2 Chronicles 20:37
New International Version
Eliezer son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, "Because you have made an alliance with Ahaziah, the LORD will destroy what you have made." The ships were wrecked and were not able to set sail to trade.

New Living Translation
Then Eliezer son of Dodavahu from Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat. He said, “Because you have allied yourself with King Ahaziah, the LORD will destroy your work.” So the ships met with disaster and never put out to sea.

English Standard Version
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you have joined with Ahaziah, the LORD will destroy what you have made.” And the ships were wrecked and were not able to go to Tarshish.

Berean Study Bible
Then Eliezer son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your works.” So the ships were wrecked and were unable to sail to Tarshish.

King James Bible
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath broken thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.

New King James Version
But Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your works.” Then the ships were wrecked, so that they were not able to go to Tarshish.

New American Standard Bible
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your works.” So the ships were wrecked and could not go to Tarshish.

NASB 1995
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat saying, "Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your works." So the ships were broken and could not go to Tarshish.

NASB 1977
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat saying, “Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your works.” So the ships were broken and could not go to Tarshish.

Amplified Bible
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has broken down what you have built.” So the ships were wrecked and were unable to go to Tarshish.

Christian Standard Bible
Then Eliezer son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you formed an alliance with Ahaziah, the LORD has broken up what you have made.” So the ships were wrecked and were not able to go to Tarshish.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Eliezer son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, "Because you formed an alliance with Ahaziah, the LORD has broken up what you have made." So the ships were wrecked and were not able to go to Tarshish.

American Standard Version
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, Jehovah hath destroyed thy works. And the ships were broken, so that they were not able to go to Tarshish.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Eliazar, the son of his paternal uncle, prophesied in the city Mareshah concerning Yehoshaphat and said to him: “By your partnership with Ekhazyah, LORD JEHOVAH has brought confusion to all your Servants, and the ships are broken and they are unable to go to Tarshish.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Eliezer thee son of Dodia of Marisa prophesied against Josaphat, saying, Forasmuch as thou hast allied thyself with Ochozias, the Lord has broken thy work, and thy vessels have been wrecked. And they could not go to Tharsis.

Contemporary English Version
But the prophet Eliezer warned Jehoshaphat, "The LORD will destroy these ships because you have supported Ahaziah." The ships were wrecked and never sailed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Eliezer the son of Dodau of Maresa prophesied to Josaphat, saying: Because thou hast made a league with Ochozias, the Lord hath destroyed thy works, and the ships are broken, and they could not go to Tharsis.

English Revised Version
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath destroyed thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.

Good News Translation
But Eliezer son of Dodavahu, from the town of Mareshah, warned Jehoshaphat, "Because you have made an alliance with Ahaziah, the LORD will destroy what you have built." And the ships were wrecked and never sailed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Eliezer, son of Dodavahu from Mareshah, prophesied against Jehoshaphat. He said, "The LORD will destroy your work because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah." So the ships were wrecked and couldn't go to Tarshish.

International Standard Version
But Dodavahu's son Eliezer from Mareshah prophesied in opposition to Jehoshaphat, "Because you have entered into an alliance with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your efforts." So the ships were destroyed and were never able to sail for Tarshish.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying: 'Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath made a breach in thy works.' And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.

Literal Standard Version
and Eliezer son of Dodavah, of Mareshah, prophesies against Jehoshaphat, saying, “For your joining yourself with Ahaziah, YHWH has broken up your works”; and the ships are broken, and have not retained [power] to go to Tarshish.

NET Bible
Eliezer son of Dodavahu from Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, "Because you made an alliance with Ahaziah, the LORD will shatter what you have made." The ships were wrecked and unable to go to sea.

New Heart English Bible
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, "Because you have joined yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your works." The ships were broken, so that they were not able to go to Tarshish.

World English Bible
Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, "Because you have joined yourself with Ahaziah, Yahweh has destroyed your works." The ships were broken, so that they were not able to go to Tarshish.

Young's Literal Translation
and prophesy doth Eliezer son of Dodavah, of Mareshah, against Jehoshaphat, saying, 'For thy joining thyself with Ahaziah, Jehovah hath broken up thy works;' and the ships are broken, and have not retained power to go unto Tarshish.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Jehoshaphat's Fleet is Wrecked
36They agreed to make ships to go to Tarshish, and these were built in Ezion-geber. 37Then Eliezer son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you have allied yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has destroyed your works.” So the ships were wrecked and were unable to sail to Tarshish.

Cross References
1 Kings 22:48
Jehoshaphat built ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold, but they never set sail, because they were wrecked at Ezion-geber.

2 Chronicles 9:21
For the king had the ships of Tarshish that went with Hiram's servants, and once every three years the ships of Tarshish would arrive bearing gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks.

