1 Kings 4:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Azariah son of Nathan--in charge of the district governors; Zabud son of Nathan--a priest and adviser to the king;

King James Bible
And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend:

Darby Bible Translation
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the superintendents; and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, the king's friend;

World English Bible
and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, [and] the king's friend;

Young's Literal Translation
and Azariah son of Nathan is over the officers; and Zabud son of Nathan is minister, friend of the king;

1 Kings 4:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Azariah - was over the officers - He had the superintendence of the twelve officers mentioned below; see 1 Kings 4:7.

Zabud - was principal officer - Perhaps what we call premier, or prime minister.

The king's friend - His chief favourite - his confidant.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

son of Nathan

1 Kings 1:10 But Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon his brother, he called not.

2 Samuel 7:2 That the king said to Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells within curtains.

2 Samuel 12:1-15,25 And the LORD sent Nathan to David. And he came to him, and said to him, There were two men in one city; the one rich...

the officers

1 Kings 4:7 And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household...

the principal

2 Samuel 8:18 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.

2 Samuel 20:26 And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.

the king's

2 Samuel 15:37 So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.

2 Samuel 16:16 And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, was come to Absalom, that Hushai said to Absalom, God save the king...

2 Samuel 19:37,38 Let your servant, I pray you, turn back again, that I may die in my own city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother...

1 Chronicles 27:33 And Ahithophel was the king's counselor: and Hushai the Archite was the king's companion:

Proverbs 22:11 He that loves pureness of heart, for the grace of his lips the king shall be his friend.

John 13:23 Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

John 15:14,15 You are my friends, if you do whatever I command you...

James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which said, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed to him for righteousness...

Library
The Great Gain of Godliness
'And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, all the days of Solomon. 26. And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen. 27. And those officers provided victual for king Solomon, and for all that came unto king Solomon's table, every man in his month: they lacked nothing. 28. Barley also and straw for the horses and dromedaries brought they unto the place where the officers were,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Pride of Prosperity
While Solomon exalted the law of heaven, God was with him, and wisdom was given him to rule over Israel with impartiality and mercy. At first, as wealth and worldly honor came to him, he remained humble, and great was the extent of his influence. "Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river [Euphrates] unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt." "He . . . had peace on all sides round about him. And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

A vision of Judgement and Cleansing
'And he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him. 2. And the Lord said unto Satan, The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire? 3. Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the Angel. 4. And He answered and spake unto those that stood before Him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from him. And unto him He said,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Historical Books.
1. In the Pentateuch we have the establishment of the Theocracy, with the preparatory and accompanying history pertaining to it. The province of the historical books is to unfold its practiced working, and to show how, under the divine superintendence and guidance, it accomplished the end for which it was given. They contain, therefore, primarily, a history of God's dealings with the covenant people under the economy which he had imposed upon them. They look at the course of human events on the
E. P. Barrows—Companion to the Bible

Cross References
1 Kings 4:6
Ahishar--palace administrator; Adoniram son of Abda--in charge of forced labor.

1 Kings 4:7
Solomon had twelve district governors over all Israel, who supplied provisions for the king and the royal household. Each one had to provide supplies for one month in the year.

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Adviser Authority Azariah Azari'ah Charge Chief Country Deputies Different District Divisions Friend King's Minister Nathan Officer Officers Personal Priest Principal s Superintendents
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