2 Samuel 10:8
New International Version
The Ammonites came out and drew up in battle formation at the entrance of their city gate, while the Arameans of Zobah and Rehob and the men of Tob and Maakah were by themselves in the open country.

New Living Translation
The Ammonite troops came out and drew up their battle lines at the entrance of the city gate, while the Arameans from Zobah and Rehob and the men from Tob and Maacah positioned themselves to fight in the open fields.

English Standard Version
And the Ammonites came out and drew up in battle array at the entrance of the gate, and the Syrians of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the open country.

Berean Study Bible
The Ammonites marched out and arrayed themselves for battle at the entrance of the city gate, while the Arameans of Zobah and Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the open country.

King James Bible
And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

New King James Version
Then the people of Ammon came out and put themselves in battle array at the entrance of the gate. And the Syrians of Zoba, Beth Rehob, Ish-Tob, and Maacah were by themselves in the field.

New American Standard Bible
And the sons of Ammon came out and lined up for battle at the entrance of the city, while the Arameans of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were stationed by themselves in the field.

NASB 1995
The sons of Ammon came out and drew up in battle array at the entrance of the city, while the Arameans of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the field.

NASB 1977
And the sons of Ammon came out and drew up in battle array at the entrance of the city, while the Arameans of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the field.

Amplified Bible
The Ammonites came out and lined up for battle at the entrance of the [city] gate, but the Arameans of Zobah and Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were [stationed] by themselves in the field.

Christian Standard Bible
The Ammonites marched out and lined up in battle formation at the entrance to the city gate while the Arameans of Zobah and Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were in the field by themselves.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Ammonites marched out and lined up in battle formation at the entrance to the city gate while the Arameans of Zobah and Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were in the field by themselves.

American Standard Version
And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entrance of the gate: and the Syrians of Zobah and of Rehob, and the men of Tob and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the sons of Amun went out and they sent the battle to the entrance of the gate of Adum, son of Rakhub, and of Adum, son of Tsuba, and of Ashitub, and of Makah, by themselves in the field

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the children of Ammon went forth, and set the battle in array by the door of the gate: those of Syria, Suba, and Roob, and Istob, and Amalec, being by themselves in the field.

Contemporary English Version
The Ammonite troops came out and got ready to fight in front of the gate to their city. The Arameans from Zobah and Rehob and the soldiers from Tob and Maacah formed a separate group in the nearby fields.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the children of Ammon came out, and set their men in array at the entering in of the gate: but the Syrians of Soba, and of Rohob, and of Istob, and of Maacha were by themselves in the field.

English Revised Version
And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zobah, and of Rehob, and the men of Tob and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

Good News Translation
The Ammonites marched out and took up their position at the entrance to Rabbah, their capital city, while the others, both the Syrians and the men from Tob and Maacah, took up their position in the open countryside.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Ammonites formed a battle line at the entrance of the [city] gate, while the Arameans from Zobah and Rehob and the men from Tob and Maacah remained by themselves in the open country.

International Standard Version
The Ammonites went out in battle formation at the entrance to the city gate, while the Arameans from Zobah and Rehob, along with the army from Tob and Maacah, were out by themselves in the open fields.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entrance of the gate; and the Arameans of Zobah, and of Rehob, and the men of Tob and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

Literal Standard Version
And the sons of Ammon come out, and set in array [for] battle, at the opening of the gate, and Aram of Zoba, and Rehob, and Ish-Tob, and Maacah, [are] by themselves in the field;

NET Bible
The Ammonites marched out and were deployed for battle at the entrance of the city gate, while the men from Aram Zobah, Rehob, Ish-tob, and Maacah were by themselves in the field.

New Heart English Bible
The people of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entrance of the gate: and the Arameans of Zobah and of Rehob, and the men of Tob and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

World English Bible
The children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entrance of the gate: and the Syrians of Zobah and of Rehob, and the men of Tob and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Bene-Ammon come out, and set battle in array, at the opening of the gate, and Aram of Zoba, and Rehob, and Ish-Tob, and Maacah, are by themselves in the field;

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Messengers Disgraced
7On hearing this, David sent Joab and the entire army of mighty men. 8The Ammonites marched out and arrayed themselves for battle at the entrance of the city gate, while the Arameans of Zobah and Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the open country.

