Exodus 7:3
New International Version
But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in Egypt,

New Living Translation
But I will make Pharaoh’s heart stubborn so I can multiply my miraculous signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.

English Standard Version
But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt,

Berean Study Bible
But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and though I will multiply My signs and wonders in the land of Egypt,

King James Bible
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

New King James Version
And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.

New American Standard Bible
But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, so that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.

NASB 1995
"But I will harden Pharaoh's heart that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.

NASB 1977
“But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.

Amplified Bible
And I will make Pharaoh’s heart hard, and multiply My signs and My wonders (miracles) in the land of Egypt.

Christian Standard Bible
But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart and multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But I will harden Pharaoh's heart and multiply My signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.

American Standard Version
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And I shall harden the heart of Pharaoh and I shall multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And I will harden the heart of Pharao, and I will multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But I shall harden his heart, and shall multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt,

English Revised Version
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But I will make Pharaoh stubborn. Even though I will do many miraculous signs and amazing things in Egypt,

International Standard Version
I'll harden Pharaoh's heart and I'll add more and more of my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.

Literal Standard Version
And I harden the heart of Pharaoh, and have multiplied My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt,

NET Bible
But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and although I will multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt,

New Heart English Bible
I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

World English Bible
I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

Young's Literal Translation
'And I harden the heart of Pharaoh, and have multiplied My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt,

Additional Translations ...
Context
God Commands Moses and Aaron
2You are to speak all that I command you, and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh to let the Israelites go out of his land. 3But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and though I will multiply My signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, 4Pharaoh will not listen to you. Then I will lay My hand on Egypt, and by mighty acts of judgment I will bring the divisions of My people the Israelites out of the land of Egypt.…

Cross References
Acts 7:36
He led them out and performed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, at the Red Sea, and for forty years in the wilderness.

Romans 9:18
Therefore God has mercy on whom He wants to have mercy, and He hardens whom He wants to harden.

Exodus 3:20
So I will stretch out My hand and strike the Egyptians with all the wonders I will perform among them. And after that, he will release you.

Exodus 4:21
The LORD instructed Moses, "When you go back to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders that I have put within your power. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

Exodus 7:13
Still, Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he would not listen to them, just as the LORD had said.

Exodus 11:9
The LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt."

Exodus 11:10
Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart so that he would not let the Israelites go out of his land.

Exodus 14:4
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart so that he will pursue them. But I will gain honor by means of Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD." So this is what the Israelites did.

Psalm 78:43
when He performed His signs in Egypt and His wonders in the fields of Zoan.


Treasury of Scripture

And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

And I

Exodus 4:21,29
And the LORD said unto Moses, When thou goest to return into Egypt, see that thou do all those wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in thine hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go…

multiply

Exodus 4:7
And he said, Put thine hand into thy bosom again. And he put his hand into his bosom again; and plucked it out of his bosom, and, behold, it was turned again as his other flesh.

Exodus 9:16
And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power; and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth.

Exodus 11:9
And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.









(3) I will harden Pharaoh's heart.--See the comment on Exodus 4:21.

My signs and my wonders.--"Signs" ('othoth) were miracles done as credentials, to prove a mission (Exodus 4:8-9; Exodus 4:30). "Wonders" (mophoth) were miracles generally; niphle'oth, also translated" wonders" (Exodus 3:20), were miracles, wrought in the way of punishment. These last are called also shophetiin, "judgments." (See Exodus 7:4.)

Verse 3. - I will harden Pharaoh's heart. See the comment on Exodus 4:21. And multiply my signs and my wonders. The idea of a long series of miracles is here, for the first time, distinctly introduced. Three signs had been given (Exodus 4:3-9); one further miracle had been mentioned (ib. 23). Now a multiplication of signs and wonders is promised. Compare Exodus 3:20, and Exodus 6:6, which, however, are not so explicit as the present passage.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
But I
וַאֲנִ֥י (wa·’ă·nî)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's 589: I

will harden
אַקְשֶׁ֖ה (’aq·šeh)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's 7185: To be hard, severe or fierce

Pharaoh’s
פַּרְעֹ֑ה (par·‘ōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6547: Pharaoh -- a title of Egypt kings

heart,
לֵ֣ב (lêḇ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

and though I will multiply
וְהִרְבֵּיתִ֧י (wə·hir·bê·ṯî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's 7235: To be or become much, many or great

My signs
אֹתֹתַ֛י (’ō·ṯō·ṯay)
Noun - common plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's 226: A signal, as a, flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence

and wonders
מוֹפְתַ֖י (mō·wp̄·ṯay)
Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's 4159: A miracle, a token, omen

in the land
בְּאֶ֥רֶץ (bə·’e·reṣ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 776: Earth, land

of Egypt,
מִצְרָֽיִם׃ (miṣ·rā·yim)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa


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OT Law: Exodus 7:3 I will harden Pharaoh's heart and multiply (Exo. Ex)
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