Psalm 74:1
New International Version
A maskil of Asaph. O God, why have you rejected us forever? Why does your anger smolder against the sheep of your pasture?

New Living Translation
A psalm of Asaph. O God, why have you rejected us so long? Why is your anger so intense against the sheep of your own pasture?

English Standard Version
O God, why do you cast us off forever? Why does your anger smoke against the sheep of your pasture?

Berean Study Bible
A Maskil of Asaph. Why have You rejected us forever, O God? Why does Your anger burn against the sheep of Your pasture?

New American Standard Bible
A Maskil of Asaph. O God, why have You rejected us forever? Why does Your anger smoke against the sheep of Your pasture?

King James Bible
Maschil of Asaph. O God, why hast thou cast us off for ever? why doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?

Christian Standard Bible
Why have you rejected us forever, God? Why does your anger burn against the sheep of your pasture?

Contemporary English Version
Our God, why have you completely rejected us? Why are you so angry with the ones you care for?

Good News Translation
Why have you abandoned us like this, O God? Will you be angry with your own people forever?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A Maskil of Asaph. Why have You rejected us forever, God? Why does Your anger burn against the sheep of Your pasture?

International Standard Version
Why, God? Have you rejected us forever? Your anger is burning against the sheep of your pasture.

NET Bible
A well-written song by Asaph. Why, O God, have you permanently rejected us? Why does your anger burn against the sheep of your pasture?

New Heart English Bible
[A contemplation by Asaph.] God, why have you rejected us forever? Why does your anger smolder against the sheep of your pasture?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
God, why have you forgotten me forever and have hardened your wrath against the sheep of your pasture?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[A [maskil] by Asaph.] Why, O God, have you rejected us forever? Why does your anger smolder against the sheep in your care?

JPS Tanakh 1917
Maschil of Asaph. Why, O God, hast Thou cast us off for ever? Why doth Thine anger smoke against the flock of Thy pasture?

New American Standard 1977
O God, why hast Thou rejected us forever? Why does Thine anger smoke against the sheep of Thy pasture?

Jubilee Bible 2000
O God, why hast thou cast us off for ever? Why does thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?

King James 2000 Bible
O God, why have you cast us off forever? why does your anger smoke against the sheep of your pasture?

American King James Version
O God, why have you cast us off for ever? why does your anger smoke against the sheep of your pasture?

American Standard Version
O God, why hast thou cast us off for ever? Why doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
A Psalm of instruction for Asaph. Wherefore hast thou rejected us, O God, for ever? wherefore is thy wrath kindled against the sheep of thy pasture?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Understanding for Asaph. O God, why hast thou cast us off unto the end: why is thy wrath enkindled against the sheep of thy pasture?

Darby Bible Translation
{An instruction: of Asaph.} Why, O God, hast thou cast off for ever? [why] doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?

English Revised Version
Maschil of Asaph. O God, why hast thou cast us off for ever? why doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?

Webster's Bible Translation
Maschil of Asaph. O God, why hast thou cast us off for ever? why doth thy anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?

World English Bible
God, why have you rejected us forever? Why does your anger smolder against the sheep of your pasture?

Young's Literal Translation
An Instruction of Asaph. Why, O God, hast Thou cast off for ever? Thine anger smoketh against the flock of Thy pasture.
Study Bible
Why Have You Rejected Us Forever?
1A Maskil of Asaph. Why have You rejected us forever, O God? Why does Your anger burn against the sheep of Your pasture? 2Remember Your congregation, which You purchased long ago and redeemed as the tribe of Your inheritance—Mount Zion where You dwell.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 29:20
The LORD will never be willing to forgive him. Instead, His anger and jealousy will burn against that man, and every curse written in this book will fall upon him. The LORD will blot out his name from under heaven

2 Samuel 24:17
When David saw the angel striking down the people, he said to the LORD, "Surely I, the shepherd, have sinned and acted wickedly. But these sheep, what have they done? Please, let Your hand fall upon me and my father's house."

1 Chronicles 21:17
and David said to God, "Was it not I who gave the order to count the people? I, the shepherd, am the one who has sinned and acted wickedly. But these sheep, what have they done? O LORD my God, please let Your hand fall upon me and my father's house, but do not let this plague remain upon Your people."

Psalm 18:8
Smoke rose from His nostrils, and consuming fire came from His mouth; glowing coals flamed forth.

Psalm 44:9
But You have rejected and humbled us; You no longer go forth with our armies.

Psalm 77:7
"Will the Lord spurn us forever and never show His favor again?

Psalm 79:5
How long, O LORD? Will You be angry forever? Will Your jealousy burn like fire?

Psalm 79:13
Then we Your people, the sheep of Your pasture, will thank You forever; from generation to generation, we will declare Your praise.

Psalm 85:5
Will You be angry with us forever? Will You draw out Your anger to all generations?

Psalm 89:46
How long, O LORD? Will You hide Yourself forever? Will Your wrath keep burning like fire?

Psalm 95:7
For He is our God, and we are the people of His pasture, the sheep under His care. Today, if you hear His voice,

Psalm 100:3
Know that the LORD is God. It is He who made us, and we are His; we are His people, and the sheep of His pasture.

Ezekiel 36:38
Like the numerous flocks for sacrifices at Jerusalem during her appointed feasts, so the ruined cities will be filled with flocks of people. Then they will know that I am the LORD.'"

Treasury of Scripture

O God, why have you cast us off for ever? why does your anger smoke against the sheep of your pasture?

A.

Psalm 78:1
Maschil of Asaph. Give ear, O my people, to my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth.

