Esther 1:20
New International Version
Then when the king's edict is proclaimed throughout all his vast realm, all the women will respect their husbands, from the least to the greatest."

New Living Translation
When this decree is published throughout the king's vast empire, husbands everywhere, whatever their rank, will receive proper respect from their wives!"

English Standard Version
So when the decree made by the king is proclaimed throughout all his kingdom, for it is vast, all women will give honor to their husbands, high and low alike.”

Berean Study Bible
The edict the king issues will be heard throughout his vast kingdom—and so all women, from the least to the greatest, will honor their husbands.”

New American Standard Bible
"When the king's edict which he will make is heard throughout all his kingdom, great as it is, then all women will give honor to their husbands, great and small."

King James Bible
And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.

Christian Standard Bible
The decree the king issues will be heard throughout his vast kingdom, so all women will honor their husbands, from the greatest to the least."

Contemporary English Version
When the women in your great kingdom hear about this new law, they will respect their husbands, no matter if they are rich or poor.

Good News Translation
When your proclamation is made known all over this huge empire, every woman will treat her husband with proper respect, whether he's rich or poor."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The decree the king issues will be heard throughout his vast kingdom, so all women will honor their husbands, from the least to the greatest."

International Standard Version
When the edict of the king that he issues is heard throughout his kingdom—for it's vast—then all the women will give honor to their husbands, from the greatest to the least important."

NET Bible
And let the king's decision which he will enact be disseminated throughout all his kingdom, vast though it is. Then all the women will give honor to their husbands, from the most prominent to the lowly."

New Heart English Bible
When the king's decree which he shall make is published throughout all his kingdom (for it is great), all the wives will give their husbands honor, both great and small."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When you issue your decree, your whole kingdom, great as it is, will hear it. Then all the wives will honor their husbands, regardless of their status."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his kingdom, great though it be, all the wives will give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.'

New American Standard 1977
“And when the king’s edict which he shall make is heard throughout all his kingdom, great as it is, then all women will give honor to their husbands, great and small.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And this sentence which the king shall make shall be heard throughout all his empire, although it is great, and all the wives shall give their husbands honour, from the greatest to the least.

King James 2000 Bible
And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honor, both to great and small.

American King James Version
And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honor, both to great and small.

American Standard Version
And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his kingdom (for it is great), all the wives will give to their husbands honor, both to great and small.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And let the law of the king which he shall have made, be widely proclaimed, in his kingdom: and so shall all the women give honour to their husbands, from the poor even to the rich.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And let this be published through all the provinces of thy empire, (which is very wide,) and let all wives, as well of the greater as of the lesser, give honour to their husbands.

Darby Bible Translation
and when the king's edict which he shall make shall be heard throughout his realm -- for it is great -- all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, from the greatest to the least.

English Revised Version
And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his kingdom, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives will give to their husbands honor, both to great and small.

World English Bible
When the king's decree which he shall make is published throughout all his kingdom (for it is great), all the wives will give their husbands honor, both great and small."

Young's Literal Translation
and the sentence of the king that he maketh hath been heard in all his kingdom -- for it is great -- and all the wives give honour to their husbands, from great even unto small.'
Study Bible
Queen Vashti Deposed
19So if it pleases the king, let him issue a royal decree, and let it be recorded in the laws of Persia and Media so that it cannot be repealed, that Vashti shall never again enter the presence of King Xerxes, and her royal position shall be given to a woman more worthy than she. 20The edict the king issues will be heard throughout his vast kingdom— and so all women, from the least to the greatest, will honor their husbands.” 21The king and his princes were pleased with this counsel; so the king did as Memucan had advised.…
Cross References
Ephesians 5:22
Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord.

Colossians 3:18
Wives, submit to your husbands, as is fitting in the Lord.

Esther 1:21
The king and his princes were pleased with this counsel; so the king did as Memucan had advised.

Esther 2:1
Some time later, when the anger of King Xerxes had subsided, he recalled Vashti and what she had done, and what had been decreed against her.

Treasury of Scripture

And when the king's decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honor, both to great and small.

throughout.

Deuteronomy 17:13
And all the people shall hear, and fear, and do no more presumptuously.

Deuteronomy 21:21
And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shalt thou put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.

all the wives.

Ephesians 5:33
Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the wife see that she reverence her husband.

Colossians 3:18
Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as it is fit in the Lord.

1 Peter 3:1-7
Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives; …







Lexicon
The edict
פִּתְגָ֨ם (piṯ·ḡām)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6599: An edict, decree

the king
הַמֶּ֤לֶךְ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

issues
יַעֲשֶׂה֙ (ya·‘ă·śeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

will be heard
וְנִשְׁמַע֩ (wə·niš·ma‘)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

throughout
בְּכָל־ (bə·ḵāl)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

his vast
רַבָּ֖ה (rab·bāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7227: Much, many, great

kingdom—
מַלְכוּת֔וֹ (mal·ḵū·ṯōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4438: Royalty, royal power, reign, kingdom

and so
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

all
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

women,
הַנָּשִׁ֗ים (han·nā·šîm)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

from the least
קָטָֽן׃ (qā·ṭān)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6996: Small, young, unimportant

to
וְעַד־ (wə·‘aḏ-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the greatest,
לְמִגָּד֖וֹל (lə·mig·gā·ḏō·wl)
Preposition-l, Preposition-m | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

will honor
יִתְּנ֤וּ (yit·tə·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

their husbands.”
לְבַעְלֵיהֶ֔ן (lə·ḇa‘·lê·hen)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1167: A master, a husband, owner
Verse 20. - The king's decree. The "commandment" of the preceding verse is here given the formal name of pithgam, "decree," which is a Persian word, used also in Ezra (Ezra 4:17; Ezra 5:7, 11). For it is great. These words seem at first sight superfluous. Perhaps their force is this - Let a decree be made, and then, great as the empire is, the lesson will be taught to all: otherwise there will be many to whom it will never penetrate. 1:10-22 Ahasuerus's feast ended in heaviness, by his own folly. Seasons of peculiar festivity often end in vexation. Superiors should be careful not to command what may reasonably be disobeyed. But when wine is in, men's reason departs from them. He that had rule over 127 provinces, had no rule over his own spirit. But whether the passion or the policy of the king was served by this decree, God's providence made way for Esther to the crown, and defeated Haman's wicked project, even before it had entered into his heart, and he arrived at his power. Let us rejoice that the Lord reigns, and will overrule the madness or folly of mankind to promote his own glory, and the safety and happiness of his people.
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OT History: Esther 1:20 When the king's decree which he shall (Est Esth. Es) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Esther 1:19
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