Esther 1:14
New International Version
and were closest to the king--Karshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memukan, the seven nobles of Persia and Media who had special access to the king and were highest in the kingdom.

New Living Translation
The names of these men were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan--seven nobles of Persia and Media. They met with the king regularly and held the highest positions in the empire.

English Standard Version
the men next to him being Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king’s face, and sat first in the kingdom):

Berean Study Bible
His closest advisors were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who had personal access to the king and ranked highest in the kingdom.

New American Standard Bible
and were close to him: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who had access to the king's presence and sat in the first place in the kingdom--

King James Bible
And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)

Christian Standard Bible
The most trusted ones were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan. They were the seven officials of Persia and Media who had personal access to the king and occupied the highest positions in the kingdom.

Good News Translation
Those he most often turned to for advice were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan--seven officials of Persia and Media who held the highest offices in the kingdom.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The most trusted ones were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan. They were the seven officials of Persia and Media who had personal access to the king and occupied the highest positions in the kingdom.

International Standard Version
(His closest advisers were: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven officials of Persia and Media who had direct access to the king and who held the highest rank in the kingdom.)

NET Bible
Those who were closest to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan. These men were the seven officials of Persia and Media who saw the king on a regular basis and had the most prominent offices in the kingdom.

New Heart English Bible
and the next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven officials of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and sat first in the kingdom),

GOD'S WORD® Translation
from those closest to him-Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan. These seven officials of the Persians and Medes had access to the king and held the highest rank in the kingdom. The king asked these wise men who knew the times,

JPS Tanakh 1917
and the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and sat the first in the kingdom:

New American Standard 1977
and were close to him: Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who had access to the king’s presence and sat in the first place in the kingdom—

Jubilee Bible 2000
and the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and who sat first in the kingdom;)

King James 2000 Bible
And next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and who sat first in the kingdom;)

American King James Version
And the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)

American Standard Version
and the next unto him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and sat first in the kingdom),

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So Arkesaeus, and Sarsathaeus, and Malisear, the princes of the Persians and Medes, who were near the king, who sat chief in rank by the king, drew near to him,

Douay-Rheims Bible
(Now the chief and nearest him were, Charsena, and Sethar, and Admatha, and Tharsis, and Mares, and Marsana, and Mamuchan, seven princes of the Persians, and of the Medes, who saw the face of the king, and were used to sit first after him :)

Darby Bible Translation
and the next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, [and] Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and who sat first in the kingdom),

English Revised Version
and the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and sat first in the kingdom:)

Webster's Bible Translation
And the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and who sat the first in the kingdom;)

World English Bible
and the next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, and sat first in the kingdom),

Young's Literal Translation
and he who is near unto him is Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, Memucan, seven heads of Persia and Media seeing the face of the king, who are sitting first in the kingdom --
Study Bible
Queen Vashti Deposed
13Then the king consulted the wise men who knew the times, for it was customary for him to confer with the experts in law and justice. 14His closest advisors were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media who had personal access to the king and ranked highest in the kingdom. 15“According to law,” he asked, “what should be done with Queen Vashti, since she refused to obey the command of King Xerxes delivered by the eunuchs?”…
Cross References
Matthew 18:10
See that you do not look down on any of these little ones. For I tell you that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father in heaven.

2 Kings 25:19
Of those still in the city, he took a court official who had been appointed over the men of war and five royal advisors, as well as the scribe of the captain of the army, who enlisted the people of the land, and sixty men who were found in the city.

Esther 1:15
"According to law," he asked, "what should be done with Queen Vashti, since she refused to obey the command of King Xerxes delivered by the eunuchs?"

Jeremiah 52:25
Of those still in the city, he took a court official who had been appointed over the men of war, seven trusted royal advisers, as well as the scribe of the captain of the army, who enlisted the people of the land, and sixty men who were found in the city.

Treasury of Scripture

And the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, which saw the king's face, and which sat the first in the kingdom;)

the seven.

Ezra 7:14
Forasmuch as thou art sent of the king, and of his seven counsellers, to inquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem, according to the law of thy God which is in thine hand;

saw.

