Psalm 60:1
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New International Version
For the director of music. To the tune of "The Lily of the Covenant." A miktam of David. For teaching. When he fought Aram Naharaim and Aram Zobah, and when Joab returned and struck down twelve thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt. You have rejected us, God, and burst upon us; you have been angry--now restore us!

New Living Translation
For the choir director: A psalm of David useful for teaching, regarding the time David fought Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and killed 12,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. To be sung to the tune "Lily of the Testimony." You have rejected us, O God, and broken our defenses. You have been angry with us; now restore us to your favor.

English Standard Version
O God, you have rejected us, broken our defenses; you have been angry; oh, restore us.

Berean Study Bible
For the choirmaster. To the tune of “The Lily of Testimony.” A Miktam of David for instruction. When he fought Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and struck down 12,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. You have rejected us, O God; You have broken us; You have been angry; restore us!

New American Standard Bible
For the choir director; according to Shushan Eduth. A Mikhtam of David, to teach; when he struggled with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, and Joab returned, and smote twelve thousand of Edom in the Valley of Salt. O God, You have rejected us. You have broken us; You have been angry; O, restore us.

King James Bible
To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim and with Aramzobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand. O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.

Christian Standard Bible
God, you have rejected us; you have broken us down; you have been angry. Restore us!

Contemporary English Version
You, God, are angry with us! We are rejected and crushed. Make us strong again!

Good News Translation
You have rejected us, God, and defeated us; you have been angry with us--but now turn back to us.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For the choir director: according to "The Lily of Testimony." A Davidic Miktam for teaching. When he fought with Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and struck Edom in the Valley of Salt, killing 12,000. God, You have rejected us; You have broken out against us; You have been angry. Restore us!

International Standard Version
God, you have cast us off; you have breached our defenses and you have become enraged. Return to us!

NET Bible
For the music director; according to the shushan-eduth style; a prayer of David written to instruct others. It was written when he fought against Aram Naharaim and Aram-Zobah. That was when Joab turned back and struck down 12,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. O God, you have rejected us. You suddenly turned on us in your anger. Please restore us!

New Heart English Bible
[For the Chief Musician. To the tune of "The Lily of the Covenant." A teaching poem by David, when he fought with Aram Naharaim and with Aram Zobah, and Joab returned, and killed twelve thousand of Edom in the Valley of Salt.] God, you have rejected us. You have broken us down. You have been angry. Restore us, again.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
God, you have forgotten us, and you have driven us out and you have been provoked with us!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[For the choir director; according to [shushan eduth]; a [miktam] by David; for teaching. When David fought Aram Naharaim and Aram Zobah, and [when] Joab came back and killed 12,000 men from Edom in the Dead Sea region.] O God, you have rejected us. You have broken down our defenses. You have been angry. Restore us!

JPS Tanakh 1917
For the Leader; upon Shushan Eduth; Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, and Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the Valley of Salt twelve thousand. O God, Thou hast cast us off, Thou hast broken us down; Thou hast been angry; O restore us.

New American Standard 1977
O God, Thou hast rejected us. Thou hast broken us; Thou hast been angry; O, restore us.

Jubilee Bible 2000
O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us; thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.

King James 2000 Bible
O God, you have cast us off, you have scattered us, you have been displeased; O turn yourself to us again.

American King James Version
O God, you have cast us off, you have scattered us, you have been displeased; O turn yourself to us again.

American Standard Version
O God thou hast cast us off, thou hast broken us down; Thou hast been angry; oh restore us again.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, for the inscription of a title, to David himself, for doctrine, when he set fire to Mesopotamia of Syria and Sobal and Joab returned and slew of Edom, in the vale of the saltpits, twelve thousand men. O God, thou hast cast us off, and hast destroyed us; thou hast been angry, and hast had mercy on us.

Darby Bible Translation
{To the chief Musician. On Shushan. Testimony. Michtam of David; to teach: when he strove with the Syrians of Mesopotamia, and the Syrians of Zobah, and Joab returned, and smote the Edomites in the valley of salt, twelve thousand.} O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased: restore us again.

English Revised Version
For the Chief Musician; set to Shushan Eduth: Michtam of David, to teach: when he strove with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, and Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the Valley of Salt twelve thousand. O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast broken us down; thou hast been angry; O restore us again.

Webster's Bible Translation
To the chief Musician upon Shushan-eduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand. O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.

World English Bible
God, you have rejected us. You have broken us down. You have been angry. Restore us, again.

