Esther 9:31
New International Version
to establish these days of Purim at their designated times, as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had decreed for them, and as they had established for themselves and their descendants in regard to their times of fasting and lamentation.

New Living Translation
These letters established the Festival of Purim--an annual celebration of these days at the appointed time, decreed by both Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther. (The people decided to observe this festival, just as they had decided for themselves and their descendants to establish the times of fasting and mourning.)

English Standard Version
that these days of Purim should be observed at their appointed seasons, as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther obligated them, and as they had obligated themselves and their offspring, with regard to their fasts and their lamenting.

Berean Study Bible
in order to confirm these days of Purim at their appointed time, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established them and had committed themselves and their descendants to the times of fasting and lamentation.

New American Standard Bible
to establish these days of Purim at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their descendants with instructions for their times of fasting and their lamentations.

King James Bible
To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

Christian Standard Bible
in order to confirm these days of Purim at their proper time just as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had established them and just as they had committed themselves and their descendants to the practices of fasting and lamentation.

Contemporary English Version
You and your descendants must always remember to celebrate Purim at the time and in the way that we have said. You must also follow the instructions that we have given you about mourning and going without eating.

Good News Translation
and directed them and their descendants to observe the days of Purim at the proper time, just as they had adopted rules for the observance of fasts and times of mourning. This was commanded by both Mordecai and Queen Esther.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
in order to confirm these days of Purim at their proper time just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established them and just as they had committed themselves and their descendants to the practices of fasting and lamentation.

International Standard Version
establishing these days of Purim at the prescribed time, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established, and just as the Jewish people had established for themselves and for their descendants. The letter included instructions for their fasting and lamentations.

NET Bible
to establish these days of Purim in their proper times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established, and just as they had established both for themselves and their descendants, matters pertaining to fasting and lamentation.

New Heart English Bible
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had decreed, and as they had imposed upon themselves and their descendants, in the matter of the fastings and their cry.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He did this in order to establish these days of Purim at the appointed time. Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther established them for themselves, as they had established for themselves and their descendants the practices of fasting with sadness.

JPS Tanakh 1917
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had ordained for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

New American Standard 1977
to establish these days of Purim at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their descendants with instructions for their times of fasting and their lamentations.

Jubilee Bible 2000
to confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai, the Jew, and Esther, the queen, had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the words of the fastings and their cry.

King James 2000 Bible
To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their descendants, concerning the matters of the fastings and their lamentations.

American King James Version
To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

American Standard Version
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had ordained for themselves and for their seed, in the matter of the fastings and their cry.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Mardochaeus and Esther the queen appointed a fast for themselves privately, even at that time also having formed their plan against their own health.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And observe the days of lots, and celebrate them with joy in their proper time: as Mardochai and Esther had appointed, and they undertook them to be observed by themselves and by their seed, fasts, and cries, and the days of lots,

Darby Bible Translation
to confirm these days of Purim in their fixed times, according as Mordecai the Jew and queen Esther had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, as to the matters of the fastings and their cry.

English Revised Version
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had ordained for themselves and for their seed, in the matter of the fastings and their cry.

Webster's Bible Translation
To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

World English Bible
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had decreed, and as they had imposed upon themselves and their descendants, in the matter of the fastings and their cry.

Young's Literal Translation
to establish these days of Purim, in their seasons, as Mordecai the Jew hath established on them, and Esther the queen, and as they had established on themselves, and on their seed -- matters of the fastings, and of their cry.
Study Bible
The Feast of Purim Instituted
30And Mordecai sent letters with words of peace and truth to all the Jews in the 127 provinces of the kingdom of Xerxes, 31in order to confirm these days of Purim at their appointed time, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established them and had committed themselves and their descendants to the times of fasting and lamentation. 32So Esther’s decree confirmed these regulations about Purim, which were written into the record.…
Cross References
2 Chronicles 35:25
Then Jeremiah lamented over Josiah, and to this day all the choirs of men and women sing laments over Josiah. They established them as a statute for Israel, and indeed they are written in the Book of Laments.

Esther 4:3
In every province to which the king's command and edict came, there was great mourning among the Jews. They fasted, wept, and lamented, and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.

Treasury of Scripture

To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

the hundred.

Esther 1:1
Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:)

Esther 8:9
Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.

words of peace.

Isaiah 39:8
Then said Hezekiah to Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which thou hast spoken. He said moreover, For there shall be peace and truth in my days.

Zechariah 8:19
Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The fast of the fourth month, and the fast of the fifth, and the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth, shall be to the house of Judah joy and gladness, and cheerful feasts; therefore love the truth and peace.







