Psalm 60:1
New International Version
For the director of music. To the tune of “The Lily of the Covenant.” A miktam of David. For teaching. When he fought Aram Naharaim and Aram Zobah, and when Joab returned and struck down twelve thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt. You have rejected us, God, and burst upon us; you have been angry—now restore us!

New Living Translation
You have rejected us, O God, and broken our defenses. You have been angry with us; now restore us to your favor.

English Standard Version
O God, you have rejected us, broken our defenses; you have been angry; oh, restore us.

Berean Study Bible
For the choirmaster. To the tune of “The Lily of the Covenant.” A Miktam of David for instruction. When he fought Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and struck down 12,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. You have rejected us, O God; You have broken us; You have been angry; restore us!

King James Bible
To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim and with Aramzobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand. O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.

New King James Version
To the Chief Musician. Set to “Lily of the Testimony.” A Michtam of David. For teaching. When he fought against Mesopotamia and Syria of Zobah, and Joab returned and killed twelve thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt. O God, You have cast us off; You have broken us down; You have been displeased; Oh, restore us again!

New American Standard Bible
For the music director; according to Shushan Eduth. A Mikhtam of David, to teach; when he fought with Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned, and killed twelve thousand of Edom in the Valley of Salt. God, You have rejected us. You have broken us; You have been angry; restore us!

NASB 1995
For the choir director; according to Shushan Eduth. A Mikhtam of David, to teach; when he struggled with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, and Joab returned, and smote twelve thousand of Edom in the Valley of Salt. O God, You have rejected us. You have broken us; You have been angry; O, restore us.

NASB 1977
O God, Thou hast rejected us. Thou hast broken us; Thou hast been angry; O, restore us.

Amplified Bible
To the Chief Musician; set to [the tune of] “The Lily of the Testimony.” A Mikhtam of David [intended to record memorable thoughts and] to teach; when he struggled with the Arameans of Mesopotamia and the Arameans of Zobah, and when Joab returned and struck twelve thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt. O God, You have rejected us and cast us off. You have broken [down our defenses and scattered] us; You have been angry; O restore us and turn again to us.

Christian Standard Bible
For the choir director: according to “The Lily of Testimony.” † A Miktam of David for teaching. When he fought with Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and struck Edom in Salt Valley, killing twelve thousand. † God, you have rejected us; you have broken us down; you have been angry. Restore us!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For the choir director: according to “The Lily of Testimony.” A Davidic Miktam for teaching. When he fought with Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and struck Edom in the Valley of Salt, killing 12,000. God, You have rejected us; You have broken out against us; You have been angry. Restore us!

American Standard Version
O God thou hast cast us off, thou hast broken us down; Thou hast been angry; oh restore us again.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
God, you have forgotten us, and you have driven us out and you have been provoked with us!

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For the end, for them that shall yet be changed; for an inscription by David for instruction, when he had burned Mesopotamia of Syria, and Syria Sobal, and Joab had returned and smitten in the valley of salt twelve thousand. O God, thou hast rejected and destroyed us; thou hast been angry, yet hast pitied us.

Contemporary English Version
You, God, are angry with us! We are rejected and crushed. Make us strong again!

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, for the inscription of a title, to David himself, for doctrine, when he set fire to Mesopotamia of Syria and Sobal and Joab returned and slew of Edom, in the vale of the saltpits, twelve thousand men. O God, thou hast cast us off, and hast destroyed us; thou hast been angry, and hast had mercy on us.

English Revised Version
For the Chief Musician; set to Shushan Eduth: Michtam of David, to teach: when he strove with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, and Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the Valley of Salt twelve thousand. O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast broken us down; thou hast been angry; O restore us again.

Good News Translation
You have rejected us, God, and defeated us; you have been angry with us--but now turn back to us.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[For the choir director; according to [shushan eduth]; a [miktam] by David; for teaching. When David fought Aram Naharaim and Aram Zobah, and [when] Joab came back and killed 12,000 men from Edom in the Dead Sea region.] O God, you have rejected us. You have broken down our defenses. You have been angry. Restore us!

International Standard Version
God, you have cast us off; you have breached our defenses and you have become enraged. Return to us!

