Joshua 14:15
New International Version
(Hebron used to be called Kiriath Arba after Arba, who was the greatest man among the Anakites.) Then the land had rest from war.

New Living Translation
(Previously Hebron had been called Kiriath-arba. It had been named after Arba, a great hero of the descendants of Anak.) And the land had rest from war.

English Standard Version
Now the name of Hebron formerly was Kiriath-arba. (Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim.) And the land had rest from war.

Berean Study Bible
(Hebron used to be called Kiriath-arba, after Arba, the greatest man among the Anakim.) Then the land had rest from war.

New American Standard Bible
Now the name of Hebron was formerly Kiriath-arba; for Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim. Then the land had rest from war.

King James Bible
And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.

Christian Standard Bible
Hebron's name used to be Kiriath-arba; Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim. After this, the land had rest from war.

Contemporary English Version
Hebron used to be called Arba's Town, because Arba had been one of the greatest of the Anakim. There was peace in the land.

Good News Translation
Before this, Hebron was called the city of Arba. (Arba had been the greatest of the Anakim.) There was now peace in the land.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Hebron's name used to be Kiriath-arba; Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim. After this, the land had rest from war.

International Standard Version
Hebron used to be known as Kiriath-arba, after the greatest man among the Anakim. After all of this, the land enjoyed rest from war.

NET Bible
(Hebron used to be called Kiriath Arba. Arba was a famous Anakite.) Then the land was free of war.

New Heart English Bible
Now the name of Hebron before was Kiriath Arba, after the greatest man among the Anakim. The land had rest from war.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the past Hebron was called Kiriath Arba. Arba was the greatest man among the people of Anak. So the land had peace.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now the name of Hebron beforetime was Kiriath-arba, which Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim. And the land had rest from war.

New American Standard 1977
Now the name of Hebron was formerly Kiriath-arba; for Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim. Then the land had rest from war.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; Arba had been a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.

King James 2000 Bible
And the name of Hebron before was Kiriatharba; this Arba was a great man among the Anakim. And the land had rest from war.

American King James Version
And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.

American Standard Version
Now the name of Hebron beforetime was Kiriath-arba; which Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim. And the land had rest from war.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the name of Chebron before was the city Argob, it is the metropolis of the Enakim: and the land rested from war.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The name of Hebron before was called Cariath-Arbe: Adam the greatest among the Enacims was laid there: and the land rested from wars.

Darby Bible Translation
Now the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-Arba; the great man among the Anakim. And the land rested from war.

English Revised Version
Now the name of Hebron beforetime was Kirjath-arba; which Arba was the greatest man among the Anakim. And the land had rest from war.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.

World English Bible
Now the name of Hebron before was Kiriath Arba, after the greatest man among the Anakim. The land had rest from war.

Young's Literal Translation
and the name of Hebron formerly is Kirjath-Arba (he is the great man among the Anakim); and the land hath rest from war.
Study Bible
Caleb Requests Hebron
14Therefore Hebron belongs to Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite as an inheritance to this day, because he wholly followed the LORD, the God of Israel. 15(Hebron used to be called Kiriath-arba, after Arba, the greatest man among the Anakim.) Then the land had rest from war.
Cross References
Genesis 23:2
She died in Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan, and Abraham went out to mourn and to weep for her.

Genesis 35:27
Jacob returned to his father Isaac at Mamre, near Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had dwelt.

Genesis 37:14
Then Israel told him, "Go now and see how your brothers and the flocks are faring, and bring word back to me." So he sent him off from the Valley of Hebron. And when Joseph arrived in Shechem,

Joshua 11:23
So Joshua took the entire land, in keeping with all that the LORD had spoken to Moses. And Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to the allotments to their tribes. Then the land had rest from war.

Joshua 14:14
Therefore Hebron belongs to Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite as an inheritance to this day, because he wholly followed the LORD, the God of Israel.

Joshua 21:11
They gave them Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), with its surrounding pasturelands, in the hill country of Judah. (Arba was the father of Anak.)

Nehemiah 11:25
As for the villages with their fields, some of the people of Judah lived in Kiriath-arba, Dibon, and Jekabzeel, and their villages;

Treasury of Scripture

And the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba; which Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war.

