Judges 3:11
New International Version
So the land had peace for forty years, until Othniel son of Kenaz died.

New Living Translation
So there was peace in the land for forty years. Then Othniel son of Kenaz died.

English Standard Version
So the land had rest forty years. Then Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

Berean Study Bible
So the land had rest for forty years, until Othniel son of Kenaz died.

King James Bible
And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

New King James Version
So the land had rest for forty years. Then Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

New American Standard Bible
Then the land was at rest for forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

NASB 1995
Then the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

NASB 1977
Then the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

Amplified Bible
And the land was at rest [from oppression for] forty years. Then Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

Christian Standard Bible
Then the land had peace for forty years, and Othniel son of Kenaz died.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the land was peaceful 40 years, and Othniel son of Kenaz died.

American Standard Version
And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the land came to rest forty years, and Athneil, son of Qanaz, died

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the land was quiet forty years; and Gothoniel the son of Kenez died.

Contemporary English Version
and Israel was at peace until Othniel died about 40 years later.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the land rested forty years, and Othoniel the son of Cenez died.

English Revised Version
And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

Good News Translation
There was peace in the land for forty years, and then Othniel died.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So there was finally peace in the land for 40 years. Then Othniel, son of Kenaz, died.

International Standard Version
As a result, the land was quiet for 40 years. Then Kenaz' son Othniel died.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

Literal Standard Version
and the land rests forty years. And Othniel son of Kenaz dies,

NET Bible
The land had rest for forty years; then Othniel son of Kenaz died.

New Heart English Bible
The land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

World English Bible
The land had rest forty years. Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

Young's Literal Translation
and the land resteth forty years. And Othniel son of Kenaz dieth,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Othniel
10The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he became Israel’s judge and went out to war. And the LORD delivered Cushan-rishathaim king of Aram into the hand of Othniel, who prevailed against him. 11So the land had rest for forty years, until Othniel son of Kenaz died.

Cross References
Judges 3:10
The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he became Israel's judge and went out to war. And the LORD delivered Cushan-rishathaim king of Aram into the hand of Othniel, who prevailed against him.

Judges 3:12
Once again the Israelites did evil in the sight of the LORD. So He gave Eglon king of Moab power over Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.

Nehemiah 9:28
But as soon as they had rest, they again did evil in Your sight. So You abandoned them to the hands of their enemies, who had dominion over them. When they cried out to You again, You heard from heaven, and You delivered them many times in Your compassion.


Treasury of Scripture

And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

the land

Judges 3:30
So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years.

Judges 5:31
So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might. And the land had rest forty years.

Judges 8:28
Thus was Midian subdued before the children of Israel, so that they lifted up their heads no more. And the country was in quietness forty years in the days of Gideon.

Othniel

Judges 3:9
And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

Joshua 15:17
And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.

1 Chronicles 4:13
And the sons of Kenaz; Othniel, and Seraiah: and the sons of Othniel; Hathath.









(11) The land had rest forty years.--Rabbi Tanchum interprets this to mean, "till forty years after the death of Joshua." For the very difficult chronology of this period, see the Introduction. Many questions have been raised, such as--Do the forty years include or exclude the period of servitude? Is forty meant to be an exact or a general number? Are the various periods of rest and servitude continuous and successive, or do they refer to different parts of the Holy Land, and do they synchronise? Perhaps no final answer to these questions is as yet possible, and no less than fifty schemes of the chronology of the period of the judges have been attempted, which fact alone proves how insufficient are the data on which to decide.

Died.--Probably during the forty years, unless we suppose that he attained a most unusual age. After this event the tribe of Judah sinks into the background till the days of David.

Verse 11. - And Othniel, etc. The arrangement of this verse suggests that Othniel lived through the whole forty years of rest, but this is highly improbable. The first part of the verse only belongs to the preceding section, which it closes quite naturally. The result of Othniel's victories was a rest of forty years (cf. ver. 30; 5:31; 8:28, etc.). The latter half of the verse - And Othniel the son of Kenaz died - begins a new section, and is introductory to the first apostasy, which followed after his death.

CHAPTER 3:13-31

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So the land
הָאָ֖רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 776: Earth, land

had rest
וַתִּשְׁקֹ֥ט (wat·tiš·qōṭ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 8252: To be quiet or undisturbed

for forty
אַרְבָּעִ֣ים (’ar·bā·‘îm)
Number - common plural
Strong's 705: Forty

years,
שָׁנָ֑ה (šā·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8141: A year

until Othniel
עָתְנִיאֵ֥ל (‘ā·ṯə·nî·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6274: Othniel -- a hero in Israel

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Kenaz
קְנַֽז׃ (qə·naz)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7073: Kenaz -- an Edomite, also two Israelites

died.
וַיָּ֖מָת (way·yā·māṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill


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OT History: Judges 3:11 The land had rest forty years (Jd Judg. Jdg)
Judges 3:10
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