Judges 3:9
New International Version
But when they cried out to the LORD, he raised up for them a deliverer, Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, who saved them.

New Living Translation
But when the people of Israel cried out to the LORD for help, the LORD raised up a rescuer to save them. His name was Othniel, the son of Caleb's younger brother, Kenaz.

English Standard Version
But when the people of Israel cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the people of Israel, who saved them, Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother.

Berean Study Bible
But when the Israelites cried out to the LORD, He raised up Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s youngest brother, as a deliverer to save them.

New American Standard Bible
When the sons of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the sons of Israel to deliver them, Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

King James Bible
And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

Christian Standard Bible
The Israelites cried out to the LORD. So the LORD raised up Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb's youngest brother, as a deliverer to save the Israelites.

Contemporary English Version
The Israelites begged the LORD for help, and so he chose Othniel to rescue them. Othniel was the son of Caleb's younger brother Kenaz.

Good News Translation
Then the Israelites cried out to the LORD, and he sent someone to free them. This was Othniel, the son of Caleb's younger brother Kenaz.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Israelites cried out to the LORD. So the LORD raised up Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb's youngest brother, as a deliverer to save the Israelites.

International Standard Version
When the Israelis cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up Othniel son of Caleb's younger brother Kenaz, to deliver them, and he did.

NET Bible
When the Israelites cried out for help to the LORD, he raised up a deliverer for the Israelites who rescued them. His name was Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

New Heart English Bible
When the children of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a savior to the children of Israel, who saved them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the people of Israel cried out to the LORD for help. The LORD sent a savior to rescue them. It was Othniel, son of Caleb's younger brother Kenaz.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a saviour to the children of Israel, who saved them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

New American Standard 1977
And when the sons of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the sons of Israel to deliver them, Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when the sons of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a saviour to the sons of Israel, who saved them, even Othniel, the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

King James 2000 Bible
And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

American King James Version
And when the children of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

American Standard Version
And when the children of Israel cried unto Jehovah, Jehovah raised up a saviour to the children of Israel, who saved them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the children of Israel cried to the Lord; and the Lord raised up a saviour to Israel, and he saved them, Gothoniel the son of Kenez, the brother of Chaleb younger than himself.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they cried to the Lord, who raised them up a saviour, and delivered them, to wit, Othoniel the son of Cenez, the younger brother of Caleb:

Darby Bible Translation
And the children of Israel cried to Jehovah; and Jehovah raised up a saviour to the children of Israel, who saved them, Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

English Revised Version
And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a saviour to the children of Israel, who saved them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the children of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

World English Bible
When the children of Israel cried to Yahweh, Yahweh raised up a savior to the children of Israel, who saved them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

Young's Literal Translation
and the sons of Israel cry unto Jehovah, and Jehovah raiseth a saviour to the sons of Israel, and he saveth them -- Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother;
Study Bible
Othniel
8Then the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and He sold them into the hands of Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia, and the Israelites served him eight years. 9But when the Israelites cried out to the LORD, He raised up Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s youngest brother, as a deliverer to save them. 10The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he became Israel's judge and went out to war. And the LORD delivered Cushan-rishathaim king of Aram into the hands of Othniel, who prevailed against him.…
Cross References
Joshua 15:17
So Othniel son of Caleb's brother Kenaz took it, and Caleb gave his daughter Acsah to him in marriage.

Judges 1:13
So Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, captured it, and Caleb gave his daughter Acsah to him in marriage.

Judges 3:8
Then the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and He sold them into the hands of Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia, and the Israelites served him eight years.

Psalm 106:44
Nevertheless He heard their cry; He took note of their distress.

Treasury of Scripture

And when the children of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

Judges 3:15
But when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab.

Judges 4:3
And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.

Judges 6:7
And it came to pass, when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD because of the Midianites,

raised up

Judges 2:16
Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.

delivered.

Judges 1:13
And Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.







