Joshua 23:12
New International Version
"But if you turn away and ally yourselves with the survivors of these nations that remain among you and if you intermarry with them and associate with them,

New Living Translation
“But if you turn away from him and cling to the customs of the survivors of these nations remaining among you, and if you intermarry with them,

English Standard Version
For if you turn back and cling to the remnant of these nations remaining among you and make marriages with them, so that you associate with them and they with you,

Berean Study Bible
For if you turn away and cling to the rest of these nations that remain among you, and if you intermarry and associate with them,

New American Standard Bible
"For if you ever go back and cling to the rest of these nations, these which remain among you, and intermarry with them, so that you associate with them and they with you,

New King James Version
Or else, if indeed you do go back, and cling to the remnant of these nations—these that remain among you—and make marriages with them, and go in to them and they to you,

King James Bible
Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you:

Christian Standard Bible
If you ever turn away and become loyal to the rest of these nations remaining among you, and if you intermarry or associate with them and they with you,

Good News Translation
If you are disloyal and join with the nations that are still left among you and intermarry with them,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For if you turn away and cling to the rest of these nations remaining among you, and if you intermarry or associate with them and they with you,

International Standard Version
because if you ever turn back and cling to those who remain of these nations by intermarrying with them and associating one with another,

NET Bible
But if you ever turn away and make alliances with these nations that remain near you, and intermarry with them and establish friendly relations with them,

New Heart English Bible
Else if you do at all go back, and hold fast to the remnant of these nations, even these who remain among you, and make marriages with them, and go in to them, and they to you;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But if you turn away and go along with the other nations within your [borders], if you intermarry with them or associate with them,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you;

New American Standard 1977
“For if you ever go back and cling to the rest of these nations, these which remain among you, and intermarry with them, so that you associate with them and they with you,

Jubilee Bible 2000
Because if ye do in any wise go back and cleave unto the remnant of these Gentiles that remain among you and shall make marriages with them and go in unto them and they to you,

King James 2000 Bible
Else if you do in any way go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you:

American King James Version
Else if you do in any wise go back, and join to the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in to them, and they to you:

American Standard Version
Else if ye do at all go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For if ye shall turn aside and attach yourselves to these nations that are left with you, and make marriages with them, and become mingled with them and they with you,

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if you will embrace the errors of these nations that dwell among you, and make marriages with them, and join friendships:

Darby Bible Translation
For if ye in any wise go back, and cleave unto the residue of these nations, these that remain among you, and make marriages with them, and come in unto them and they unto you:

English Revised Version
Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you:

Webster's Bible Translation
Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave to the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and associate with them, and they with you:

World English Bible
"But if you do at all go back, and hold fast to the remnant of these nations, even these who remain among you, and make marriages with them, and go in to them, and they to you;

Young's Literal Translation
'But -- if ye at all turn back and have cleaved to the remnant of these nations, these who are left with you, and intermarried with them, and gone in to them, and they to you,
Study Bible
Joshua's Charge to Leaders
11Therefore watch yourselves carefully, that you love the LORD your God. 12For if you turn away and cling to the rest of these nations that remain among you, and if you intermarry and associate with them, 13know for sure that the LORD your God will no longer drive out these nations before you. Instead, they will become for you a snare and a trap, a scourge for your sides and thorns in your eyes, until you perish from this good land that the LORD your God has given you.…
Cross References
Exodus 34:15
Do not make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to them, they will invite you, and you will eat their sacrifices;

Exodus 34:16
and when you take some of their daughters as brides for your sons, their daughters will prostitute themselves to their gods and cause your sons to do the same.

Deuteronomy 7:3
Do not intermarry with them. Do not give your daughters to their sons or take their daughters for your sons,

Deuteronomy 7:4
because they will turn your sons away from following Me to serve other gods. Then the anger of the LORD will burn against you, and He will swiftly destroy you.

Joshua 23:11
Therefore watch yourselves carefully, that you love the LORD your God.

Judges 3:6
And they took the daughters of these people in marriage, gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.

Ezra 9:2
Indeed, the Israelites have taken some of their daughters as wives for themselves and their sons, so that the holy seed has been mixed with the people of the land. And the leaders and officials have taken the lead in this unfaithfulness!"

Nehemiah 13:25
I rebuked them and called down curses on them. I beat some of these men and pulled out their hair. Then I made them take an oath before God and said: "You must not give your daughters in marriage to their sons or take their daughters as wives for your sons or for yourselves!

Psalm 106:34
They did not destroy the peoples as the LORD had commanded them,

Psalm 106:35
but they mingled with the nations and adopted their customs.