Cross References
Judges 11:3
So Jephthah fled from his brothers and settled in the land of Tob, where worthless men gathered around him and traveled with him.

Judges 11:5
and made war with them, the elders of Gilead went to get Jephthah from the land of Tob.

2 Samuel 10:7
On hearing this, David sent Joab and the entire army of mighty men.

2 Samuel 10:9
When Joab saw the battle lines before him and behind him, he selected some of the best men of Israel and arrayed them against the Arameans.

2 Samuel 23:34
Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maacathite, Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,

1 Kings 11:24
and had gathered men to himself. When David killed the Zobaites, Rezon captained a band of raiders and went to Damascus, where they settled and gained control.

1 Chronicles 19:9
The Ammonites marched out and arrayed themselves for battle at the entrance to the city, while the kings who had come stayed by themselves in the open country.

Jeremiah 40:8
they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah--Ishmael son of Nethaniah, Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, Seraiah son of Tanhumeth, the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah son of the Maacathite--they and their men.


Treasury of Scripture

And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

1 Chronicles 19:7
So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.

Rehob

2 Samuel 10:6
And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men.

Numbers 13:21
So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath.

Joshua 19:28
And Hebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great Zidon;









(8) At the entering in of the gate.--The Ammonites and their allies formed separate armies, the former taking their stand immediately before the city, the latter "by themselves" at some distance, where the ground was more favourable for the man?uvres of their chariots.

Verse 8. - The Syrians... were by themselves in the field. We learn from 1 Chronicles 19:7 that the rendezvous of the Arameans was at Medeba, a small town situated upon a hill in the Mishor, or treeless prairie land, called "the plain" in Joshua 13:16. As it was four miles southeast of Heshbon, and more than twenty miles distant from Rabbah, it is plain that they were marching northward, and that Joab was only just in time to prevent a junction of the two armies. The Ammonites, who were expecting their allies, and knew of their approach, had come outside of Rabbah, but had only posted themselves in fighting order "at the entering in of the gate."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The Ammonites
בְּנֵ֣י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

marched out
וַיֵּֽצְאוּ֙ (way·yê·ṣə·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

and arrayed themselves
וַיַּעַרְכ֥וּ (way·ya·‘ar·ḵū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 6186: To set in a, row, arrange, put in order

for battle
מִלְחָמָ֖ה (mil·ḥā·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4421: A battle, war

at the entrance
פֶּ֣תַח (pe·ṯaḥ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6607: An opening, door, entrance way

to their city gate,
הַשָּׁ֑עַר (haš·šā·‘ar)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 8179: An opening, door, gate

while the Arameans
וַאֲרַ֨ם (wa·’ă·ram)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 758: Aram -- Syria

of Zobah
צוֹבָ֤א (ṣō·w·ḇā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 6678: Zobah -- an Aramean (Syrian) kingdom

and Rehob
וּרְחוֹב֙ (ū·rə·ḥō·wḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7340: Rechob

and the men
וְאִֽישׁ־ (wə·’îš-)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

of Tob
ט֣וֹב (ṭō·wḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2897: Tob -- a region East of the Jordan

and Maacah
וּמַֽעֲכָ֔ה (ū·ma·‘ă·ḵāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4601: Maacah -- an Israelite name, also a non-Israelite name, also a region in Syria

were by themselves
לְבַדָּ֖ם (lə·ḇad·dām)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 905: Separation, a part of the body, branch of a, tree, bar for, carrying, chief of

in the open country.
בַּשָּׂדֶֽה׃ (baś·śā·ḏeh)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7704: Field, land


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Ammon Ammonites Aramaeans Arameans Array Battle Bene-Ammon Children City Country Drew Entering Entrance Field Forces Formation Gate Ishtob Maacah Ma'acah Open Opening Position Rehob Syrians Themselves Tob Way Zoba Zobah
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Ammon Ammonites Aramaeans Arameans Array Battle Bene-Ammon Children City Country Drew Entering Entrance Field Forces Formation Gate Ishtob Maacah Ma'acah Open Opening Position Rehob Syrians Themselves Tob Way Zoba Zobah
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OT History: 2 Samuel 10:8 The children of Ammon came out (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 10:7
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