Young's Literal Translation
To the Overseer. -- 'Concerning the Lily of Testimony,' a secret treasure of David, to teach, in his striving with Aram-Naharaim, and with Aram-Zobah, and Joab turneth back and smiteth Edom in the valley of Salt -- twelve thousand. O God, Thou hadst cast us off, Thou hadst broken us -- hadst been angry! -- Thou dost turn back to us.
Study Bible
Victory Through God
1For the choirmaster. To the tune of “The Lily of Testimony.” A Miktam of David for instruction. When he fought Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and struck down 12,000Edomites in the Valley of Salt. You have rejected us, O God; You have broken us; You have been angry; restore us! 2You have shaken the land and torn it open. Heal its fractures, for it is quaking.…
Cross References
2 Samuel 5:20
So David went to Baal-perazim, where he defeated the Philistines and said, "Like a bursting flood, the LORD has burst out against my enemies before me." So he called that place Baal-perazim.

2 Samuel 8:3
David also defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, who had marched out to restore his dominion along the Euphrates River.

1 Chronicles 18:3
As far as Hamath, David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah, who had marched out to establish his dominion along the Euphrates River.

Psalm 44:9
But You have rejected and humbled us; You no longer go forth with our armies.

Psalm 60:10
Have you not rejected us, O God? Will You not march out with our armies?

Psalm 79:5
How long, O LORD? Will You be angry forever? Will Your jealousy burn like fire?

Psalm 80:3
Restore us, O God, and cause Your face to shine upon us, that we may be saved.

Lamentations 5:22
unless You have utterly rejected us and remain angry with us beyond measure.

Treasury of Scripture

O God, you have cast us off, you have scattered us, you have been displeased; O turn yourself to us again.

A.M.

Psalm 59:1 Deliver me from my enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise …

when he strove

2 Samuel 8:3,12,13 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he …

2 Samuel 10:16 And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond …

1 Chronicles 18:3,12,13 And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah to Hamath, as he went to …

1 Chronicles 19:16-19 And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, …

valley

2 Kings 14:7 He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah …

2 Chronicles 25:11 And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went …

O God

Psalm 60:10 Will not you, O God, which had cast us off? and you, O God, which …

Psalm 44:9 But you have cast off, and put us to shame; and go not forth with our armies.

Psalm 74:1 O God, why have you cast us off for ever? why does your anger smoke …

Psalm 89:38 But you have cast off and abhorred, you have been wroth with your anointed.

Psalm 108:11 Will not you, O God, who have cast us off? and will not you, O God, …

1 Chronicles 28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve …

Romans 11:1,2 I say then, Has God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also …

scattered [heb.] broken

Psalm 59:11 Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by your power; …

1 Samuel 4:10,11,17 And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled …

1 Samuel 13:6,7,11,19-22 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people …

O turn

Psalm 79:9 Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of your name: and …

Psalm 89:3,7,19 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn to David my servant…

Psalm 85:4 Turn us, O God of our salvation, and cause your anger toward us to cease.

Psalm 90:13 Return, O LORD, how long? and let it repent you concerning your servants.

Lamentations 3:31,32 For the LORD will not cast off for ever…

Zechariah 10:6 And I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house …







(1) Hast scattered us.--Literally, hast broken us. A word used of a wall or fence, Psalm 80:12, but in 2Samuel 5:20 applied to the rout of an army, an event which gave its name to the locality, "plain of breaches." So in English:

"And seeing me, with a great voice he cried,

They are broken, they are broken."--

TENNYSON: Elaine.

On the other hand, the two succeeding verses seem to refer to a political convulsion rather than a military defeat, and it has been conjectured that the breach between the two kingdoms is here indicated. (See the use of perez=breach, in Judges 21:15.)

Verse 1. - O God, thou hast east us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased (comp. Psalm 44:9-11). The expressions used imply a signal defeat, which, though not mentioned in the historical books, harmonizes with the account given in 1 Kings of the severe treatment of Edom by Joab. From the fact of the defeat the psalmist infers the ground of it - God's displeasure. O turn thyself to us again; rather, O restore to us (i.e. make restoration to us) again (see the Revised Version). O God, thou hast cast us off,.... What is said in this verse, and Psalm 60:2, are by some applied to times past; to the distress of the people Israel by their neighbours in the times of the judges; to their being smitten by the Philistines, in the times of Eli and Samuel; and to the victory they obtained over them, when Saul and his sons were slain; and to the civil wars between the house of Saul and David; but rather the whole belongs to future times, which David, by a prophetic spirit, was led to on the occasion of the victory obtained, when before this the nation had been in bad circumstances. This refers to the casting off of the Jews as a church and nation, when they had rejected the Messiah and killed him, persecuted his apostles, and despised his Gospel; of which see Romans 11:15;

thou hast scattered us; as they were by the Romans among the various nations of the world, and among whom they are dispersed to this day; or "thou hast broken us" (k), as in Psalm 80:12; not only the walls of their city were broken by the battering rams of the Romans, but their commonwealth, their civil state, were broke to pieces by them. Jarchi applies this to the Romans; his note is this;