O God

Psalm 10:1
Why standest thou afar off, O LORD? why hidest thou thyself in times of trouble?

Psalm 42:9
I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?

Psalm 44:9
But thou hast cast off, and put us to shame; and goest not forth with our armies.

smoke

Psalm 79:5
How long, LORD? wilt thou be angry for ever? shall thy jealousy burn like fire?

Deuteronomy 29:20
The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his jealousy shall smoke against that man, and all the curses that are written in this book shall lie upon him, and the LORD shall blot out his name from under heaven.

the sheep

Psalm 79:13
So we thy people and sheep of thy pasture will give thee thanks for ever: we will shew forth thy praise to all generations.

Psalm 95:7
For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. To day if ye will hear his voice,

Psalm 100:3
Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.







Lexicon
A Maskil
מַשְׂכִּ֗יל (maś·kîl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4905: Instructive, a didactic poem

of Asaph.
לְאָ֫סָ֥ף (lə·’ā·sāp̄)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 623: Asaph -- 'gatherer', the name of several Israelites

Why
לָמָ֣ה (lā·māh)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

have You rejected us forever,
זָנַ֣חְתָּ (zā·naḥ·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2186: Reject, forsake, fail

O God?
אֱ֭לֹהִים (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

Why does Your anger
אַ֝פְּךָ֗ (’ap·pə·ḵā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 639: The nose, nostril, the face, a person, ire

burn
יֶעְשַׁ֥ן (ye‘·šan)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6225: To smoke, be angry

against the sheep
בְּצֹ֣אן (bə·ṣōn)
Preposition-b | Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6629: Small cattle, sheep and goats, flock

of Your pasture?
מַרְעִיתֶֽךָ׃ (mar·‘î·ṯe·ḵā)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4830: A pasturing, shepherding, pasturage
(1) Why hast . . .--Better, why hast thou never ceased abandoning us?

Anger.--Literally, nostril, as in Psalm 18:8, "there went a smoke from his nostril."

The sheep of thy pasture.--An expression peculiar to the Asaphic psalms and Jeremiah 23:1.

THE misery of the Jews is here at its deepest (Four Friends, p. 291). The psalmist describes Jerusalem as fallen into "perpetual ruins" (ver. 3). The temple is violated (ver. 3); its carved work is ruthlessly cut down (ver. 6); the aid of fire has been called in to destroy it, and its walls are cast down to the ground (ver. 7). Nor has Jerusalem alone suffered. The object has been to "make havoc" of Israel "altogether;" and the enemy have spread themselves, and "burnt up all the houses of God in the land" (ver. 8). The prophets have succumbed; their voices are heard no more (ver. 9). A blasphemous enemy lords it over the entire country (vers. 10, 23), and sets up its banners as signs of its dominion (ver. 4). Three periods have been assigned for the composition of the psalm:

(1) the time of the invasion of Shishak;

(2) that of the Babylonian conquest; and

(3) the early Maceabean period, or the reign of Judas Maccabaens.

In favour of the first is the ascription of the psalm in the "title" to Asaph. But all other considerations are against it. There is no evidence that Shishak ever entered Jerusalem. He certainly did not break down the carved work of the temple, or set the temple on fire, much less "cast it down to the ground." His invasion was a mere raid, and Rehoboam seems to have bought his retreat by the sacrifice of the temple treasury (2 Kings 14:25-28; 2 Chronicles 12:2-12). The circumstances described in the psalm are also unsuitable to the reign of Judas Maccabaeus, in whose time the temple suffered desecration at the hands of the Syrians, but was not seriously damaged, much less demolished. Thus the only date suitable for the composition of the psalm is that immediately following the capture of the city under Nebuchadnezzar. We must explain the "title" by the consideration that Asaph, like Jeduthun and Heman, became a tribe name, attaching to all the descendants of the original Asaph, and was equivalent to "sou of Asaph" (see Ezra 2:41; Ezra 3:10; Nehemiah 7:44; Nehemiah 11:22). The psalm consists of three portions:

1. A complaint to God, including a description of all the horrors of the situation (vers. 1-11).

2. An enumeration of God's mercies in the olden time, as a foundation for hope that he will yet rescue Israel (vers. 12-17).

3. An earnest prayer for relief and restoration, and the re-establishment of the covenant (vers. 18-23). Verse 1. - O God, why hast thou cast us off forever? It could only have been in the extremity of distress that a devout Israelite believed, even for a time, that Israel was "cast off forever" (comp. Psalm 79:5, which must have been written nearly at the same period as this). Why doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy pasture? God's anger "smokes" when it is hot and furious (see Psalm 18:8; Psalm 104:32; Psalm 44:5). It is now smoking "against the sheep of his pasture" - his own flock (Psalm 78:53), his peculiar people (comp. Jeremiah 23:4; Jeremiah 50:6, 17; and Psalm 79:13).

74:1-11 This psalm appears to describe the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple by the Chaldeans. The deplorable case of the people of God, at the time, is spread before the Lord, and left with him. They plead the great things God had done for them. If the deliverance of Israel out of Egypt was encouragement to hope that he would not cast them off, much more reason have we to believe, that God will not cast off any whom Christ has redeemed with his own blood. Infidels and persecutors may silence faithful ministers, and shut up places of worship, and say they will destroy the people of God and their religion together. For a long time they may prosper in these attempts, and God's oppressed servants may see no prospect of deliverance; but there is a remnant of believers, the seed of a future harvest, and the despised church has survived those who once triumphed over her. When the power of enemies is most threatening, it is comfortable to flee to the power of God by earnest prayer.
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