Esther 9:31
New International Version
to establish these days of Purim at their designated times, as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had decreed for them, and as they had established for themselves and their descendants in regard to their times of fasting and lamentation.

New Living Translation
These letters established the Festival of Purim—an annual celebration of these days at the appointed time, decreed by both Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther. (The people decided to observe this festival, just as they had decided for themselves and their descendants to establish the times of fasting and mourning.)

English Standard Version
that these days of Purim should be observed at their appointed seasons, as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther obligated them, and as they had obligated themselves and their offspring, with regard to their fasts and their lamenting.

Berean Study Bible
in order to confirm these days of Purim at their appointed time, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established them and had committed themselves and their descendants to the times of fasting and lamentation.

King James Bible
To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

New King James Version
to confirm these days of Purim at their appointed time, as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had prescribed for them, and as they had decreed for themselves and their descendants concerning matters of their fasting and lamenting.

New American Standard Bible
to establish these days of Purim at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their descendants, with instructions for their times of fasting and their mourning.

NASB 1995
to establish these days of Purim at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their descendants with instructions for their times of fasting and their lamentations.

NASB 1977
to establish these days of Purim at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their descendants with instructions for their times of fasting and their lamentations.

Amplified Bible
to establish these days of Purim [to be observed] at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and as they had established for themselves and for their descendants with instructions regarding their times of fasting and their lamentations (expressions of needing help).

Christian Standard Bible
in order to confirm these days of Purim at their proper time just as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had established them and just as they had committed themselves and their descendants to the practices of fasting and lamentation.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
in order to confirm these days of Purim at their proper time just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established them and just as they had committed themselves and their descendants to the practices of fasting and lamentation.

American Standard Version
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had ordained for themselves and for their seed, in the matter of the fastings and their cry.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
To confirm these days of Puraya at their time, according to when Murdacai the Jew and Esthir the Queen established for them, as when they established for them and for their children the commandment and their fasting and their prayer.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Mardochaeus and Esther the queen appointed a fast for themselves privately, even at that time also having formed their plan against their own health.

Contemporary English Version
You and your descendants must always remember to celebrate Purim at the time and in the way that we have said. You must also follow the instructions that we have given you about mourning and going without eating.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And observe the days of lots, and celebrate them with joy in their proper time: as Mardochai and Esther had appointed, and they undertook them to be observed by themselves and by their seed, fasts, and cries, and the days of lots,

English Revised Version
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had ordained for themselves and for their seed, in the matter of the fastings and their cry.

Good News Translation
and directed them and their descendants to observe the days of Purim at the proper time, just as they had adopted rules for the observance of fasts and times of mourning. This was commanded by both Mordecai and Queen Esther.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He did this in order to establish these days of Purim at the appointed time. Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther established them for themselves, as they had established for themselves and their descendants the practices of fasting with sadness.

International Standard Version
establishing these days of Purim at the prescribed time, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established, and just as the Jewish people had established for themselves and for their descendants. The letter included instructions for their fasting and lamentations.

JPS Tanakh 1917
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had ordained for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

Literal Standard Version
to establish these days of Purim, in their seasons, as Mordecai the Jew has established on them, and Esther the queen, and as they had established on themselves, and on their seed—matters of the fastings, and of their cry.

NET Bible
to establish these days of Purim in their proper times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established, and just as they had established both for themselves and their descendants, matters pertaining to fasting and lamentation.

New Heart English Bible
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had decreed, and as they had imposed upon themselves and their descendants, in the matter of the fastings and their cry.

World English Bible
to confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times, as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had decreed, and as they had imposed upon themselves and their descendants, in the matter of the fastings and their cry.

Young's Literal Translation
to establish these days of Purim, in their seasons, as Mordecai the Jew hath established on them, and Esther the queen, and as they had established on themselves, and on their seed -- matters of the fastings, and of their cry.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Feast of Purim Instituted
30And Mordecai sent letters with words of peace and truth to all the Jews in the 127 provinces of the kingdom of Xerxes, 31in order to confirm these days of Purim at their appointed time, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established them and had committed themselves and their descendants to the times of fasting and lamentation. 32So Esther’s decree confirmed these regulations about Purim, which were written into the record.…

Cross References
2 Chronicles 35:25
Then Jeremiah lamented over Josiah, and to this day all the choirs of men and women sing laments over Josiah. They established them as a statute for Israel, and indeed they are written in the Book of Laments.

