Judges 14:4
New International Version
(His parents did not know that this was from the LORD, who was seeking an occasion to confront the Philistines; for at that time they were ruling over Israel.)

New Living Translation
His father and mother didn't realize the LORD was at work in this, creating an opportunity to work against the Philistines, who ruled over Israel at that time.

English Standard Version
His father and mother did not know that it was from the LORD, for he was seeking an opportunity against the Philistines. At that time the Philistines ruled over Israel.

Berean Study Bible
(Now his father and mother did not know this was from the LORD, who was seeking an occasion to move against the Philistines; for at that time the Philistines were ruling over Israel.)

New American Standard Bible
However, his father and mother did not know that it was of the LORD, for He was seeking an occasion against the Philistines. Now at that time the Philistines were ruling over Israel.

King James Bible
But his father and his mother knew not that it was of the LORD, that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.

Christian Standard Bible
Now his father and mother did not know this was from the LORD, who wanted the Philistines to provide an opportunity for a confrontation. At that time, the Philistines were ruling Israel.

Contemporary English Version
At that time, the Philistines were in control of Israel, and the LORD wanted to stir up trouble for them. That's why he made Samson desire that woman.

Good News Translation
His parents did not know that it was the LORD who was leading Samson to do this, for the LORD was looking for a chance to fight the Philistines. At this time the Philistines were ruling Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now his father and mother did not know this was from the LORD, who was seeking an occasion against the Philistines. At that time, the Philistines were ruling over Israel.

International Standard Version
Meanwhile, his father and mother did not know that she was from the LORD, because he had been seeking a favorable opportunity concerning the Philistines, since the Philistines were dominating Israel at that time.

NET Bible
Now his father and mother did not realize this was the LORD's doing, because he was looking for an opportunity to stir up trouble with the Philistines (for at that time the Philistines were ruling Israel).

New Heart English Bible
But his father and his mother did not know that it was of the LORD, for he sought for an opportunity against the Philistines. Now at that time the Philistines had rule over Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
His father and mother didn't know that the LORD was behind this. The LORD was looking for an opportunity to do something to the Philistines. (At that time the Philistines were ruling Israel.)

JPS Tanakh 1917
But his father and his mother knew not that it was of the LORD; for he sought an occasion against the Philistines. Now at that time the Philistines had rule over Israel.

New American Standard 1977
However, his father and mother did not know that it was of the LORD, for He was seeking an occasion against the Philistines. Now at that time the Philistines were ruling over Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But his father and his mother did not know that it was of the LORD that he sought an occasion against the Philistines, for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.

King James 2000 Bible
But his father and his mother knew not that it was of the LORD, that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.

American King James Version
But his father and his mother knew not that it was of the LORD, that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.

American Standard Version
But his father and his mother knew not that it was of Jehovah; for he sought an occasion against the Philistines. Now at that time the Philistines had rule over Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now his parents knew not that the thing was done by the Lord, and that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
And his father and his mother did not know that it was of Jehovah, that he was seeking an occasion against the Philistines. Now at that time the Philistines were ruling over Israel.

English Revised Version
But his father and his mother knew not that it was of the LORD; for he sought an occasion against the Philistines. Now at that time the Philistines had rule over Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
But his father and his mother knew not that it was of the LORD, that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.

World English Bible
But his father and his mother didn't know that it was of Yahweh; for he sought an occasion against the Philistines. Now at that time the Philistines had rule over Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
And his father and his mother have not known that from Jehovah it is, that a meeting he is seeking of the Philistines; and at that time the Philistines are ruling over Israel.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Samson's Marriage
3But his father and mother replied, “Can you not find a young woman among your relatives or any of our people? Must you go to the uncircumcised Philistines to get a wife?” But Samson told his father, “Get her for me, for she is pleasing to my eyes.” 4(Now his father and mother did not know this was from the LORD, who was seeking an occasion to move against the Philistines; for at that time the Philistines were ruling over Israel.) 5Then Samson went down to Timnah with his father and mother and came to the vineyards of Timnah. Suddenly a young lion came roaring at him,…
Cross References
Joshua 11:20
For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts to engage Israel in battle, that they would be completely destroyed without mercy and be annihilated as the LORD had commanded Moses.

Judges 14:5
Then Samson went down to Timnah with his father and mother and came to the vineyards of Timnah. Suddenly a young lion came roaring at him,

Judges 15:11
In response, three thousand men of Judah went to the cave at the rock of Etam, and they asked Samson, "Do you not realize that the Philistines rule over us? What have you done to us?" "I have done to them what they did to me," he replied.

1 Kings 12:15
So the king did not listen to the people, and indeed this turn of events was from the LORD, to fulfill the word He had spoken to Jeroboam son of Nebat through Ahijah the Shilonite.

Daniel 6:4
Thus the administrators and satraps sought a charge against Daniel concerning the kingdom, but they could find no charge or corruption, because he was trustworthy, and no negligence or corruption was found in him.

Treasury of Scripture

But his father and his mother knew not that it was of the LORD, that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.

It was of the Lord. That is, God permitted it, that it might be a means of bringing about the deliverance of Israel. Such marriages were forbidden to the Israelites, to keep them separate from the idolatrous nations.