JPS Tanakh 1917
For the Leader; upon Shushan Eduth; Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, and Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the Valley of Salt twelve thousand. O God, Thou hast cast us off, Thou hast broken us down; Thou hast been angry; O restore us.

Literal Standard Version
TO THE OVERSEER. [SET] ON “LILY OF TESTIMONY.” A MIKTAM OF DAVID, TO TEACH, IN HIS STRIVING WITH ARAM-NAHARAIM AND WITH ARAM-ZOBAH, WHEN JOAB TURNS BACK AND STRIKES EDOM IN THE VALLEY OF SALT—TWELVE THOUSAND. O God, You had cast us off, You had broken us—had been angry! You turn back to us.

NET Bible
For the music director; according to the shushan-eduth style; a prayer of David written to instruct others. It was written when he fought against Aram Naharaim and Aram-Zobah. That was when Joab turned back and struck down 12,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. O God, you have rejected us. You suddenly turned on us in your anger. Please restore us!

New Heart English Bible
[For the Chief Musician. To the tune of "The Lily of the Covenant." A teaching poem by David, when he fought with Aram Naharaim and with Aram Zobah, and Joab returned, and killed twelve thousand of Edom in the Valley of Salt.] God, you have rejected us. You have broken us down. You have been angry. Restore us, again.

World English Bible
God, you have rejected us. You have broken us down. You have been angry. Restore us, again.

Young's Literal Translation
To the Overseer. -- 'Concerning the Lily of Testimony,' a secret treasure of David, to teach, in his striving with Aram-Naharaim, and with Aram-Zobah, and Joab turneth back and smiteth Edom in the valley of Salt -- twelve thousand. O God, Thou hadst cast us off, Thou hadst broken us -- hadst been angry! -- Thou dost turn back to us.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Victory Through God
1For the choirmaster. To the tune of “The Lily of the Covenant.” A Miktam of David for instruction. When he fought Aram-naharaim and Aram-zobah, and Joab returned and struck down 12,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. You have rejected us, O God; You have broken us; You have been angry; restore us! 2You have shaken the land and torn it open. Heal its fractures, for it is quaking.…

Cross References
2 Samuel 5:20
So David went to Baal-perazim, where he defeated the Philistines and said, "Like a bursting flood, the LORD has burst out against my enemies before me." So he called that place Baal-perazim.

2 Samuel 8:3
David also defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, who had marched out to restore his dominion along the Euphrates River.

1 Chronicles 18:3
As far as Hamath, David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah, who had marched out to establish his dominion along the Euphrates River.

Psalm 44:9
But You have rejected and humbled us; You no longer go forth with our armies.

Psalm 60:10
Have You not rejected us, O God? Will You no longer march out, O God, with our armies?

Psalm 79:5
How long, O LORD? Will You be angry forever? Will Your jealousy burn like fire?

Psalm 80:3
Restore us, O God, and cause Your face to shine upon us, that we may be saved.


Treasury of Scripture

O God, you have cast us off, you have scattered us, you have been displeased; O turn yourself to us again.

A.

Psalm 59:1
To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David; when Saul sent, and they watched the house to kill him. Deliver me from mine enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise up against me.

when he strove

2 Samuel 8:3,12,13
David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates…

2 Samuel 10:16
And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

1 Chronicles 18:3,12,13
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates…

valley

2 Kings 14:7
He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah by war, and called the name of it Joktheel unto this day.

2 Chronicles 25:11
And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went to the valley of salt, and smote of the children of Seir ten thousand.

O God

Psalm 60:10
Wilt not thou, O God, which hadst cast us off? and thou, O God, which didst not go out with our armies?

Psalm 44:9
But thou hast cast off, and put us to shame; and goest not forth with our armies.

Psalm 74:1
Maschil of Asaph. O God, why hast thou cast us off for ever? why doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?

scattered [heb.

Psalm 59:11
Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield.

1 Samuel 4:10,11,17
And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen…

1 Samuel 13:6,7,11,19-22
When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits…

O turn

Psalm 79:9
Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of thy name: and deliver us, and purge away our sins, for thy name's sake.