Lexicon
in order to confirm
לְקַיֵּ֡ם (lə·qay·yêm)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

these
הָאֵ֜לֶּה (hā·’êl·leh)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those

days
יְמֵי֩ (yə·mê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

of Purim
הַפֻּרִ֨ים (hap·pu·rîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6332: a lot', a Jewish feast

at their [appointed] time,
בִּזְמַנֵּיהֶ֗ם (biz·man·nê·hem)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2165: An appointed occasion

just as
כַּאֲשֶׁר֩ (ka·’ă·šer)
Preposition-k | Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

Mordecai
מָרְדֳּכַ֤י (mā·rə·do·ḵay)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4782: Mordecai -- a companion of Zerubbabel, also a cousin of Esther

the Jew
הַיְּהוּדִי֙ (hay·yə·hū·ḏî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3064: Jews -- Jewish

and Queen
הַמַּלְכָּ֔ה (ham·mal·kāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4436: Queen -- a queen

Esther
וְאֶסְתֵּ֣ר (wə·’es·têr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 635: Esther -- 'star', Ahasuerus' queen who delivered Israel

had established them
קִיַּ֨ם (qî·yam)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

[and]
וְכַאֲשֶׁ֛ר (wə·ḵa·’ă·šer)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-k | Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

had committed
קִיְּמ֥וּ (qî·yə·mū)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

themselves
נַפְשָׁ֖ם (nap̄·šām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

and their descendants
זַרְעָ֑ם (zar·‘ām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2233: Seed, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity

to the times
דִּבְרֵ֥י (diḇ·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

of fasting
הַצֹּמ֖וֹת (haṣ·ṣō·mō·wṯ)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6685: Fasting, a fast

and lamentation.
וְזַעֲקָתָֽם׃ (wə·za·‘ă·qā·ṯām)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2201: A shriek, outcry
(31) To confirm . . . enjoined . . . decreed.--The same Hebrew verb stands for the three different English verbs; it is also the stablish of Esther 9:21. To fix or settle represents the meaning.

The matters of the fastings and their cry.--These words come in rather awkwardly, and hence, and because they are passed over by the LXX., some have doubted their genuineness here. All Hebrew MSS., however, and all the other ancient versions, retain the words, and we must, therefore, suppose that the Jews throughout the empire had instituted fasts and lamentations, in addition to what Mordecai's letter had enjoined, Thus we may probably connect this with the fast now observed on Adar 13.

Verse 31. - As they had decreed for themselves and their seed. "As they - i.e. the Jews generally - had decreed" (see ver. 27). The matters of the fastings and their cry. These words stand in no clear grammatical relation to the preceding, and are otherwise very difficult to explain. They are thought to allude to the establishment by the provincial Jews, apart from Mordecai and Esther, of the 13th of Adar as a day of fasting and wailing; but if so, it is strange that nothing has been previously said of this ordinance. The plural form of the word for "fastings" is also suspicious, since it does not occur elsewhere in the Old Testament. Altogether, it is perhaps most probable that the words were originally the gloss of a commentator, written in the margin, and that they have been accidentally transferred to the text. They do not occur in the Septuagint. 9:20-32 The observance of the Jewish feasts, is a public declaration of the truth of the Old Testament Scriptures. And as the Old Testament Scriptures are true, the Messiah expected by the Jews is come long ago; and none but Jesus of Nazareth can be that Messiah. The festival was appointed by authority, yet under the direction of the Spirit of God. It was called the feast of Purim, from a Persian word, which signifies a lot. The name of this festival would remind them of the almighty power of the God of Israel, who served his own purposes by the superstitions of the heathen. In reviewing our mercies, we should advert to former fears and distresses. When our mercies are personal, we should not by forgetfulness lose the comfort of them, or withhold from the Lord the glory due to his name. May the Lord teach us to rejoice, with that holy joy which anticipates and prepares for the blessedness of heaven. Every instance of Divine goodness to ourselves, is a new obligation laid on us to do good, to those especially who most need our bounty. Above all, redemption by Christ binds us to be merciful, 2Co 8:9.
Jump to Previous
Appointed Confirm Connection Cry Decreed Descendants Designated Enjoined Establish Established Esther Fasting Fastings Fasts Fixed Food Force Imposed Instructions Jew Jews Keeping Lamentations Law Matter Matters Mordecai Mor'decai Ordained Ordered Purim Queen Regard Rules Seasons Seed Themselves Time Times
Jump to Next
Appointed Confirm Connection Cry Decreed Descendants Designated Enjoined Establish Established Esther Fasting Fastings Fasts Fixed Food Force Imposed Instructions Jew Jews Keeping Lamentations Law Matter Matters Mordecai Mor'decai Ordained Ordered Purim Queen Regard Rules Seasons Seed Themselves Time Times
Links
Esther 9:31 NIV
Esther 9:31 NLT
Esther 9:31 ESV
Esther 9:31 NASB
Esther 9:31 KJV

Esther 9:31 Bible Apps
Esther 9:31 Biblia Paralela
Esther 9:31 Chinese Bible
Esther 9:31 French Bible
Esther 9:31 German Bible

Alphabetical: and appointed as at days decreed descendants designated establish established Esther fasting for had in instructions Jew just lamentation lamentations Mordecai of Purim Queen regard the their them themselves these they times to with

OT History: Esther 9:31 To confirm these days of Purim (Est Esth. Es) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Esther 9:30
Top of Page
Top of Page