"when Edom fell by his hand (David's), he foresaw, by the Holy Ghost, that the Romans would rule over Israel, and decree hard decrees concerning them;''

thou hast been displeased; not only with their immorality and profaneness, with their hypocrisy and insincerity, with their will worship and superstition, and the observance of the traditions of their elders; but also with their rejection of the Messiah, and contempt of his Gospel and ordinances;

O turn thyself to us again; which prayer will be made by them, when they shall become sensible of their sins, and of their state and condition, and shall turn unto the Lord; and when he will turn himself to them, and turn away iniquity from them, and all Israel shall be saved, Romans 11:25; or "thou wilt return unto us" (l); who before were cast off, broken, and he was displeased with; or others to us.

(k) "rupisti nos", Montanus, Michaelis; "disrupisti", Gejerus; so Ainsworth. (l) "reverteris ad nos", Pagninus, Montanus; "reduces ad nos", Gussetius, p. 836. 1 O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.

2 Thou hast made the earth to tremble; thou hast broken it: heal the breaches thereof, for it shaketh.

3 Thou hast showed thy people hard things: thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment.

Psalm 60:1

Before the days of Saul, Israel had been brought very low; during his government it had suffered from internal strife, and his reign was closed by an overwhelming disaster at Gilboa. David found himself the possessor of a tottering throne, troubled with the double evil of faction at home, and invasion from abroad. He traced at once the evil to its true source, and began at the fountainhead. His were the politics of piety, which after all are the wisest and most profound. He knew that the displeasure of the Lord had brought calamity upon the nation, and to the removal of that displeasure he set himself by earnest prayer. "O God, thou hast cut us off." Thou hast treated us as foul and offensive things, to be put away; as mean and beggarly persons, to be shunned with contempt; as useless dead boughs to be torn away from the tree which they disfigure. To be cast off by God is the worst calamity that can befal a man or a people; but the worst form of it is when the person is not aware of it and is indifferent to it. When the divine desertion causes mourning and repentance, it will be but partial and temporary. When a cast-off soul sighs for its God it is not indeed cast off at all. "Thou hast scattered us." David clearly sees the fruits of the divine anger, he traces the flight of Israel's warriors, the breaking of her power, the division in her body politic, to the hand of God. Whoever might be the secondary agent of these disasters, he beholds the Lord's hand as the prime moving cause, and pleads with the Lord concerning the matter. Israel was like a city with a breach made in its wall, because her God was wroth with her. These first two verses, with their depressing confession, must be regarded as greatly enhancing the power of the faith which in the after verses rejoices in better days, through the Lord's gracious return unto his people. "Thou hast been displeased." This is the secret of our miseries. Had we pleased thee, thou wouldst have pleased us; but as we have walked contrary to thee, thou hast walked contrary to us. "O turn thyself to us again." Forgive the sin and smile once more. Turn us to thee, turn thou to us. Aforetime thy face was towards thy people, be pleased to look on us again with thy favour and grace. Some read it, "Thou wilt turn to us again," and it makes but slight difference which way we take it, for a true-hearted prayer brings a blessing so soon that it is no presumption to consider it as already obtained. There was more need for God to turn to his people than for Judah's troops to be brave, or Joab and the commanders wise. God with us is better than strong battalions; God displeased is more terrible than all the Edomites that ever marched into the valley of salt, or all the devils that ever opposed the church. If the Lord turn to us, what care we for Aram-naharaim or Aram-zobah, or death, or hell? but if he withdraw his presence we tremble at the fall of a leaf.

Psalm 60:2

"Thou hast made the earth to tremble." Things were as unsettled as though the solid earth had been made to quake; nothing was stable; the priests had been murdered by Saul, the worst men had been put in office, the military power had been broken by the Philistines, and the civil authority had grown despicable through insurrections and intestine contests. "Thou hast broken it." As the earth cracks, and opens itself in rifts during violent earthquakes, so was the kingdom rent with strife and calamity. "Heal the breaches thereof." As a house in time of earthquakes is shaken, and the walls begin to crack, and gape with threatening fissures, so was it with the kingdom. "For it shaketh." It tottered to a fall; if not soon propped up and repaired it would come down in complete ruin. So far gone was Israel, that only God's interposition could preserve it from utter destruction. How often have we seen churches in this condition, and how suitable is the prayer before us, in which the extremity of the need is used, as an argument for help. The like may be said of our own personal religion, it is sometimes so tried, that like a house shaken by earthquake it is ready to come down with a crash, and none but the Lord himself can repair its breaches, and save us from utter destruction.

