2 Samuel 10:9
New International Version
Joab saw that there were battle lines in front of him and behind him; so he selected some of the best troops in Israel and deployed them against the Arameans.

New Living Translation
When Joab saw that he would have to fight on both the front and the rear, he chose some of Israel’s elite troops and placed them under his personal command to fight the Arameans in the fields.

English Standard Version
When Joab saw that the battle was set against him both in front and in the rear, he chose some of the best men of Israel and arrayed them against the Syrians.

Berean Study Bible
When Joab saw the battle lines before him and behind him, he selected some of the best men of Israel and arrayed them against the Arameans.

King James Bible
When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

New King James Version
When Joab saw that the battle line was against him before and behind, he chose some of Israel’s best and put them in battle array against the Syrians.

New American Standard Bible
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him at the front and at the rear, he selected warriors from all the choice men in Israel, and lined them up against the Arameans.

NASB 1995
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he selected from all the choice men of Israel, and arrayed them against the Arameans.

NASB 1977
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he selected from all the choice men of Israel, and arrayed them against the Arameans.

Amplified Bible
Now when Joab saw that the battlefront was against him in front and in the rear, he selected some of all the choice men in Israel and set them in battle formation to meet the Arameans (Syrians).

Christian Standard Bible
When Joab saw that there was a battle line in front of him and another behind him, he chose some of Israel’s finest young men and lined up in formation to engage the Arameans.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Joab saw that there was a battle line in front of him and another behind him, he chose some men out of all the elite troops of Israel and lined up in battle formation to engage the Arameans.

American Standard Version
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Yuab saw that war was set against him before him and behind him, and he chose from all the choice men of Israel and he sent them against Adum

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him from that which was opposed in front and from behind, and he chose out some of all the young men of Israel, and they set themselves in array against Syria.

Contemporary English Version
Joab saw that he had to fight in front and behind at the same time, and he picked some of the best Israelite soldiers to fight the Arameans.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then Joab seeing that the battle was prepared against him, both before and behind, chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

English Revised Version
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

Good News Translation
Joab saw that the enemy troops would attack him in front and from the rear, so he chose the best of Israel's soldiers and put them in position facing the Syrians.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Joab saw he was under attack in front and behind, he took the select troops of Israel and organized them for combat against the Arameans.

International Standard Version
When Joab observed that the battle lines were set up to oppose him both in front and behind, he appointed the best troops in Israel and arrayed them to oppose the Arameans,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Arameans;

Literal Standard Version
and Joab sees that the front of the battle has been to him before and behind, and he chooses [out] of all the chosen in Israel, and sets in array to meet Aram,

NET Bible
When Joab saw that the battle would be fought on two fronts, he chose some of Israel's best men and deployed them against the Arameans.

New Heart English Bible
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Arameans:

World English Bible
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

Young's Literal Translation
and Joab seeth that the front of the battle hath been unto him before and behind, and he chooseth of all the chosen in Israel, and setteth in array to meet Aram,

Additional Translations ...
Context
David Defeats Ammon and Aram
9When Joab saw the battle lines before him and behind him, he selected some of the best men of Israel and arrayed them against the Arameans. 10And he placed the rest of the forces under the command of his brother Abishai, who arrayed them against the Ammonites.…

Cross References
2 Samuel 10:8
The Ammonites marched out and arrayed themselves for battle at the entrance of the city gate, while the Arameans of Zobah and Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the open country.

2 Samuel 10:10
And he placed the rest of the forces under the command of his brother Abishai, who arrayed them against the Ammonites.


Treasury of Scripture

When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

Joshua 8:21,22
And when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city, and that the smoke of the city ascended, then they turned again, and slew the men of Ai…

Judges 20:42,43
Therefore they turned their backs before the men of Israel unto the way of the wilderness; but the battle overtook them; and them which came out of the cities they destroyed in the midst of them…









(9) When Joab saw.--The keen eye of this experienced general at once took in both the advantages and the danger of this disposition of the enemy. He threw his whole force between their two divisions, organising his own army in two parts, one facing the Ammonites and the other the Syrians, but each capable of supporting the other in case of need. The enemy was thus cut in two, while the Israelites formed one compact body. He himself took command of the wing facing the Syrians with the choice troops of Israel, as having the stronger enemy to meet, while he gave the rest of the forces opposing the Ammonites into the hand of his brother Abishai.

Verse 9. - The front of the battle. The object of Joab was to prevent at all hazards the junction of the Syrians with the Ammonites, and he was only just in time to throw himself between them. This was resolute but dangerous policy, as, in case of defeat, he would have a powerful enemy in his rear. Apparently, however, he was aware that his real work lay with the Syrian mercenaries, who were dangerous enough by themselves, and would become more than a match for him if they were reinforced by the men of Rabbah. He therefore leaves Abishai with such troops as he could spare to watch the Ammonites, feeling sure that they would not hazard an attack unless they saw matters going ill with him; and, taking with him all his bravest men, "the choice man of Israel," he prepares with them to give battle to the Syrians.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
When Joab
יוֹאָ֗ב (yō·w·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3097: Joab -- 'the LORD is father', three Israelites

saw
וַיַּ֣רְא (way·yar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7200: To see

the battle lines
הַמִּלְחָמָ֔ה (ham·mil·ḥā·māh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4421: A battle, war

before him
מִפָּנִ֖ים (mip·pā·nîm)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 6440: The face

and behind him,
וּמֵֽאָח֑וֹר (ū·mê·’ā·ḥō·wr)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 268: The hinder part, behind, backward, the West

he selected
וַיִּבְחַ֗ר (way·yiḇ·ḥar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 977: To try, select

some of
מִכֹּל֙ (mik·kōl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the best
בְּחוּרֵ֣י (bə·ḥū·rê)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine plural construct
Strong's 970: Selected, a youth

men of Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

and arrayed them
וַֽיַּעֲרֹ֖ךְ (way·ya·‘ă·rōḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6186: To set in a, row, arrange, put in order

against
לִקְרַ֥את (liq·raṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 7125: Against he come, help, meet, seek, to, in the way

the Arameans.
אֲרָֽם׃ (’ă·rām)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 758: Aram -- Syria


Jump to Previous
Aramaeans Arameans Array Arrayed Battle Best Choice Chose Deployed Forces Front Israel Joab Jo'ab Lines Picked Rear Selected Syrians Troops
Jump to Next
Aramaeans Arameans Array Arrayed Battle Best Choice Chose Deployed Forces Front Israel Joab Jo'ab Lines Picked Rear Selected Syrians Troops
Links
2 Samuel 10:9 NIV
2 Samuel 10:9 NLT
2 Samuel 10:9 ESV
2 Samuel 10:9 NASB
2 Samuel 10:9 KJV

2 Samuel 10:9 BibleApps.com
2 Samuel 10:9 Biblia Paralela
2 Samuel 10:9 Chinese Bible
2 Samuel 10:9 French Bible
2 Samuel 10:9 Clyx Quotations

OT History: 2 Samuel 10:9 Now when Joab saw that the battle (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 10:8
Top of Page
Top of Page