Treasury of Scripture

Else if you do in any wise go back, and join to the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in to them, and they to you:

go back

Psalm 36:3
The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, and to do good.

Psalm 125:5
As for such as turn aside unto their crooked ways, the LORD shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity: but peace shall be upon Israel.

Isaiah 1:4
Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.

cleave

Genesis 2:24
Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.

Genesis 34:3
And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel.

1 Samuel 18:1-3
And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul…

shall make

Exodus 34:12-16
Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee: …

Deuteronomy 7:3
Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.

1 Kings 11:4
For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father.







Lexicon
For
כִּ֣י ׀ (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

if
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

you turn away
שׁ֣וֹב (šō·wḇ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

and cling
וּדְבַקְתֶּם֙ (ū·ḏə·ḇaq·tem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1692: To impinge, cling, adhere, to catch by pursuit

to the rest
בְּיֶ֙תֶר֙ (bə·ye·ṯer)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3499: An overhanging, an excess, superiority, remainder, a small rope

of these
הָאֵ֔לֶּה (hā·’êl·leh)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those

nations
הַגּוֹיִ֣ם (hag·gō·w·yim)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1471: A foreign nation, a Gentile, a troop of animals, a flight of locusts

that remain
הַנִּשְׁאָרִ֥ים (han·niš·’ā·rîm)
Article | Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7604: To swell up, be, redundant

among you,
אִתְּכֶ֑ם (’it·tə·ḵem)
Preposition | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

and if you intermarry
וְהִֽתְחַתַּנְתֶּ֥ם (wə·hiṯ·ḥat·tan·tem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hitpael - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2859: To give, away in marriage, to contract affinity by marriage

and associate
וּבָאתֶ֥ם (ū·ḇā·ṯem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

with them,
וְהֵ֥ם (wə·hêm)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1992: They
(12,13) if ye . . . make marriages with them . . . the Lord your God will no more drive out.--The common-sense of this warning is manifest. The God of Israel cannot treat as His enemies those whom Israel has united with itself, unless He also makes war on Israel. It was a long time before Israel learned the lesson how to live in the world without being of the world. It was not learnt until after the Babylonish captivity, and when learnt, it soon developed into a Pharisaical exclusiveness, which produced the very opposite effect to that which the law was intended to have.

Verse 12. - Go back. Literally, return. Cleave. A word (see ver. 8) signifying close and intimate relationship. And the intimacy of the relationship is indicated, as in ver. 8, by the use of the preposition בְּ. Make marriages with them. No closer or more intimate relationship is possible than this. Nothing, therefore, would be more certain to draw the Israelites away from their allegiance to God, and to seduce them and their children into the false and corrupt worship of the nations around them. "Unde deprecor vos qui fidelis estis, ut ita vitam vestram et conversationem servetis, ne in aliquo vel ipsi scandalum patiamini vel aliis scandalum faciatis; sit in vobis summi studii, summaeque cautelae, ne quis in hanc sanctam congregationem vestram pollutus introeat" (Orig., Hom. 21 on Joshua). Go in unto them. Rather, go among them. Spoken of the familiar intercourse of friendship. It is equivalent to our words "associate with them." 23:11-16 Would we cleave to the Lord, we must always stand upon our guard, for many a soul is lost through carelessness. Love the Lord your God, and you will not leave him. Has God been thus true to you? Be not you false to him. He is faithful that has promised, Heb 10:23. The experience of every Christian witnesses the same truth. Conflicts may have been severe and long, trials great and many; but at the last he will acknowledge that goodness and mercy followed him all the days of his life. Joshua states the fatal consequences of going back; know for a certainty it will be your ruin. The first step would be, friendship with idolaters; the next would be, marrying with them; the end of that would be, serving their gods. Thus the way of sin is down-hill, and those who have fellowship with sinners, cannot avoid having fellowship with sin. He describes the destruction he warns them of. The goodness of the heavenly Canaan, and the free and sure grant God has made of it, will add to the misery of those who shall for ever be shut out from it. Nothing will make them see how wretched they are, so much, as to see how happy they might have been. Let us watch and pray against temptation. Let us trust in God's faithfulness, love, and power; let us plead his promises, and cleave to his commandments, then we shall be happy in life, in death, and for ever.
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Alphabetical: ally among and associate away back But cling ever For go if intermarry nations of remain rest so survivors that the them these they to turn which with you yourselves

OT History: Joshua 23:12 Else if you do at all go (Josh. Jos) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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