2 Samuel 8:13
New International Version
And David became famous after he returned from striking down eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.

New Living Translation
So David became even more famous when he returned from destroying 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt.

English Standard Version
And David made a name for himself when he returned from striking down 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt.

Berean Study Bible
And David made a name for himself when he returned from striking down eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.

New American Standard Bible
So David made a name for himself when he returned from killing 18,000 Arameans in the Valley of Salt.

King James Bible
And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.

Christian Standard Bible
David made a reputation for himself when he returned from striking down eighteen thousand Edomites in Salt Valley.

Contemporary English Version
David fought the Edomite army in Salt Valley and killed 18,000 of their soldiers. When he returned, he built a monument.

Good News Translation
David became even more famous when he returned from killing eighteen thousand Edomites in Salt Valley.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David made a reputation for himself when he returned from striking down 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt.

International Standard Version
David made a name for himself when he returned from killing 18,000 Edomites in the Salt Valley.

NET Bible
David became famous when he returned from defeating the Arameans in the Valley of Salt, he defeated 18,000 in all.

New Heart English Bible
David earned a reputation when he returned from smiting the Edomites in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
David made a name for himself by killing 18,000 Edomites in the Dead Sea region as he returned [to Jerusalem].

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David got him a name when he returned from smiting the Arameans in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men.

New American Standard 1977
So David made a name for himself when he returned from killing 18,000 Arameans in the Valley of Salt.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And David received fame when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt eighteen thousand men.

King James 2000 Bible
And David got him a name when he returned from defeating of the Edomites in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.

American King James Version
And David got him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.

American Standard Version
And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting the Syrians in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And David made himself a name: and when he returned he smote Idumea in Gebelem to the number of eighteen thousand.

Douay-Rheims Bible
David also made himself a name, when he returned after taking Syria in the valley of the saltpits, killing eighteen thousand:

Darby Bible Translation
And David made him a name when he returned, after he had smitten the Syrians in the valley of salt, eighteen thousand [men].

English Revised Version
And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men.

Webster's Bible Translation
And David made him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of Salt, being eighteen thousand men.

World English Bible
David earned a reputation when he returned from smiting the Syrians in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men.

Young's Literal Translation
And David maketh a name in his turning back from his smiting Aram in the valley of Salt -- eighteen thousand;
Study Bible
David's Triumphs
12from Edom and Moab, from the Ammonites and Philistines and Amalekites, and from the spoil of Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah. 13And David made a name for himself when he returned from striking down eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 14He placed garrisons throughout Edom, and all the Edomites were subject to David. So the LORD made David victorious wherever he went.…
Cross References
Genesis 11:4
"Come," they said, "let us build for ourselves a city with a tower that reaches to the heavens, that we may make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of all the earth."

2 Samuel 7:9
I have been with you wherever you have gone, and I have cut off all your enemies from before you. Now I will make for you a name like the greatest in the land.

2 Kings 14:7
Amaziah struck down ten thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt. He took Sela in battle and called it Joktheel, its name to this very day.

Treasury of Scripture

And David got him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.

gat him

2 Samuel 7:9
And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.

1 Chronicles 18:12
Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.

Psalm 60:1
To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim and with Aramzobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand. O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.

smiting [heb] his smiting

2 Kings 14:7
He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah by war, and called the name of it Joktheel unto this day.

2 Chronicles 25:11
And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went to the valley of salt, and smote of the children of Seir ten thousand.

being.







Lexicon
And David
דָּוִד֙ (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

made
וַיַּ֤עַשׂ (way·ya·‘aś)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

a name for himself
שֵׁ֔ם (šêm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8034: A name

when he returned
בְּשֻׁב֕וֹ (bə·šu·ḇōw)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

from striking down
מֵהַכּוֹת֥וֹ (mê·hak·kō·w·ṯōw)
Preposition-m | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

eighteen
שְׁמוֹנָ֥ה (šə·mō·w·nāh)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8083: A cardinal number, eight, eighth

thousand
אָֽלֶף׃ (’ā·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 505: A thousand

