1 Kings 4:5
New International Version
Azariah son of Nathan--in charge of the district governors; Zabud son of Nathan--a priest and adviser to the king;

New Living Translation
Azariah son of Nathan was in charge of the district governors. Zabud son of Nathan, a priest, was a trusted adviser to the king.

English Standard Version
Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; Zabud the son of Nathan was priest and king’s friend;

Berean Study Bible
Azariah son of Nathan was in charge of the governors; Zabud son of Nathan was a priest and adviser to the king;

New American Standard Bible
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the deputies; and Zabud the son of Nathan, a priest, was the king's friend;

King James Bible
And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

Christian Standard Bible
Azariah son of Nathan, in charge of the deputies; Zabud son of Nathan, a priest and adviser to the king;

Good News Translation
Chief of the district governors: Azariah son of Nathan Royal Adviser: the priest Zabud son of Nathan

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Azariah son of Nathan, in charge of the deputies; Zabud son of Nathan, a priest and adviser to the king;

International Standard Version
Nathan's son Azariah supervised the governors, Nathan's son Zabud the priest was the king's counselor,

NET Bible
Azariah son of Nathan was supervisor of the district governors. Zabud son of Nathan was a priest and adviser to the king.

New Heart English Bible
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, the king's friend;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[Azariah], son of Nathan, was in charge of the district governors. [Zabud], son of Nathan, was the king's adviser.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister and the king's friend;

New American Standard 1977
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the deputies; and Zabud the son of Nathan, a priest, was the king’s friend;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Azariah, the son of Nathan, was over the officers; and Zabud, the son of Nathan, was the priest and special companion of the king;

King James 2000 Bible
And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was priest, and the king's friend:

American King James Version
And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

American Standard Version
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, and the king's friend;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Ornia the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabuth son of Nathan was the king's friend.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Azarias the son of Nathan, over them that were about the king: Zabud, the son of Nathan the priest, the king's friend:

Darby Bible Translation
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the superintendents; and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, the king's friend;

English Revised Version
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was priest, and the king's friend;

Webster's Bible Translation
And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

World English Bible
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, [and] the king's friend;

Young's Literal Translation
and Azariah son of Nathan is over the officers; and Zabud son of Nathan is minister, friend of the king;
Study Bible
Solomon's Princes
4Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in charge of the army; Zadok and Abiathar were priests; 5Azariah son of Nathan was in charge of the governors; Zabud son of Nathan was a priest and adviser to the king; 6Ahishar was in charge of the palace; and Adoniram son of Abda was in charge of the labor force.…
Cross References
1 Kings 4:6
Ahishar was in charge of the palace; and Adoniram son of Abda was in charge of the labor force.

1 Kings 4:7
Solomon had twelve governors over all Israel to provide food for the king and his household. Each one would arrange provisions for one month of the year,

Treasury of Scripture

And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

son of Nathan

1 Kings 1:10
But Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon his brother, he called not.

2 Samuel 7:2
That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.

2 Samuel 12:1-15,25
And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor…

the officers

1 Kings 4:7
And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.

the principal

2 Samuel 8:18
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.

2 Samuel 20:26
And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.

the king's

2 Samuel 15:37
So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.

2 Samuel 16:16
And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, was come unto Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom, God save the king, God save the king.

2 Samuel 19:37,38
Let thy servant, I pray thee, turn back again, that I may die in mine own city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother. But behold thy servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king; and do to him what shall seem good unto thee…







Lexicon
Azariah
וַעֲזַרְיָ֥הוּ (wa·‘ă·zar·yā·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5838: Azariah -- 'Yah has helped', the name of a number of Israelites

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Nathan
נָתָ֖ן (nā·ṯān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5416: Nathan -- the name of a number of Israelites

[was] in charge of
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the governors;
הַנִּצָּבִ֑ים (han·niṣ·ṣā·ḇîm)
Article | Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5324: To take one's stand, stand

Zabud
וְזָב֧וּד (wə·zā·ḇūḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2071: Zabud -- 'bestowed', an officer of Solomon

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Nathan
נָתָ֛ן (nā·ṯān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5416: Nathan -- the name of a number of Israelites

[was] a priest
כֹּהֵ֖ן (kō·hên)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3548: Priest

and adviser
רֵעֶ֥ה (rê·‘eh)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7463: Evil, misery, distress, injury

to the king;
הַמֶּֽלֶךְ׃ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king
(5) Son of Nathan.--Probably Nathan, son of David, and own brother of Solomon (1Chronicles 3:5), is here intended; for the title Cohen, here given to Zabud, is expressly ascribed in 2Samuel 8:18 to the "sons of David;" and Nathan the prophet always has his title, "the prophet," appended to his name wherever first mentioned in this book. (See 1Kings 1:8; 1Kings 1:10; 1Kings 1:22; 1Kings 1:32, &c.)

Azariah is the "chief of the officers"--that is, chief over the twelve officers mentioned below (1Kings 4:7-19)--living, however, at Court.

Zabud, besides the title of Cohen, has that of "the king's friend," previously given to Hushai (2Samuel 15:37; 2Samuel 16:16), and apparently indicating special intimacy and wisdom as a "privy counsellor."

Verse 5. - And Azariah the son of Nathan [Azariah was clearly not an uncommon name (ver. 2, and cf. 1 Chronicles 2:39; 5:36-40 Hebrews; A.V. 1 Chronicles 6:9-14), especially in the high priest's family. Keil and Bahr pronounce somewhat positively that this Nathan is not the prophet of that name, but Nathan the son of David (2 Samuel 5:14; Luke 3:31). It is quite impossible to decide with certainty which is meant, if either, though Zechariah 12:12 undoubtedly favours the supposition that the latter is here intended] was over the officers [the twelve prefects mentioned in vers. 7 sqq.]: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer [Heb. priest, Vulg. sacerdos. Singularly, as before, the LXX. (Vat.) omits the word. The expression can hardly mean "the son of Nathan the priest," but it may either signify that "Zabud ben Nathan, a priest, was king's friend," or that (as in the A. V.) he was a priest and king's friend. But the former is every way preferable. I find it easier to believe that the true import of 2 Samuel 8:18 the passage which is cited (sometimes along with 2 Samuel 20:26, where the LXX., however, has ἱερεύς) to prove that there were secular "priests" - is not yet understood, than to hold (with Gesenius, Ewald, etc.), that there were sacrificing priests who were not of the sons of Aaron (cf. 2 Chronicles 26:18), or that the word כּהֵן, the meaning of which was thoroughly fixed and understood, can have been familiarly applied, except in the strictly conventional way already indicated, to lay persons], and [omit] the king's friend. ["This appears to have been now a recognized office (2 Samuel 15:37; 2 Samuel 16:16; 1 Chronicles 27:33)," Rawlinson.] 4:1-19 In the choice of the great officers of Solomon's court, no doubt, his wisdom appeared. Several are the same that were in his father's time. A plan was settled by which no part of the country was exhausted to supply his court, though each sent its portion.
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OT History: 1 Kings 4:5 And Azariah the son of Nathan was (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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