding that the battle was set against him before and behind, chose out the bravest men of all Israel, and marched against the Syrians,

Darby Bible Translation
And Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind; and he chose out of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians;

English Revised Version
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he selected all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

World English Bible
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

Young's Literal Translation
And Joab seeth that the front of the battle hath been unto him, before and behind, and he chooseth out of all the choice in Israel, and setteth in array to meet Aram,
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
David Defeats Ammon and Aram
10When Joab saw the battle lines before him and behind him, he selected some of the best men of Israel and arrayed them against the Arameans. 11And he placed the rest of the forces under the command of his brother Abishai, who arrayed them against the Ammonites.…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 19:9
The Ammonites marched out and arrayed themselves for battle at the entrance of the city, while the kings who had come stayed by themselves in the open country.

1 Chronicles 19:11
And he placed the rest of the forces under the command of his brother Abishai, who arrayed them against the Ammonites.

Treasury of Scripture

Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

when Joab's

2 Samuel 10:9-14 When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before …

battle [heb] face of the battle
set against

Joshua 8:22 And the other issued out of the city against them; so they were in …

Judges 20:42,43 Therefore they turned their backs before the men of Israel to the …

choice. or, young men







Lexicon
When Joab
יוֹאָ֗ב (yō·w·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3097: Joab -- 'the LORD is father', three Israelites

saw
וַיַּ֣רְא (way·yar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

the battle lines
הַמִּלְחָמָ֛ה (ham·mil·ḥā·māh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4421: A battle, war

before him
פָּנִ֣ים (pā·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

and behind him,
וְאָח֑וֹר (wə·’ā·ḥō·wr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 268: The hinder part, behind, backward, the West

he selected
וַיִּבְחַ֗ר (way·yiḇ·ḥar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 977: To try, select

some of
מִכָּל־ (mik·kāl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the best
בָּחוּר֙ (bā·ḥūr)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 970: Selected, a youth

men of Israel
בְּיִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל (bə·yiś·rā·’êl)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

and arrayed them
וַֽיַּעֲרֹ֖ךְ (way·ya·‘ă·rōḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6186: To set in a, row, arrange, put in order

against
לִקְרַ֥את (liq·raṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7125: Against he come, help, meet, seek, to, in the way

the Arameans.
אֲרָֽם׃ (’ă·rām)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 758: Aram -- Syria
(10) The battle was set against him before and behind.--Literally, the front of the battle had become towards him, front and rear. The order of words is different in Samuel, and a preposition added ("on front and on rear"). The Ammonites lay in front of the city, their Aramaean allies at some distance away, in the plain. For Joab to attack either with his entire army would have been to expose his rear to the assault of the other. He therefore divided his forces.

The choice of Israel.--Literally, the chosen or young warriors (singular collective) in Israel (i.e., in the Israelitish army). These Joab himself led against the Aramaeans, as the most dangerous enemy, while he sent a detachment, under his brother Abishai, to cope with the Ammonites.

Put them in array.--Rather, set the battle in array, or drew up against . . . (1Chronicles 19:17; 1Chronicles 12:33). The same Hebrew phrase recurs in 1Chronicles 19:11.

Verse 10. - The meaning in brief of this Terse is that, as Joab found there were practically two enemies, and two armies to face, he avoided the mistake of being shut up between them more than necessary, and divided his own hosts. He took the flower of all, under his own command, to face the Syrians in the field, who were the most formidable of the enemy. The rest he put under his brother Abishai, to face the Ammonites at the gate, i.e. of the city Medeba. The plan succeeded, for if Abishai had only done as much as hold back the Ammonites awhile, so soon as they saw the Syrians break and flee they knew that Joab and his army would be free to "help" Abishai. 19:1-19 David's wars. - The history is here repeated which we read 2Sa 10. The only safety of sinners consists in submitting to the Lord, seeking peace with him, and becoming his servants. Let us assist each other in a good cause; but let us fear lest, while made instruments of good to others, we should come short of salvation, through unbelief and sin.
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Alphabetical: against all and Arameans arrayed battle behind best choice deployed from front he him in Israel Joab lines men Now of rear saw selected set so some that the them themselves there they troops was were when

OT History: 1 Chronicles 19:10 Now when Joab saw that the battle (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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