Edomites
אֲרָ֖ם (’ă·rām)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 758: Aram -- Syria

in the Valley of Salt.
בְּגֵיא־ (bə·ḡê-)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1516: A valley
(13) When he returned from smiting of the Syrians.--Possibly, from the similarity in the original between Syria and Edom (see 2Samuel 8:3; 2Samuel 8:12), the words "he smote Edom" have dropped out of the text, but this supposition is not necessary. The course of affairs appears to have been as follows:--the war was originally undertaken against the Ammonites (2Samuel 10:1-12), who had obtained the aid of the Syrians. In the first campaign their combined armies were defeated (2Samuel 10:13-14), and they sought aid from every quarter, from the tribes beyond the Euphrates, on the north (2Samuel 10:16), and from the Edomites on the south. David first inflicted a crushing defeat upon the allies near Hamath, and then "returned" to the south, where he again met them in "the valley of salt"--the Arabalt south of the Dead Sea, this latter army being naturally chiefly composed of Edomites, and so called in 1Chronicles 18:12, and in the title of Psalms 60, but here spoken of as Syrians because the whole confederacy is called by the name of its most powerful member. David himself returned from the southern campaign; but what was done by his general, Abishai, under his orders, is naturally said to have been done by him. Meantime, when this first battle, attended with the slaughter of 18,000 men, had been won by Abishai, Joab, the general-in-chief, being set free by the victories in the north, gained another battle in the same locality, killing 12,000 (Psalms 60, title). The power of Edom was now completely broken, and the whole forces of Israel were mustered under Joab to overrun their country and destroy all its male inhabitants (1Kings 11:15-16), certain of them, however, excepted (1Kings 11:17), and their descendants in after ages were relentless foes of Israel. (Comp. the prophecy of Isaac, Genesis 27:40.)

In this summary of David's reign the historian here turns from his wars and victories over other nations to the internal affairs of his kingdom. Substantially the same list of officers is again given in 2Samuel 20:23-26.

Verse 13. - From smiting of the Syrians; Hebrew, of Aram. Here "Edom" is certainly right (see 1 Chronicles 18:12), unless we accept Keil's conjecture, and suppose that "he smote Edom" has dropped out of the text, and must be inserted. In the superscription of Psalm we find the wars with Aram-Naharaim (Mesopotamia) and Aram-Zobah coupled with this smiting of Edom in the valley of salt, which lay to the south of the Dead Sea, and was a fatal place to the Edomitos in their war subsequently with Amaziah (2 Kings 14:7). Such a double victory over the Arameans first, and immediately afterwards over Edom, would account for the "name," that is, the reputation, which David gained. The course of events seems to have been as follows. The Edomites, believing that David was engaged in a struggle beyond his powers with the Syrians, took the opportunity to invade Israel. But the campaign in Aram was quickly decided, and David was able to send Abishai with a detachment of his forces to repel the Edomites. On hearing of his approach, they retired before him, and, making a stand in their own territories, were defeated in the valley of salt, with the loss of eighteen thousand men (1 Chronicles 18:12). In this place the victory is ascribed to David, because it was won by his general acting under his orders. For some unexplained reason, the feelings of the Israelites against Edom were very vindictive, and Joab followed with larger forces, and not only slew twelve thousand in a second battle (Psalm 60, title), but remained six months in the country, ruthlessly putting every male to death (1 Kings 11:15, 16). From this time the Edomites and Israelites were implacable foes, and in later Jewish literature the Jews gave vent to their intense hatred of the Roman empire by giving it the name of Edom. 8:9-14 All the precious things David was master of, were dedicated things; they were designed for building the temple. The idols of gold David destroyed, 2Sa 5:21, but the vessels of gold he dedicated. Thus, in the conquest of a soul by the grace of the Son of David, what stands in opposition to God must be destroyed, every lust must be mortified and crucified, but what may glorify him must be dedicated; thus the property of it is altered. God employs his servants in various ways; some, as David, in spiritual battles; others, as Solomon, in spiritual buildings; and one prepares work for the other, that God may have the glory of all.
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Alphabetical: a after And Arameans became David down Edomites eighteen famous for from he himself in killing made name of returned Salt So striking the thousand Valley when

OT History: 2 Samuel 8:13 David got him a name when he (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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