Joshua 11:20 For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come …

1 Kings 12:15 Why the king listened not to the people; for the cause was from the …

2 Kings 6:33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down …

2 Chronicles 10:15 So the king listened not to the people: for the cause was of God, …

2 Chronicles 22:7 And the destruction of Ahaziah was of God by coming to Joram: for …

2 Chronicles 25:20 But Amaziah would not hear; for it came of God, that he might deliver …

Psalm 115:3 But our God is in the heavens: he has done whatever he has pleased.

had dominion

Judges 13:1 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD…

Judges 15:11 Then three thousand men of Judah went to the top of the rock Etam, …

Deuteronomy 28:48 Therefore shall you serve your enemies which the LORD shall send …







Lexicon
(Now his father
וְאָבִ֨יו (wə·’ā·ḇîw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

and mother
וְאִמּ֜וֹ (wə·’im·mōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 517: A mother, )

did not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

know
יָדְע֗וּ (yā·ḏə·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

this
הִ֔יא (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was from
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

the LORD,
מֵיְהוָה֙ (Yah·weh)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

who
הֽוּא־ (hū-)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was seeking
מְבַקֵּ֖שׁ (mə·ḇaq·qêš)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1245: To search out, to strive after

an occasion to move
תֹאֲנָ֥ה (ṯō·’ă·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8385: Occasion or time of copulation

against the Philistines;
מִפְּלִשְׁתִּ֑ים (mip·pə·liš·tîm)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

for at that
הַהִ֔יא (ha·hî)
Article | Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

time
וּבָעֵ֣ת (ū·ḇā·‘êṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6256: Time, now, when

the Philistines
פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים (pə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

were ruling
מֹשְׁלִ֥ים (mō·šə·lîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4910: To rule, have dominion, reign

over Israel.)
בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (bə·yiś·rā·’êl)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc
(4) That it was of the Lord.--All that can be meant is that in this marriage God was overruling the course of events to the furtherance of His own designs. He makes even the weakness and the fierceness of man redound to His praise. (Comp. Joshua 11:10; 2Chronicles 25:20.) See the same phrase in the story of Rehoboam's folly (1Kings 12:15). "Behold this evil is of the Lord," says Elisha in 2Kings 6:33. It is the strong sense of the Divine rule which we find even in heathen writers, so that in the very opening lines of Homer we find the poet saying, "that amid all the crimes and passions of men the counsel of Zeus was being accomplished."

"Achilles' wrath, to Greece the direful spring

Of woes unnumbered, heavenly goddess sing:

That wrath which hurled to Pluto's gloomy reign

The souls of mighty chiefs unnumbered slain,

Whose limbs, unburied on the naked shore,

Devouring dogs and hungry vultures tore,

Since great Achilles and Atrides strove,--

Such was the sovereign doom, and such the will of Jove!."

That he sought an occasion.--Some commentators explain "he" to mean Jehovah, which seems most unlikely. The word rendered "an occasion" is rather, "a quarrel" (LXX., "retribution," or "vengeance").

Verse 4. - It was of or from the Lord. It was the method decreed by God's providence for bringing about a rupture with the Philistines. That he sought. Rather, because he sought. The writer explains the purpose of the providence. It is doubtful whether "he" refers to Samson or to the Lord. Most commentators refer it to Samson; but it is contrary to the whole tenor of Samson's impetuous course, and to all probability, that he should have asked for the Timnathite damsel merely for the sake of quarreling with the Philistines; whereas the statement that Samson s obstinate determination to take a Philistine wife was the means which God's secret purpose had fixed upon for bringing about the eventual overthrow of the Philistine dominion is in exact accordance with other declarations of Holy Scripture (cf. e.g. Exodus 7:3, 4; Joshua 11:20; 1 Samuel 2:25; 1 Kings 12:15; 2 Chronicles 10:15; 2 Chronicles 22:7; 2 Chronicles 25:20). An occasion. The noun only occurs here; but the verb, in its several conjugations, means, to happen at the right time; to bring a person or thing at the right time (Exodus 21:13, deliver, A.V.); to be brought at the right time (Proverbs 12:21, happen, A.V.); to seek the right time for injuring any one (2 Kings 5:7, seeketh a quarrel, A.V. ). 14:1-4 As far as Samson's marriage was a common case, it was weak and foolish of him to set his affections upon a daughter of the Philistines. Shall one, not only an Israelite, but a Nazarite, devoted to the Lord, covet to become one with a worshipper of Dagon? It does not appear that he had any reason to think her wise or virtuous, or any way likely to be a help meet for him; but he saw something in her agreeable to his fancy. He that, in the choice of a wife, is only guided by his eye, and governed by his fancy, must afterwards thank himself if he find a Philistine in his arms. Yet it was well done not to proceed till Samson had made his parents acquainted with the matter. Children ought not to marry, nor to move towards it, without the advice and consent of their parents. Samson's parents did well to dissuade him from yoking himself unequally with unbelievers. It seems that it pleased God to leave Samson to follow his own inclinations, intending to bring out good from his conduct; and his parents consented, because he was bent upon it. However, his example is not recorded for us to do likewise.
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Alphabetical: His against an and at confront did father for from He his However Israel Israel it know LORD mother not Now occasion of over parents Philistines ruling seeking that the they this time to was were who

OT History: Judges 14:4 But his father and his mother didn't (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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