Esther 10:1
New International Version
King Xerxes imposed tribute throughout the empire, to its distant shores.

New Living Translation
King Xerxes imposed a tribute throughout his empire, even to the distant coastlands.

English Standard Version
King Ahasuerus imposed tax on the land and on the coastlands of the sea.

Berean Study Bible
King Xerxes imposed tribute throughout the land, even to its farthest shores.

New American Standard Bible
Now King Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land and on the coastlands of the sea.

King James Bible
And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea.

Christian Standard Bible
King Ahasuerus imposed a tax throughout the land even to the farthest shores.

Contemporary English Version
King Xerxes made everyone in his kingdom pay taxes, even those in lands across the sea.

Good News Translation
King Xerxes imposed forced labor on the people of the coastal regions of his empire as well as on those of the interior.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
King Ahasuerus imposed a tax throughout the land even to the farthest shores.

International Standard Version
King Ahasuerus imposed tribute on the land and on the islands of the sea.

NET Bible
King Ahasuerus then imposed forced labor on the land and on the coastlands of the sea.

New Heart English Bible
King Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land, and on the islands of the sea.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
King Xerxes levied a tax on the country and the islands of the sea.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea.

New American Standard 1977
Now King Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land and on the coastlands of the sea.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And King Ahasuerus laid tribute upon the land and upon the isles of the sea.

King James 2000 Bible
And king Ahasuerus imposed tribute upon the land, and upon the coastlands of the sea.

American King James Version
And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land, and on the isles of the sea.

American Standard Version
And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the king levied a tax upon his kingdom both by land and sea.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And king Assuerus made all the land, and all the islands of the sea tributary.

Darby Bible Translation
And king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land and the isles of the sea.

English Revised Version
And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea.

World English Bible
King Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land, and on the islands of the sea.

Young's Literal Translation
And the king Ahasuerus setteth a tribute on the land and the isles of the sea;
Study Bible
Tribute to Xerxes and Mordecai
1King Xerxes imposed tribute throughout the land, even to its farthest shores. 2And all of Mordecai's powerful and magnificent accomplishments, together with the full account of the greatness to which the king had raised him, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Media and Persia?…
Cross References
Genesis 10:5
From these, the maritime peoples separated into their territories, according to their languages, by clans within their nations.

Isaiah 11:11
On that day the Lord will extend His hand a second time to recover the remnant of His people from Assyria, from Egypt, from Pathros, from Cush, from Elam, from Shinar, from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

Isaiah 24:15
Therefore glorify the LORD in the east. Extol the name of the LORD, the God of Israel in the islands of the sea.

Treasury of Scripture

And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land, and on the isles of the sea.

laid a tribute.

Esther 1:1
Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:)

Esther 8:9
Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.

Luke 2:1
And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.

the isles.

Genesis 10:5
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

Psalm 72:10
The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts.

Isaiah 24:15
Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.







Lexicon
King
הַמֶּ֨לֶךְ (ham·me·leḵ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

Xerxes
אֲחַשְׁוֵר֧וֹשׁ ׀ (’ă·ḥaš·wê·rō·wōš)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 325: Ahasuerus -- king of Persia

imposed
וַיָּשֶׂם֩ (way·yā·śem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

tribute
מַ֛ס (mas)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4522: Body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom

throughout
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the land,
הָאָ֖רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

even to its farthest shores.
וְאִיֵּ֥י (wə·’î·yê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 339: A habitable spot, dry land, a coast, an island
X.

(1) Laid a tribute.--The disastrous expedition to Greece must have taxed the resources of the empire to the utmost, and fresh tribute would therefore be requisite to fill the exhausted coffers. Besides this, a harassing war was still going on, even ten years after the battle of Salamis, on the coast of Asia Minor, and this would require fresh supplies.

The isles of the sea.--The chief island yet remaining to the Persian Empire was Cyprus. Those in the 'gean Sea were now free from Persian rule, but possibly, even after the loss, the old phrase may have been retained; just as in modern times we have Kings of "England, France, and Ireland," and of "the two Sicilies, and Jerusalem" &c.

Verse 1. - King Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land. Darius, the son of Hystaspes, was the first to do this (Herod., 3:89); but, as the tribute had to be rearranged from time to time (ibid., 6:42), any subsequent Persian monarch who made a fresh arrangement might be said to "lay a tribute on the land." Xerxes is not unlikely to have done so after his return from Greece, as he had lost portions of his territories. And on the islands of the sea. The Hebrew expression translated by "islands of the sea" includes maritime tracts. Xerxes by the Greek expedition lost the islands of the AEgean, but still held certain tracts upon the coast of Europe, which were occupied for a considerable time by Persian garrisons (Herod., 7:106, 107). These would necessarily be included in any assessment that he may have made, and it is even not unlikely that Xerxes would lay his assessment on the AEgean islands, though he might not be able to collect it. 10:1-3 Greatness of Ahasuerus-Mordecai's advancement. - Many instances of the grandeur of Ahasuerus might have been given: these were written in the Persian chronicles, which are long since lost, while the sacred writings will live till time shall be no more. The concerns of the despised worshippers of the Lord are deemed more important by the Holy Spirit, than the exploits of the most illustrious monarch on earth. Mordecai was truly great, and his greatness gave him opportunities of doing the more good. He did not disown his people the Jews, and no doubt kept to the true religion. He did not seek his own wealth, but the welfare of his people. Few have it in their power to do so much good as Mordecai; but all have it in their power to do hurt, and who has it not in his power to do some good? We are not required to do what is not in our power, or is unsuited to our station; but all are bound to live under the influence of the tempers displayed in the saints, whose examples are recorded in the Bible. If we live by the faith of Christ, we shall be active according to the ability and opportunities he gives us, in promoting his glory and the best interests of men. If our faith be genuine, it will work by love. Wait in faith and prayer, and the event will be safe and glorious; our salvation is sure, through our Lord Jesus Christ.
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