2 Corinthians 11:27
New International Version
I have labored and toiled and have often gone without sleep; I have known hunger and thirst and have often gone without food; I have been cold and naked.

New Living Translation
I have worked hard and long, enduring many sleepless nights. I have been hungry and thirsty and have often gone without food. I have shivered in the cold, without enough clothing to keep me warm.

English Standard Version
in toil and hardship, through many a sleepless night, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure.

Berean Study Bible
in labor and toil and often without sleep, in hunger and thirst and often without food, in cold and exposure.

Berean Literal Bible
in labor and toil, often in watchings; in hunger and thirst, often in fastings; in cold and nakedness.

New American Standard Bible
I have been in labor and hardship, through many sleepless nights, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure.

King James Bible
In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

Christian Standard Bible
toil and hardship, many sleepless nights, hunger and thirst, often without food, cold, and without clothing.

Contemporary English Version
I have worked and struggled and spent many sleepless nights. I have gone hungry and thirsty and often had nothing to eat. I have been cold from not having enough clothes to keep me warm.

Good News Translation
There has been work and toil; often I have gone without sleep; I have been hungry and thirsty; I have often been without enough food, shelter, or clothing.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
labor and hardship, many sleepless nights, hunger and thirst, often without food, cold, and lacking clothing.

International Standard Version
in toil and hardship, through many a sleepless night, through hunger, thirst, many periods of fasting, coldness, and nakedness.

NET Bible
in hard work and toil, through many sleepless nights, in hunger and thirst, many times without food, in cold and without enough clothing.

New Heart English Bible
in labor and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, and in cold and nakedness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
In toil and in fatigue, in many vigils, in hunger and in thirst, in many fasts, in cold and in nakedness,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Because I've had to work so hard, I've often gone without sleep, been hungry and thirsty, and gone without food and without proper clothes during cold weather.

New American Standard 1977
I have been in labor and hardship, through many sleepless nights, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure.

Jubilee Bible 2000
in labour and travail, in many watches, in hunger and thirst, in many fasts, in cold and nakedness.

King James 2000 Bible
In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

American King James Version
In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

American Standard Version
in labor and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In labour and painfulness, in much watchings, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

Darby Bible Translation
in labour and toil, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

English Revised Version
in labour and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

Webster's Bible Translation
In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

Weymouth New Testament
with labour and toil, with many a sleepless night, in hunger and thirst, in frequent fastings, in cold, and with insufficient clothing.

World English Bible
in labor and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, and in cold and nakedness.

Young's Literal Translation
in labouriousness and painfulness, in watchings many times, in hunger and thirst, in fastings many times, in cold and nakedness;
Study Bible
Paul's Suffering and Service
26In my frequent journeys, I have been in danger from rivers and from bandits, in danger from my countrymen and from the Gentiles, in danger in the city and in the country, in danger on the sea and among false brothers, 27in labor and toil and often without sleep, in hunger and thirst and often without food, in cold and exposure. 28Apart from these external trials, I face daily the pressure of my concern for all the churches.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 4:11
To this very hour we are hungry and thirsty, we are poorly clothed, we are brutally treated, we are homeless.

2 Corinthians 6:5
in beatings, imprisonments, and riots; in labor, sleepless nights, and hunger;

Philippians 4:12
I know how to live humbly, and I know how to abound. I am accustomed to any and every situation--to being filled and being hungry, to having plenty and having need.

1 Thessalonians 2:9
Surely you recall, brothers, our labor and toil. We worked night and day so that we would not be a burden to anyone while we proclaimed to you the gospel of God.

2 Thessalonians 3:8
nor did we eat anyone's food without paying for it. Instead, in labor and toil, we worked night and day so that we would not be a burden to any of you.

Treasury of Scripture

In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

weariness.

2 Corinthians 11:23
Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I am more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft.

2 Corinthians 6:5
In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings;

Acts 20:5-11,34,35
These going before tarried for us at Troas…

in watchings.

Acts 20:31
Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.

in hunger.

Jeremiah 38:9
My lord the king, these men have done evil in all that they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have cast into the dungeon; and he is like to die for hunger in the place where he is: for there is no more bread in the city.

1 Corinthians 4:11,12
Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwellingplace; …

Philippians 4:12
I know both how to be abased, and I know how to abound: every where and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need.

fastings.

2 Corinthians 6:5
In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings;

Acts 13:2,3
As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them…

Acts 14:23
And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.

nakedness.

Romans 8:35,36
Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword? …

Hebrews 11:37
They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;

James 2:15,16
If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, …







Lexicon
in labor
κόπῳ (kopō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2873: From kopto; a cut, i.e. toil, literally or figuratively; by implication, pains.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

toil
μόχθῳ (mochthō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3449: Wearisome labor, toil, hardship. From the base of mogis; toil, i.e. sadness.