Psalm 89:3,7,19
I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant, …









(1) Hast scattered us.--Literally, hast broken us. A word used of a wall or fence, Psalm 80:12, but in 2Samuel 5:20 applied to the rout of an army, an event which gave its name to the locality, "plain of breaches." So in English:

"And seeing me, with a great voice he cried,

They are broken, they are broken."--

TENNYSON: Elaine.

On the other hand, the two succeeding verses seem to refer to a political convulsion rather than a military defeat, and it has been conjectured that the breach between the two kingdoms is here indicated. (See the use of perez=breach, in Judges 21:15.)

Verse 1. - O God, thou hast east us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased (comp. Psalm 44:9-11). The expressions used imply a signal defeat, which, though not mentioned in the historical books, harmonizes with the account given in 1 Kings of the severe treatment of Edom by Joab. From the fact of the defeat the psalmist infers the ground of it - God's displeasure. O turn thyself to us again; rather, O restore to us (i.e. make restoration to us) again (see the Revised Version).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
For the choirmaster.
לַ֭מְנַצֵּחַ (lam·naṣ·ṣê·aḥ)
Preposition-l, Article | Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 5329: To glitter from afar, to be eminent, to be permanent

To the tune of
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

“The Lily of Testimony.”
עֵד֑וּת (‘ê·ḏūṯ)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 7802: Shoshannim-Eduth -- Shushan-eduth

A Miktam
מִכְתָּ֖ם (miḵ·tām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4387: A technical term in psalm titles

of David
לְדָוִ֣ד (lə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

for instruction.
לְלַמֵּֽד׃ (lə·lam·mêḏ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's 3925: To exercise in, learn

When he fought
בְּהַצּוֹת֨וֹ ׀ (bə·haṣ·ṣō·w·ṯōw)
Preposition-b | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5327: To go forth, to be expelled, desolate, to lay waste, to quarrel

Aram-naharaim
נַהֲרַיִם֮ (na·hă·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 763: Mesopotamia -- 'Aram of (the) two rivers', a district of Aram (Syria)

and Aram-zobah,
צ֫וֹבָ֥ה (ṣō·w·ḇāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 760: Aram of Tsoba

and Joab
יוֹאָ֗ב (yō·w·’āḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3097: Joab -- 'the LORD is father', three Israelites

returned
וַיָּ֤שָׁב (way·yā·šāḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

and struck down
וַיַּ֣ךְ (way·yaḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5221: To strike

12,000
שְׁנֵ֖ים (šə·nêm)
Number - md
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

Edomites
אֱד֣וֹם (’ĕ·ḏō·wm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 123: The name of a condiment

in the Valley of Salt.
בְּגֵיא־ (bə·ḡê-)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1516: A valley

You have rejected us,
זְנַחְתָּ֣נוּ (zə·naḥ·tā·nū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular | first person common plural
Strong's 2186: Reject, forsake, fail

O God;
אֱ֭לֹהִים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

You have broken us;
פְרַצְתָּ֑נוּ (p̄ə·raṣ·tā·nū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular | first person common plural
Strong's 6555: To break through

You have been angry;
אָ֝נַ֗פְתָּ (’ā·nap̄·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 599: To breathe hard, be enraged

restore us!
תְּשׁ֣וֹבֵ֥ב (tə·šō·w·ḇêḇ)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again


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Angry Aram Aram-Naharaim Aram-Zobah Broken Cast Chief Choirmaster Covenant David Displeased Edom Fought God Instruction Joab Killed Lily Michtam Miktam Musician Naharaim Poem Rejected Restore Salt Scattered Shushan Strove Teach Teaching Thousand Thyself Tune Turn Twelve Valley Zobah
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Angry Aram Aram-Naharaim Aram-Zobah Broken Cast Chief Choirmaster Covenant David Displeased Edom Fought God Instruction Joab Killed Lily Michtam Miktam Musician Naharaim Poem Rejected Restore Salt Scattered Shushan Strove Teach Teaching Thousand Thyself Tune Turn Twelve Valley Zobah
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OT Poetry: Psalm 60:1 For the Chief Musician (Psalm Ps Psa.)
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