Esther 1:10
New International Version
On the seventh day, when King Xerxes was in high spirits from wine, he commanded the seven eunuchs who served him--Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar and Karkas--

New Living Translation
On the seventh day of the feast, when King Xerxes was in high spirits because of the wine, he told the seven eunuchs who attended him--Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas--

English Standard Version
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha and Abagtha, Zethar and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus,

Berean Study Bible
On the seventh day, when the king's heart was merry with wine, he ordered the seven eunuchs who served him—Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas—

New American Standard Bible
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus,

King James Bible
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

Christian Standard Bible
On the seventh day, when the king was feeling good from the wine, Ahasuerus commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas--the seven eunuchs who personally served him--

Contemporary English Version
By the seventh day, King Xerxes was feeling happy because of so much wine. And he asked his seven personal servants, Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas,

Good News Translation
On the seventh day of his banquet the king was drinking and feeling happy, so he called in the seven eunuchs who were his personal servants, Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
On the seventh day, when the king was feeling good from the wine, Ahasuerus commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who personally served him,

International Standard Version
A week later, when the king was under the influence of all that wine, he ordered Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven eunuchs who served King Ahasuerus,

NET Bible
On the seventh day, as King Ahasuerus was feeling the effects of the wine, he ordered Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven eunuchs who attended him,

New Heart English Bible
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcass, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On the seventh day when the king was drunk on wine, he ordered Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven eunuchs who served under King Xerxes,

JPS Tanakh 1917
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Bizzetha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that ministered in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

New American Standard 1977
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of King Ahasuerus,

Jubilee Bible 2000
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven eunuchs that served in the presence of Ahasuerus, the king,

King James 2000 Bible
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

American King James Version
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

American Standard Version
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that ministered in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Now on the seventh day the king, being merry, told Aman, and Bazan, and Tharrha, and Barazi, and Zatholtha, and Abataza, and Tharaba, the seven chamberlains, servants of king Artaxerxes,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now on the seventh day, when the king was merry, and after very much drinking was well warmed with wine, he commanded Mauman, and Bazatha, and Harbona, and Bagatha, and Abgatha, and Zethar, and Charcas, the seven eunuchs that served in his presence,

Darby Bible Translation
On the seventh day, when the king's heart was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of king Ahasuerus,

English Revised Version
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that ministered in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

Webster's Bible Translation
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

World English Bible
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcass, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

Young's Literal Translation
On the seventh day, as the heart of the king is glad with wine, he hath said to Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven eunuchs who are ministering in the presence of the king Ahasuerus,
Study Bible
Queen Vashti's Refusal
9Queen Vashti also gave a banquet for the women in the royal palace of King Xerxes. 10On the seventh day, when the king's heart was merry with wine, he ordered the seven eunuchs who served him— Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carkas— 11to bring Queen Vashti before him, wearing her royal crown, to display her beauty to the people and officials. For she was beautiful to behold.…
Cross References
Judges 16:25
And while their hearts were merry, they said, "Call for Samson to entertain us." So they called Samson out of the prison to entertain them. And they stationed him between the pillars.

Judges 19:6
So they sat down and the two of them ate and drank together. Then the girl's father said to the man, "Please agree to stay overnight and let your heart be merry."

Ruth 3:7
After Boaz had finished eating and drinking and was in good spirits, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain. Then Ruth went in secretly, uncovered his feet, and lay down.

Esther 1:9
Queen Vashti also gave a banquet for the women in the royal palace of King Xerxes.

Treasury of Scripture

On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,

the heart.

Genesis 43:34
And he took and sent messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.

Judges 16:25
And it came to pass, when their hearts were merry, that they said, Call for Samson, that he may make us sport. And they called for Samson out of the prison house; and he made them sport: and they set him between the pillars.

1 Samuel 25:36,37
And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light…

Harbona.

Esther 7:9
And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon.

Harbonah.