Esther 4:3
In every province to which the king's command and edict came, there was great mourning among the Jews. They fasted, wept, and lamented, and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.


Treasury of Scripture

To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

the hundred.

Esther 1:1
Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:)

Esther 8:9
Then were the king's scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.

words of peace.

Isaiah 39:8
Then said Hezekiah to Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which thou hast spoken. He said moreover, For there shall be peace and truth in my days.

Zechariah 8:19
Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The fast of the fourth month, and the fast of the fifth, and the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth, shall be to the house of Judah joy and gladness, and cheerful feasts; therefore love the truth and peace.









(31) To confirm . . . enjoined . . . decreed.--The same Hebrew verb stands for the three different English verbs; it is also the stablish of Esther 9:21. To fix or settle represents the meaning.

The matters of the fastings and their cry.--These words come in rather awkwardly, and hence, and because they are passed over by the LXX., some have doubted their genuineness here. All Hebrew MSS., however, and all the other ancient versions, retain the words, and we must, therefore, suppose that the Jews throughout the empire had instituted fasts and lamentations, in addition to what Mordecai's letter had enjoined, Thus we may probably connect this with the fast now observed on Adar 13.

Verse 31. - As they had decreed for themselves and their seed. "As they - i.e. the Jews generally - had decreed" (see ver. 27). The matters of the fastings and their cry. These words stand in no clear grammatical relation to the preceding, and are otherwise very difficult to explain. They are thought to allude to the establishment by the provincial Jews, apart from Mordecai and Esther, of the 13th of Adar as a day of fasting and wailing; but if so, it is strange that nothing has been previously said of this ordinance. The plural form of the word for "fastings" is also suspicious, since it does not occur elsewhere in the Old Testament. Altogether, it is perhaps most probable that the words were originally the gloss of a commentator, written in the margin, and that they have been accidentally transferred to the text. They do not occur in the Septuagint.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
in order to confirm
לְקַיֵּ֡ם (lə·qay·yêm)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

these
הָאֵ֜לֶּה (hā·’êl·leh)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

days
יְמֵי֩ (yə·mê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 3117: A day

of Purim
הַפֻּרִ֨ים (hap·pu·rîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 6332: a lot', a Jewish feast

at their [appointed] time,
בִּזְמַנֵּיהֶ֗ם (biz·man·nê·hem)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 2165: An appointed occasion

just as
כַּאֲשֶׁר֩ (ka·’ă·šer)
Preposition-k | Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

Mordecai
מָרְדֳּכַ֤י (mā·rə·do·ḵay)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4782: Mordecai -- a companion of Zerubbabel, also a cousin of Esther

the Jew
הַיְּהוּדִי֙ (hay·yə·hū·ḏî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3064: Jews -- Jewish

and Queen
הַמַּלְכָּ֔ה (ham·mal·kāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4436: Queen -- a queen

Esther
וְאֶסְתֵּ֣ר (wə·’es·têr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 635: Esther -- 'star', Ahasuerus' queen who delivered Israel

had established them
קִיַּ֨ם (qî·yam)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

[and]
וְכַאֲשֶׁ֛ר (wə·ḵa·’ă·šer)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-k | Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

had committed
קִיְּמ֥וּ (qî·yə·mū)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

themselves
נַפְשָׁ֖ם (nap̄·šām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

and their descendants
זַרְעָ֑ם (zar·‘ām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 2233: Seed, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity

to the times
דִּבְרֵ֥י (diḇ·rê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

of fasting
הַצֹּמ֖וֹת (haṣ·ṣō·mō·wṯ)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 6685: Fasting, a fast

and lamentation.
וְזַעֲקָתָֽם׃ (wə·za·‘ă·qā·ṯām)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 2201: A shriek, outcry


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Appointed Confirm Connection Cry Decreed Descendants Designated Enjoined Establish Established Esther Fasting Fastings Fasts Fixed Food Force Imposed Instructions Jew Jews Keeping Lamentations Law Matter Matters Mordecai Mor'decai Ordained Ordered Purim Queen Regard Rules Seasons Seed Themselves Time Times
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Appointed Confirm Connection Cry Decreed Descendants Designated Enjoined Establish Established Esther Fasting Fastings Fasts Fixed Food Force Imposed Instructions Jew Jews Keeping Lamentations Law Matter Matters Mordecai Mor'decai Ordained Ordered Purim Queen Regard Rules Seasons Seed Themselves Time Times
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OT History: Esther 9:31 To confirm these days of Purim (Est Esth. Es)
Esther 9:30
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