And the name

Joshua 15:13
And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron.

Genesis 23:2
And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her.

And the land

Joshua 11:23
So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war.

Judges 3:11,30
And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died…

Judges 5:31
So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might. And the land had rest forty years.







Lexicon
(Hebron
חֶבְר֤וֹן (ḥeḇ·rō·wn)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2275: Hebron -- 'association, league', a city in southern Judah

used to be
לְפָנִים֙ (lə·p̄ā·nîm)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

called
וְשֵׁ֨ם (wə·šêm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8034: A name

Kiriath-arba,
אַרְבַּ֔ע (’ar·ba‘)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7153: Kiriath-arba -- 'city of the four', an older name of Hebron

after Arba,
ה֑וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

the greatest
הַגָּד֛וֹל (hag·gā·ḏō·wl)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

man
הָאָדָ֧ם (hā·’ā·ḏām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 120: Ruddy, a human being

among the Anakim.)
בָּעֲנָקִ֖ים (bā·‘ă·nā·qîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6062: Anakim -- 'neck', a giant people around Hebron and in Philistia

Then the land
וְהָאָ֥רֶץ (wə·hā·’ā·reṣ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 776: Earth, land

had rest
שָׁקְטָ֖ה (šā·qə·ṭāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8252: To be quiet or undisturbed

from war.
מִמִּלְחָמָֽה׃ (mim·mil·ḥā·māh)
Preposition-m | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4421: A battle, war
(15) Kirjath-arba.--"Arba the father of Anak" (Joshua 21:11). Arba means four in Hebrew, and therefore some have endeavoured to interpret it as the city of four. Rashi, for example, says it was "the city of Ahiman, and Sheshai, and Talmai, and their father." Others have tried to make it one of four confederate cities like Gibeon and its allies. But the text of Joshua seems to leave no doubt that Arba was a man's name, whatever may have been the

occasion of his being so named. Unless the Anakim are of the same date as the Zuzim, and Rephaim, and Emim of Genesis 14 (who are known to be giant races by Deuteronomy 2, 3) Hebron must have been named Hebron before it was Kirjath-arba. But the text of Genesis 23:2 seems to make Kirjath-arba the name of the place where Sarah died, at the time of her death; and it is perfectly possible that it was so. (See Note on Numbers 13:22.)

A great man.--Rather, the great man among the Anakim.

And the land had rest from war.--This clause appears in Joshua 11:23, where its position is perfectly natural. It closes the record of the wars of Joshua. It is not so easily accounted for here. If we were quite certain at what period the Anakim were dispossessed and slain, we might connect it with that portion of the story; but see Note on Joshua 15:14, and also on the next verse.

Verse 15. - And the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba. Hengstenberg, according to Keil, has conclusively shown that Hebron was the original name of the city. At the time of Joshua's invasion, however, it was known as Kirjath (or "the city of ") Arba, from a giant named Arba who had conquered the city. Hebron is known as Kirjath-arba in Genesis 23:2, but the way in which it is mentioned by Moses seems to bear out Hengstenberg's theory. The Rabbis translated "the city of four," and assert that the four patriarchs, Adam, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, were buried there. The word translated "man" here is Adam. The Vulgate follows this tradition, trans. lating "Adam maximus ibi inter Enacim situs est." And our own Wiclif literally translates the Vulgate "Adam moost greet there in the loond of Enachym was set." Rosenmuller renders the words translated "a great man" by "the greatest man." And certainly the words have the article; and this is also the way in which the superlative is expressed in Hebrew. It also adds to the force of Caleb's request. He desired the most important city of a warlike race. And the land had rest from war (see Joshua 11:23).



14:6-15 Caleb's request is, Give me this mountain, or Hebron, because it was formerly in God's promise to him, and he would let Israel knows how much he valued the promise. Those who live by faith value that which is given by God's promise, far above what is given by his providence only. It was now in the Anakims' possession, and Caleb would let Israel know how little he feared the enemy, and that he would encourage them to push on their conquests. Caleb answered to his name, which signifies all heart. Hebron was settled on Caleb and his heirs, because he wholly followed the Lord God of Israel. Happy are we if we follow him. Singular piety shall be crowned with singular favour.
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