Psalm 55:20
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
My companion attacks his friends; he violates his covenant.

New Living Translation
As for my companion, he betrayed his friends; he broke his promises.

English Standard Version
My companion stretched out his hand against his friends; he violated his covenant.

Berean Study Bible
My companion attacks his friends; he violates his covenant.

New American Standard Bible
He has put forth his hands against those who were at peace with him; He has violated his covenant.

King James Bible
He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.

Christian Standard Bible
My friend acts violently against those at peace with him; he violates his covenant.

Contemporary English Version
My friend turned against me and broke his promise.

Good News Translation
My former companion attacked his friends; he broke his promises.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
My friend acts violently against those at peace with him; he violates his covenant.

International Standard Version
Each of my friends raises his hand against his allies; each of my friends breaks his word.

NET Bible
He attacks his friends; he breaks his solemn promises to them.

New Heart English Bible
He has stretched out his hand against those who were at peace with him. He has violated his covenant.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They stretched forth a hand against his companion and they smeared his covenant

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[My best friend] has betrayed his friends. He has broken his solemn promise.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He hath put forth his hands against them that were at peace with him; He hath profaned his covenant.

New American Standard 1977
He has put forth his hands against those who were at peace with him; He has violated his covenant.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He has put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him; he has defiled his covenant.

King James 2000 Bible
He has put forth his hands against such as were at peace with him: he has broken his covenant.

American King James Version
He has put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he has broken his covenant.

American Standard Version
He hath put forth his hands against such as were at peace with him: He hath profaned his covenant.

Douay-Rheims Bible
he hath stretched forth his hand to repay. They have defiled his covenant,

Darby Bible Translation
He hath put forth his hands against such as are at peace with him; he hath profaned his covenant.

English Revised Version
He hath put forth his hands against such as were at peace with him: he hath profaned his covenant.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath put forth his hands against such as are at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.

World English Bible
He raises his hands against his friends. He has violated his covenant.

Young's Literal Translation
He hath sent forth his hands against his well-wishers, He hath polluted his covenant.
Study Bible
Cast Your Burden upon the LORD
19God will hear and humiliate them—the One enthroned for the ages—Selah because they do not change and they have no fear of God. 20My companion attacks his friends; he violates his covenant. 21His speech is smooth as butter, but war is in his heart. His words are softer than oil, yet they are swords unsheathed.…
Cross References
Numbers 30:2
If a man makes a vow to the LORD or swears an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word; he must do everything he has promised.

Psalm 7:4
if I have rewarded my ally with evil, if I have plundered my foe without cause,

Psalm 89:34
I will not violate My covenant or alter the utterance of My lips.

Psalm 120:7
I am in favor of peace; but when I speak, they want war.

Psalm 125:3
For the scepter of the wicked will not rest upon the land allotted to the righteous, so that the righteous will not put forth their hands to injustice.

Treasury of Scripture

He has put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he has broken his covenant.

but

1 Samuel 22:17 And the king said to the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and …

1 Samuel 24:10 Behold, this day your eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered …

2 Samuel 18:12 And the man said to Joab, Though I should receive a thousand shekels …

Acts 12:1 Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex …

at peace

Psalm 7:4 If I have rewarded evil to him that was at peace with me; (yes, I …

Psalm 109:5 And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.

Psalm 120:6,7 My soul has long dwelled with him that hates peace…

broken [heb.] profaned

Psalm 89:28,34,38 My mercy will I keep for him for ever more, and my covenant shall …

2 Samuel 2:4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over …

2 Samuel 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king …

2 Samuel 14:32,33 And Absalom answered Joab, Behold, I sent to you, saying, Come here, …

2 Samuel 15:10-12 But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, …

Ecclesiastes 8:2 I counsel you to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard …

Ezekiel 17:16-19 As I live, said the Lord GOD, surely in the place where the king …







(20) He hath.--As in Psalm 55:12, the individual specially prominent in the traitorous crew is here singled out, and his treachery exposed.

He hath broken . . .--Literally, he perforated. In a note in his work on the Creed, referring to Colossians 2:14, Bishop Pearson says one mode of cancelling a bond was to drive a nail through it.