[and] often
πολλάκις (pollakis)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 4178: Many times, often, frequently. Multiplicative adverb from polus; many times, i.e. Frequently.

without sleep,
ἀγρυπνίαις (agrypniais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 70: The state of being awake (at night), sleeplessness, watching. From agrupneo; sleeplessness, i.e. A keeping awake.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

hunger
λιμῷ (limō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3042: A famine, hunger. Probably from leipo; a scarcity of food.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

thirst
δίψει (dipsei)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 1373: Thirst. Of uncertain affinity; thirst.

[and] often
πολλάκις (pollakis)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 4178: Many times, often, frequently. Multiplicative adverb from polus; many times, i.e. Frequently.

without food,
νηστείαις (nēsteiais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3521: Fasting, the day of atonement. From nesteuo; abstinence; specially, the fast of the Day of Atonement.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

cold
ψύχει (psychei)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5592: Cold. From psucho; coolness.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

exposure.
γυμνότητι (gymnotēti)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1132: Nakedness. From gumnos; nudity.
(27) In weariness and painfullness . . .--The same combination meets us in 2Thessalonians 3:8, where the English version has "labour and travail," as Tyndale and Cranmer have in this passage. "Weariness and painfulness" appear first in the Geneva version; toil and trouble is, perhaps, the best English equivalent. From the use of the phrase in 2Thessalonians 3:8, it probably refers chiefly to St. Paul's daily labour as a tent-maker. The "watchings" indicate the sleepless nights spent in anxiety, or pain, or prayer. "Hunger and thirst" are named as privations incident to his journeys or his labours. "Fastings," as distinguished from these, can hardly mean anything but times of self-chosen abstinence, of which we have at least two instances in Acts 13:2-3, and which would be natural in St. Paul both as a Pharisee (see Notes on Matthew 6:16, and Luke 18:12) and as a disciple of Christ (see Note on Matthew 9:15). "Cold and nakedness" seem to speak not only of lonely journeys, thinly clad and thinly shod, on the high passes from Syria into Asia Minor, but also of lodgings without fire, and of threadbare garments. The whole passage reminds us of the narrative given by an old chronicler of the first appearance of the disciples of Francis of Assisi in England, walking with naked and bleeding feet through ice and snow, clothed only with their one friar's cloak, shivering and frost-bitten (Eccleston, De Adventu Minorum). He obviously contrasts this picture of his sufferings with what the Corinthians knew of the life of his rivals, who, if they were like their brethren of Judaea, walked in long robes, and loved the uppermost places at feasts (Matthew 23:6). It had become a Jewish proverb that "the disciples of the wise had a right to a goodly house, a fair wife, and a soft couch" (Ursini. Antiqq. Hebr. c. 5, in Ugolini's Thesaurus, vol. xxi.).

Verse 27. - In weariness and painfulness; literally, in toil and travail (1 Thessalonians 2:9 2 Thessalonians 3:8). In watchings; literally, in spells of sleeplessness (Acts 20:34). In hunger and thirst (ver. 8; 1 Corinthians 4:11; Philippians 4:12). In fastings often. It is not clear whether this refers to voluntary fastings (2 Corinthians 6:5; Acts 27:9) or to general destitution short of the actual pangs of hunger. In cold and nakedness. St. Paul's ideal, like that of his Master Christ, was the very antithesis of that adopted by the wealthy, honoured, and full-fed Shammais and Hillels of Jewish rabbinism, who delighted in banquets, fine garments, pompous titles, domestic comforts, and stationary ease. 11:22-33 The apostle gives an account of his labours and sufferings; not out of pride or vain-glory, but to the honour of God, who enabled him to do and suffer so much for the cause of Christ; and shows wherein he excelled the false apostles, who tried to lessen his character and usefulness. It astonishes us to reflect on this account of his dangers, hardships, and sufferings, and to observe his patience, perseverance, diligence, cheerfulness, and usefulness, in the midst of all these trials. See what little reason we have to love the pomp and plenty of this world, when this blessed apostle felt so much hardship in it. Our utmost diligence and services appear unworthy of notice when compared with his, and our difficulties and trials scarcely can be perceived. It may well lead us to inquire whether or not we really are followers of Christ. Here we may study patience, courage, and firm trust in God. Here we may learn to think less of ourselves; and we should ever strictly keep to truth, as in God's presence; and should refer all to his glory, as the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who is blessed for evermore.
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Alphabetical: and been cold exposure food gone hardship have hunger I in known labor labored many naked nights often sleep sleepless thirst through toiled without

NT Letters: 2 Corinthians 11:27 In labor and travail in watchings often (2 Cor. 2C iiC 2Cor ii cor iicor) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
2 Corinthians 11:26
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