Psalm 60:3

"Thou hast showed thy people hard things." Hardships had been heaped upon them, and the Psalmist traces these rigorous providences to their fountainhead. Nothing had happened by chance, but all had come by divine design and with a purpose, yet for all that things had gone hard with Israel. The Psalmist claims that they were still the Lord's own people, though in the first verse he had said, "thou hast cast us off." The language of complaint is usually confused, and faith in time of trouble ere long contradicts the desponding statements of the flesh. "Thou hast made us to drink the wine of astonishment." Our afflictions have made us like men drunken with some potent and bitter wine; we are in amazement, confusion, delirium; our steps reel, and we stagger as those about to fall. The great physician gives his patients potent potions to purge out their abounding and deep-seated diseases. Astonishing evils bring with them astonishing results. The grapes of the vineyard of sin produce a wine which fills the most hardened with anguish when justice compels them to quaff the cup. There is a fire-water of anguish of soul which even to the righteous makes a cup of trembling, which causes them to be exceeding sorrowful almost unto death. When grief becomes so habitual as to be our drink, and to take the place of our joys, becoming our only wine, then are we in an evil case indeed. PSALM 60

Ps 60:1-12. Shushan-eduth—Lily of testimony. The lily is an emblem of beauty (see on [601]Ps 45:1, title). As a description of the Psalm, those terms combined may denote a beautiful poem, witnessing—that is, for God's faithfulness as evinced in the victories referred to in the history cited. Aram-naharaim—Syria of the two rivers, or Mesopotamia beyond the river (Euphrates) (2Sa 10:16). Aram-zobah—Syria of Zobah (2Sa 10:6), to whose king the king of the former was tributary. The war with Edom, by Joab and Abishai (2Ch 18:12, 25), occurred about the same time. Probably, while doubts and fears alternately prevailed respecting the issue of these wars, the writer composed this Psalm, in which he depicts, in the language of God's people, their sorrows under former disasters, offers prayer in present straits, and rejoices in confident hope of triumph by God's aid.

1-3. allude to disasters.

cast … off—in scorn (Ps 43:2; 44:9).

scattered—broken our strength (compare 2Sa 5:20).

Oh, turn thyself—or, "restore to us" (prosperity). The figures of physical, denote great civil, commotions (Ps 46:2, 3).60:1-5 David owns God's displeasure to be the cause of all the hardships he had undergone. And when God is turning his hand in our favour, it is good to remember our former troubles. In God's displeasure their troubles began, therefore in his favour their prosperity must begin. Those breaches and divisions which the folly and corruption of man make, nothing but the wisdom and grace of God can repair, by pouring out a spirit of love and peace, by which only a kingdom is saved from ruin. The anger of God against sin, is the only cause of all misery, private or public, that has been, is, or shall be. In all these cases there is no remedy, but by returning to the Lord with repentance, faith, and prayer; beseeching him to return to us. Christ, the Son of David, is given for a banner to those that fear God; in him they are gathered together in one, and take courage. In his name and strength they wage war with the powers of darkness.
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Angry Aram Aram-Naharaim Aram-Zobah Broken Cast Chief Choirmaster Covenant David Displeased Edom Fought God Instruction Joab Killed Lily Michtam Miktam Musician Naharaim Poem Rejected Restore Salt Scattered Shushan Strove Teach Teaching Thousand Thyself Tune Turn Twelve Valley Zobah
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Angry Aram Aram-Naharaim Aram-Zobah Broken Cast Chief Choirmaster Covenant David Displeased Edom Fought God Instruction Joab Killed Lily Michtam Miktam Musician Naharaim Poem Rejected Restore Salt Scattered Shushan Strove Teach Teaching Thousand Thyself Tune Turn Twelve Valley Zobah
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Alphabetical: A and angry Aram been broken burst Covenant David director down Edomites For forth fought God have he in Joab Lily miktam music Naharaim now O of rejected restore returned Salt struck teaching the thousand To tune twelve upon us Valley When You Zobah

OT Poetry: Psalm 60:1 For the Chief Musician (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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