2 Chronicles 20:36
They agreed to make ships to go to Tarshish, and these were built in Ezion-geber.

2 Chronicles 21:1
And Jehoshaphat rested with his fathers and was buried with them in the City of David. And his son Jehoram reigned in his place.


Treasury of Scripture

Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because you have joined yourself with Ahaziah, the LORD has broken your works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.

Because

2 Chronicles 19:2
And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate the LORD? therefore is wrath upon thee from before the LORD.

Joshua 7:11,12
Israel hath sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them: for they have even taken of the accursed thing, and have also stolen, and dissembled also, and they have put it even among their own stuff…

Proverbs 13:20
He that walketh with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.

the Lord

2 Chronicles 16:9
For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him. Herein thou hast done foolishly: therefore from henceforth thou shalt have wars.

Proverbs 9:6
Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding.

Proverbs 13:20
He that walketh with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.

And the ships

1 Kings 22:48
Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Eziongeber.

to Tarshish

2 Chronicles 9:21
For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.









(37) Then.--And.

Eliezer the son of Dodavah.--A prophet who is otherwise unknown.

Dodavah.--Heb. Dod?v?h-. (Comp. Hodavy?h-. 1Chronicles 3:24; LXX., ?????, as if the Heb. were Dodiy?h; Vulg., "Dodau."

Mareshah.--See 2Chronicles 11:8.

Because thou hast joined thyself.--Comp. Jehu the son of Hanani's similar rebuke of Jenoshaphat for his alliance with Ahab (2Chronicles 19:2).

The Lord hath broken.--Shattered (parac). (Comp. 2Chronicles 24:7.) The perfect is prophetic, i.e., will certainly shatter.

And the ships were broken.--Wrecked by a gale. (Comp. Psalm 48:7 : "With the east wind Thou breakest ships of Tarshish.")

That they were not able.--And kept not strength to go (2Chronicles 13:20; 2Chronicles 14:10).

After this misadventure, Ahaziah proposed another joint expedition; but the king of Judah declined. (See on 2Chronicles 20:36.)

Verse 37. - Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah. Nothing beside is known of this prophet. For Mareshah, see 2 Chronicles 11:8, and note there. The ships were broken; i.e. presumably by some storm. One general remark may be made upon these verses (34-37), together with vers. 45-50 of 1 Kings 22, viz. that the dislocation of both manner and matter, observable in both, of them, probably betrays something out of order for whatever reason or accident, in the more original source, from which both drew, the apparently disjointed mixture of matter in the parallel being the more patent of the two.





Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then Eliezer
אֱלִיעֶ֤זֶר (’ĕ·lî·‘e·zer)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 461: Eliezer -- 'God is help', the name of several Israelites, also of a Damascene

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Dodavahu
דֹּדָוָ֙הוּ֙ (dō·ḏā·wā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1735: Dodavahu -- 'beloved of Yah', an Israelite name

of Mareshah
מִמָּ֣רֵשָׁ֔ה (mim·mā·rê·šāh)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4762: Mareshah -- a place in Judah, also two Israelites

prophesied
וַיִּתְנַבֵּ֞א (way·yiṯ·nab·bê)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5012: To prophesy, speak, by inspiration

against
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

Jehoshaphat,
יְהוֹשָׁפָ֖ט (yə·hō·wō·šā·p̄āṭ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3092: Jehoshaphat -- 'the LORD has judged', the name of a number of Israelites

saying,
לֵאמֹ֑ר (lê·mōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 559: To utter, say

“Because you have allied yourself
כְּהִֽתְחַבֶּרְךָ֣ (kə·hiṯ·ḥab·ber·ḵā)
Preposition-k | Verb - Hitpael - Infinitive construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 2266: To unite, be joined, to tie a magic knot or spell, to charm

with
עִם־ (‘im-)
Preposition
Strong's 5973: With, equally with

Ahaziah,
אֲחַזְיָ֗הוּ (’ă·ḥaz·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 274: Ahaziah -- 'Yah has grasped', the name of several Israelites

the LORD
יְהוָה֙ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

has destroyed
פָּרַ֤ץ (pā·raṣ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6555: To break through

your works.”
מַעֲשֶׂ֔יךָ (ma·‘ă·śe·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 4639: An action, a transaction, activity, a product, property

So the ships
אֳנִיּ֔וֹת (’o·nî·yō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 591: A ship

were wrecked
וַיִּשָּׁבְר֣וּ (way·yiš·šā·ḇə·rū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7665: To break, break in pieces

and were unable
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

to sail
לָלֶ֥כֶת (lā·le·ḵeṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

Tarshish.
תַּרְשִֽׁישׁ׃ (tar·šîš)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8659: Tarshish -- a son of Javan, also a port on the Mediterranean, also a Benjamite


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OT History: 2 Chronicles 20:37 Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr)
2 Chronicles 20:36
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