Daniel 1:3-5,18,19
And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring certain of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the princes; …







Lexicon
On the seventh
הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י (haš·šə·ḇî·‘î)
Article | Number - ordinal masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7637: Seventh (an ordinal number)

day,
בַּיּוֹם֙ (bay·yō·wm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

when the king's
הַמֶּ֖לֶךְ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

heart
לֵב־ (lêḇ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

was merry
כְּט֥וֹב (kə·ṭō·wḇ)
Preposition-k | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 2896: Pleasant, agreeable, good

with wine,
בַּיָּ֑יִן (bay·yā·yin)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3196: Wine, intoxication

he ordered
אָמַ֡ר (’ā·mar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

the seven
שִׁבְעַת֙ (šiḇ·‘aṯ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7651: Seven, seven times, a week, an indefinite number

eunuchs
הַסָּ֣רִיסִ֔ים (has·sā·rî·sîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5631: A eunuch, valet, a minister of state

who served
הַמְשָׁ֣רְתִ֔ים (ham·šā·rə·ṯîm)
Article | Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8334: To attend as a, menial, worshipper, to contribute to

him—
אֲחַשְׁוֵרֽוֹשׁ׃ (’ă·ḥaš·wê·rō·wōš)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 325: Ahasuerus -- king of Persia

Mehuman,
לִ֠מְהוּמָן (lim·hū·mān)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4104: Mehuman -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus

Biztha,
בִּזְּתָ֨א (biz·zə·ṯā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 968: Biztha -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus

Harbona,
חַרְבוֹנָ֜א (ḥar·ḇō·w·nā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2726: Charbona -- Charbonah

Bigtha,
בִּגְתָ֤א (biḡ·ṯā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 903: Bigtha -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus

Abagtha,
וַאֲבַגְתָא֙ (wa·’ă·ḇaḡ·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5: Abagtha -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus

Zethar,
זֵתַ֣ר (zê·ṯar)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2242: Zethar -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus

and Carkas—
וְכַרְכַּ֔ס (wə·ḵar·kas)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3752: Carkas -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
(10) Was merry with wine.--The habit of the Persians to indulge in wine to excess may be inferred from Esther 1:8.

Chamberlains.--Literally, eunuchs. The names of the men, whatever they may be, are apparently not Persian. The enumeration of all the seven names is suggestive of personal knowledge on the part of the writer.

Verse 10. - When the heart of the king was merry with wine. We are told that once a year, at the feast of Mithra, the king of Persia was bound to intoxicate himself (Duris, Fr. 13). At other times he did as he pleased, but probably generally drank reason was somewhat obscured. Mehuman, etc. Persian etymologies have been given for most of these names, but they are all more or less uncertain; and as eunuchs were often foreigners, mutilated for the Persian market (Herod., 3:93; 8:105), who bore foreign names, like the Hermotimus of Herodotus (8:104-106), it is quite possible that Persian etymologies may here be out of place. Bigtha, however, if it be regarded as a shortened form of Bigthan (Esther 2:21) or Bigthana (ch. 6.), would seem to be Persian, being equivalent to Bagadana ( = Theodorus), "the gift of God." Chamberlains. Really, as in the margin, "eunuchs." The influence of eunuchs at the Persian court was great from the time of Xerxes. Ctesias makes them of importance even from the time of Cyrus ('Exc. Pera,' § 5, 9). 1:10-22 Ahasuerus's feast ended in heaviness, by his own folly. Seasons of peculiar festivity often end in vexation. Superiors should be careful not to command what may reasonably be disobeyed. But when wine is in, men's reason departs from them. He that had rule over 127 provinces, had no rule over his own spirit. But whether the passion or the policy of the king was served by this decree, God's providence made way for Esther to the crown, and defeated Haman's wicked project, even before it had entered into his heart, and he arrived at his power. Let us rejoice that the Lord reigns, and will overrule the madness or folly of mankind to promote his own glory, and the safety and happiness of his people.
Jump to Previous
Ahasuerus Carcass Chamberlains Commanded Eunuchs Heart Merry Ministered Presence Served Seven Seventh Wine
Jump to Next
Ahasuerus Carcass Chamberlains Commanded Eunuchs Heart Merry Ministered Presence Served Seven Seventh Wine
Links
Esther 1:10 NIV
Esther 1:10 NLT
Esther 1:10 ESV
Esther 1:10 NASB
Esther 1:10 KJV

Esther 1:10 Bible Apps
Esther 1:10 Biblia Paralela
Esther 1:10 Chinese Bible
Esther 1:10 French Bible
Esther 1:10 German Bible

Alphabetical: Abagtha Ahasuerus and Bigtha Biztha Carcas Carkas commanded day eunuchs from Harbona he heart high him in King Mehuman merry of On presence served seven seventh spirits the was when who wine with Xerxes Zethar

OT History: Esther 1:10 On the seventh day when the heart (Est Esth. Es) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Esther 1:9
Top of Page
Top of Page