Psalm 41:9
New International Version
Even my close friend, someone I trusted, one who shared my bread, has turned against me.

New Living Translation
Even my best friend, the one I trusted completely, the one who shared my food, has turned against me.

English Standard Version
Even my close friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me.

Berean Study Bible
Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.

New American Standard Bible
Even my close friend in whom I trusted, Who ate my bread, Has lifted up his heel against me.

King James Bible
Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.

Christian Standard Bible
Even my friend in whom I trusted, one who ate my bread, has raised his heel against me.

Contemporary English Version
My most trusted friend has turned against me, though he ate at my table.

Good News Translation
Even my best friend, the one I trusted most, the one who shared my food, has turned against me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Even my friend in whom I trusted, one who ate my bread, has raised his heel against me.

International Standard Version
As for my best friend, the one in whom I trusted, the one who ate my bread, even he has insulted me!

NET Bible
Even my close friend whom I trusted, he who shared meals with me, has turned against me.

New Heart English Bible
Even my own close friend, in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Even a man invoking my peace, in whom I trusted, ate my bread, for I trusted in him; he was very treacherous against me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Even my closest friend whom I trusted, the one who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who did eat of my bread, Hath lifted up his heel against me.

New American Standard 1977
Even my close friend, in whom I trusted, Who ate my bread, Has lifted up his heel against me.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Even the man of my peace, in whom I trusted, who ate of my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.

King James 2000 Bible
Yea, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who did eat of my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.

American King James Version
Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.

American Standard Version
Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, Who did eat of my bread, Hath lifted up his heel against me.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For even the man of my peace, in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, lifted up his heel against me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For even the man of peace, in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, hath greatly supplanted me.

Darby Bible Translation
Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I confided, who did eat of my bread, hath lifted up [his] heel against me.

English Revised Version
Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who ate of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.

World English Bible
Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who ate bread with me, has lifted up his heel against me.

Young's Literal Translation
Even mine ally, in whom I trusted, One eating my bread, made great the heel against me,
Study Bible
Blessed is He who Cares for the Poor
8“A vile disease has been poured into him; he will never get up from where he lies!” 9Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me. 10But You, O LORD, be gracious to me and raise me up, that I may repay them.…
Cross References
Matthew 26:23
Jesus answered, "The one who has dipped his hand into the bowl with Me will betray Me.

Luke 22:21
Look! The hand of My betrayer is with Mine on the table.

John 13:18
I am not speaking about all of you; I know whom I have chosen. But this is to fulfill the Scripture: 'The one who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.'

John 17:12
While I was with them, I protected and preserved them by Your name, the name You gave Me. Not one of them has been lost, except the son of destruction, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled.

2 Samuel 15:12
While Absalom was offering the sacrifices, he sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counselor, to come from his hometown of Giloh. So the conspiracy gained strength, and Absalom's following kept increasing.

Job 19:13
He has removed my brothers from me; my acquaintances have abandoned me.

Job 19:19
All my best friends despise me, and those I love have turned against me.

Psalm 55:12
For it is not an enemy who insults me--then I could endure; it is not a foe who rises against me--from him I could hide.

Psalm 55:13
But it is you, a man like myself, my companion and close friend.

Jeremiah 20:10
For I have heard the whispering of many, "Terror is on every side! Report him; let us report him!" All my trusted friends watch for my fall: "Perhaps he will be deceived so that we may prevail against him and take our vengeance upon him."

Jeremiah 41:1
In the seventh month, Ishmael son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, who was a member of the royal family and one of the king's chief officers, came with ten men to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah, and they ate a meal together there.

Jeremiah 41:2
Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the ten men who were with him got up and struck down Gedaliah son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, with the sword, killing the one whom the king of Babylon had appointed to govern the land.

Obadiah 1:7
All the men allied with you will drive you to the border; those at peace with you will deceive and overpower you. Those who eat your bread will set a trap for you, without your awareness of it.

Micah 7:5
Do not rely on a friend; do not trust in a companion. Seal the doors of your mouth from her who lies in your arms.

Treasury of Scripture

Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.

Yea

Psalm 55:12-14,20-22
For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it: neither was it he that hated me that did magnify himself against me; then I would have hid myself from him: …

2 Samuel 15:12
And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counseller, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.

Job 19:19
All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me.

mine own familiar friend [heb.

Deuteronomy 32:15
But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.

Obadiah 1:7
All the men of thy confederacy have brought thee even to the border: the men that were at peace with thee have deceived thee, and prevailed against thee; they that eat thy bread have laid a wound under thee: there is none understanding in him.

John 13:18,26,27
I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me…

lifted up [heb.







Lexicon
Even
גַּם־ (gam-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

my close friend,
אִ֤ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

whom
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

I trusted,
בָּטַ֣חְתִּי (bā·ṭaḥ·tî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 982: To trust, be confident, sure

he who shared
אוֹכֵ֣ל (’ō·w·ḵêl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

my bread,
לַחְמִ֑י (laḥ·mî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain

has lifted up
הִגְדִּ֖יל (hiḡ·dîl)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1431: To grow up, become great

[his] heel
עָקֵֽב׃ (‘ā·qêḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6119: Heel, footprint, hind part

against me.
עָלַ֣י (‘ā·lay)
Preposition | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against
(9) Hath lifted up his heel.--See margin. The meaning is, possibly, kicked violently at me. But B�ttcher's conjecture is valuable, "has magnified his fraud against me," which is supported by the LXX. and Vulg., "has magnified his supplanting of me." (For the quotation of this verse in John 13:18, see New Testament Commentary.) The rights of Oriental hospitality must be remembered, to bring out all the blackness of the treachery here described. The expressive Hebrew idiom, "man of my peace," is retained in the margin. Possibly (see Note, Obadiah 1:7) the second clause recalls another idiom, "man of my bread."

Verse 9. - Yea, mine own familiar friend (literally, the man of my peace), in whom I trusted. Here Ahithophel is almost certainly intended. He is called "the man of my peace," since he was one of David's official counsellors (2 Samuel 15:12), and consequently on the most friendly terms with him (comp. Psalm 55:13, 14). Which did eat of my bread. At Oriental courts, the king's counsellors, together with many other members of the court, habitually" eat at the king's table" (comp. 2 Samuel 9:7-13; 1 Kings 4:23, 27; 1 Kings 18:19; Nehemiah 5:17; Esther 1:10, 11; Esther 3:15, etc.). Hath lifted up his heel against me. (For Ahithophel's defection from David, and share in Absalom's conspiracy, see 2 Samuel 15:12, 31; 2 Samuel 16:15-23; 2 Samuel 17:1-23.) His conduct is here compared to that of a vicious horse, which kicks his own master. (For the relation of type and antitype between Ahithophel and Judas, see John 15:18.) 41:5-13 We complain, and justly, of the want of sincerity, and that there is scarcely any true friendship to be found among men; but the former days were no better. One particularly, in whom David had reposed great confidence, took part with his enemies. And let us not think it strange, if we receive evil from those we suppose to be friends. Have not we ourselves thus broken our words toward God? We eat of his bread daily, yet lift up the heel against him. But though we may not take pleasure in the fall of our enemies, we may take pleasure in the making vain their designs. When we can discern the Lord's favour in any mercy, personal or public, that doubles it. If the grace of God did not take constant care of us, we should not be upheld. But let us, while on earth, give heartfelt assent to those praises which the redeemed on earth and in heaven render to their God and Saviour.
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