Lexicon
But when the Israelites
בְנֵֽי־ (ḇə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

cried out
וַיִּזְעֲק֤וּ (way·yiz·‘ă·qū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2199: To shriek, to announce, convene publicly

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the LORD,
יְהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

[He]
יְהוָ֥ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

raised up
וַיָּ֨קֶם (way·yā·qem)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

Othniel
עָתְנִיאֵ֣ל (‘ā·ṯə·nî·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6274: Othniel -- a hero in Israel

son
לִבְנֵ֥י (liḇ·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Kenaz,
קְנַ֔ז (qə·naz)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7073: Kenaz -- an Edomite, also two Israelites

Caleb’s
כָלֵ֖ב (ḵā·lêḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3612: Caleb -- a son of Jephunneh and sent by Moses to spy out the land

youngest
הַקָּטֹ֥ן (haq·qā·ṭōn)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6996: Small, young, unimportant

brother,
אֲחִ֥י (’ă·ḥî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

as a deliverer
מוֹשִׁ֛יעַ (mō·wō·šî·a‘)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3467: To be open, wide, free, to be safe, to free, succor

to save
וַיּֽוֹשִׁיעֵ֑ם (way·yō·wō·šî·‘êm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3467: To be open, wide, free, to be safe, to free, succor

[them].
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son
(9) Cried unto the Lord.--"In the time of their trouble, when they cried unto Thee, Thou heardest them from heaven; and according to Thy manifold mercies Thou gavest them saviours" (Nehemiah 9:27). "Then they cried unto the Lord in their trouble, and He saved them out of their distresses" (Psalm 107:13; see, too, Psalm 26:5; Psalm 78:34; Psalm 106:44).

A deliverer.--Heb., moshia; LXX., "a saviour." (Comp. Luke 1:69; Acts 13:23.) The same word as is used for the judges in Hebrews 9:27.

Othniel.--The name means "lion of God." St. Jerome makes it mean "my time of God," and spells it Athaniel

The son of Kenaz.--(See Judges 1:13.) Josephus, to escape the apparent improbability of a brother of Caleb being young enough to marry Caleb's daughter, when Caleb was past eighty-five, calls him "a person of the tribe of Judah." He rightly regards the events of Judges 17-21 as preceding the judgeship of Othniel; but they can hardly have happened during the oppression of Cushan-Rishathaim.

Verse 9. - A deliverer. Hebrew, Saviour, as ver. 15 (see Nehemiah 9:27). Othniel, etc. Mentioned Judges 1:13; Joshua 15:17, and 1 Chronicles 4:13, where he is placed under "the sons of Kenaz," and seems to be the father of Hathath and Meonothai. According to Judith 6:15, he had a descendant, Chabris, living in the time of Holofernes. The Hebrew, though grammatically it favours the view that Othniel was the brother of Caleb, does not absolutely exclude the rendering that Kenaz was his brother, and so Othniel his nephew. Compare Jeremiah 32:7, where the words "thine uncle" apply to Shallum, not to Hanameel, as is clear from ver. 8. And as the chronology seems to make it impossible that Othniel should be Caleb's brother, since Caleb was eighty-five years old at the time of Othniel's marriage, and Othniel therefore could not be less than fifty-five, an improbable age for his marriage; and since, again, Othniel could not well have been less than eighty at Joshua's death, which, allowing only ten years for the elders, and reckoning the eight years for Chushan's dominion, would make him ninety-eight when he was raised up to deliver Israel, it is a lesser difficulty to take Othniel as the nephew of Caleb, by understanding the words, Caleb's younger brother, to apply to Kenaz. But perhaps the least objectionable escape from the difficulty is to take the phrase in its most natural grammatical sense, but to understand the word brother in its wider and very common sense of kinsman or fellow-tribesman. They were both sons of Kenaz, or Kenizzites. Caleb was the head of the tribe, and Othniel was next to him in tribal dignity, and his junior in age, but probably succeeded to the chieftainship on Caleb's death. This would leave the exact relationship between Caleb and Othniel uncertain. 3:8-11 The first judge was Othniel: even in Joshua's time Othniel began to be famous. Soon after Israel's settlement in Canaan their purity began to be corrupted, and their peace disturbed. But affliction makes those cry to God who before would scarcely speak to him. God returned in mercy to them for their deliverance. The Spirit of the Lord came upon Othniel. The Spirit of wisdom and courage to qualify him for the service, and the Spirit of power to excite him to it. He first judged Israel, reproved and reformed them, and then went to war. Let sin at home be conquered, that worst of enemies, then enemies abroad will be more easily dealt with. Thus let Christ be our Judge and Lawgiver, then he will save us.
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Alphabetical: a brother But Caleb's cried deliver deliverer for he Israel Kenaz LORD of Othniel out raised saved son sons the them they to up when who younger

OT History: Judges 3:9 When the children of Israel cried (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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