2 Kings 25:19
And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king's presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land that were found in the city:

Matthew 18:10
Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven.

Revelation 22:4
And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads.







Lexicon
His closest advisors [were]
וְהַקָּרֹ֣ב (wə·haq·qā·rōḇ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7138: Near

Carshena,
כַּרְשְׁנָ֤א (kar·šə·nā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3771: Carshena -- a person prince

Shethar,
שֵׁתָר֙ (šê·ṯār)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8369: Shethar -- a prince of Pers

Admatha,
אַדְמָ֣תָא (’aḏ·mā·ṯā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 133: Admatha -- a prince of person and Media

Tarshish,
תַרְשִׁ֔ישׁ (ṯar·šîš)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8659: Tarshish -- a son of Javan, also a port on the Mediterranean, also a Benjamite

Meres,
מֶ֥רֶס (me·res)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4825: Meres -- a Persian noble

Marsena,
מַרְסְנָ֖א (mar·sə·nā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4826: Marsena -- a Persian noble

and Memucan,
מְמוּכָ֑ן (mə·mū·ḵān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4462: Memucan -- a prince of Persia and Media

the seven
שִׁבְעַ֞ת (šiḇ·‘aṯ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7651: Seven, seven times, a week, an indefinite number

princes
שָׂרֵ֣י ׀ (śā·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of Persia
פָּרַ֣ס (pā·ras)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6539: Persia -- a country in west Asia which conquered Babylon

and Media
וּמָדַ֗י (ū·mā·ḏay)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4074: Media -- a son of Japheth, also his descendants and their land

who had personal access to
רֹאֵי֙ (rō·’ê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

the king
הַמֶּ֔לֶךְ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

[and] ranked
הַיֹּשְׁבִ֥ים (hay·yō·šə·ḇîm)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

highest
רִאשֹׁנָ֖ה (ri·šō·nāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7223: First, in place, time, rank

in the kingdom.
בַּמַּלְכֽוּת׃ (bam·mal·ḵūṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4438: Royalty, royal power, reign, kingdom
(14) Marsena.--It has been suggested that we may possibly recognise here Mardonius, the commander at Marathon; and in Admatha, Artabanus, the uncle of Xerxes.

The seven princes.--There were seven leading families in Persia, the heads of which were the king's chief advisers, the "seven counsellors" of Ezra 7:14. Herodotus (iii. 84) speaks of the seven nobles who rose against the Pseudo-Smerdis as chief in the nation.

Verse 14. - And the next unto him was Carshena, Shethar, etc. The chief native advisers of Xerxes in the early part of his reign appear to have been Mardonius (Pera Marduniya) and Artabanus (Pers, Artapana), who was his uncle (Herod., 7:5-17). It is possible that Mardonius may be here represented by Marsena, and Artabanus by Admatha; but the names could only have taken these shapes by a large amount of corruption. The other form have a general Persian air, but do not admit of even conjectural identification. The seven princes of Persia and Media. Ezra assigns to the Persian monarch seven special counsellors (Esther 7:14), and Herodotus says that there were seven leading families in Persia whose heads were specially privileged (3:84). The title, however, "princes of Persia and Media," is not found anywhere but here. Which saw the king's face. Among the privileges said by Herodotus to have been reserved to the heads of the great families, one of the most valued was that of free access to the monarch at all times, unless he were in the seraglio. 1:10-22 Ahasuerus's feast ended in heaviness, by his own folly. Seasons of peculiar festivity often end in vexation. Superiors should be careful not to command what may reasonably be disobeyed. But when wine is in, men's reason departs from them. He that had rule over 127 provinces, had no rule over his own spirit. But whether the passion or the policy of the king was served by this decree, God's providence made way for Esther to the crown, and defeated Haman's wicked project, even before it had entered into his heart, and he arrived at his power. Let us rejoice that the Lord reigns, and will overrule the madness or folly of mankind to promote his own glory, and the safety and happiness of his people.
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