Verse 20. - He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him. Some explain "he" as "the wicked collectively," and maintain that in this verse and the next no particular person is pointed at; but it seems better to regard the psalmist as "suddenly reverting to the fixed and deepest thought in his heart - the treachery of his friend" (Canon Cook). Ahithophel had put forth his hand against such as were at peace with him." He hath broken his covenant. The covenant of friendship with David (ver. 14), not, perhaps, a formal one, but involved in the terms on which they stood one towards the other. He hath put forth his hands,.... The psalmist returns and describes, in this verse Psalm 55:3, the cruelty, perfidy, and hypocrisy of his false friend; who had stretched forth his hands

against such as be at peace with him, or he pretended to be at peace with. So Ahithophel put forth his hands against David, by whom he had been admitted into his privy council, and there had taken sweet counsel together, by entering into a conspiracy and rebellion against him, and by forming a scheme to smite the king only, 2 Samuel 17:1; and Judas, though he did not lay hands on Christ himself, yet he gave his enemies a sign by which they might know him, and seize him, and hold him fast, as they did; and him Christ calls the man of his peace, Psalm 41:9; they being at peace when he lifted up his heel against him;

he hath broken his covenant; of friendship that was made between them; he proved false and treacherous, broke through his engagements, and violated his faith. 20 He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.

21 The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords.

Psalm 55:20

The Psalmist cannot forget the traitor's conduct, and returns again to consider it. "He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him." He smites those to whom he had given the hand of friendship, he breaks the bonds of alliance, he Is perfidious to those who dwell at ease because of his friendly professions. "He hath broken his covenant." The most solemn league he has profaned, he is regardless of oaths and promises.

Psalm 55:21

"The words of his mouth were smoother than butler." He lauded and larded the man he hoped to devour. He buffered him with flattery and then battered him with malice. Beware of a man who has too much honey on his tongue; a trap is to be suspected where the bait is so tempting. Soft, smooth, oily words are most plentiful where truth and sincerity are most scarce. "But war was in his heart." He brought forth butter in a lordly dish, but he had a tent-pin ready for the temples of his guest. When heart and lip so widely differ, the man is a monster, and those whom he assails are afflicted indeed. "His words were softer than oil." Nothing could be more unctuous and fluent, there were no objectionable syllables, no jars or discords, his words were as yielding as the best juice of the olive; "yet were they drawn swords," rapiers unsheathed, weapons brandished for the fray. Ah! base wretch, to be cajoling your victim while intending to devour him! entrapping him as if he were but a beast of prey; surely, such art thou thyself! 20, 21. The treachery is aggravated by hypocrisy. The changes of number, Ps 55:15, 23, and here, enliven the picture, and imply that the chief traitor and his accomplices are in view together.55:16-23 In every trial let us call upon the Lord, and he will save us. He shall hear us, and not blame us for coming too often; the oftener the more welcome. David had thought all were against him; but now he sees there were many with him, more than he supposed; and the glory of this he gives to God, for it is he that raises us up friends, and makes them faithful to us. There are more true Christians, and believers have more real friends, than in their gloomy hours they suppose. His enemies should be reckoned with, and brought down; they could not ease themselves of their fears, as David could, by faith in God. Mortal men, though ever so high and strong, will easily be crushed by an eternal God. Those who are not reclaimed by the rod of affliction, will certainly be brought down to the pit of destruction. The burden of afflictions is very heavy, especially when attended with the temptations of Satan; there is also the burden of sin and corruption. The only relief under it is, to look to Christ, who bore it. Whatever it is that thou desirest God should give thee, leave it to him to give it in his own way and time. Care is a burden, it makes the heart stoop. We must commit our ways and works to the Lord; let him do as seemeth him good, and let us be satisfied. To cast our burden upon God, is to rest upon his providence and promise. And if we do so, he will carry us in the arms of his power, as a nurse carries a child; and will strengthen our spirits by his Spirit, so that they shall sustain the trial. He will never suffer the righteous to be moved; to be so shaken by any troubles, as to quit their duty to God, or their comfort in him. He will not suffer them to be utterly cast down. He, who bore the burden of our sorrows, desires us to leave to him to bear the burden of our cares, that, as he knows what is best for us, he may provide it accordingly. Why do not we trust Christ to govern the world which he redeemed?
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