Exodus 7:14
New International Version
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is unyielding; he refuses to let the people go.

New Living Translation
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is stubborn, and he still refuses to let the people go.

English Standard Version
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hardened; he refuses to let the people go.

Berean Study Bible
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is stubborn; he refuses to let the people go.

New American Standard Bible
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is stubborn; he refuses to let the people go.

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go.

Christian Standard Bible
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is hard: He refuses to let the people go.

Contemporary English Version
The LORD said to Moses: The Egyptian king stubbornly refuses to change his mind and let the people go.

Good News Translation
Then the LORD said to Moses, "The king is very stubborn and refuses to let the people go.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is hard: he refuses to let the people go.

International Standard Version
Then the LORD told Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is hard. He has refused to let the people go.

NET Bible
The LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is hard; he refuses to release the people.

New Heart English Bible
The LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is stubborn. He refuses to let the people go.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh is being stubborn. He refuses to let my people go.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Pharaoh's heart is stubborn, he refuseth to let the people go.

New American Standard 1977
Then the LORD said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is stubborn; he refuses to let the people go.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart is become grievous, for he refuses to let the people go.

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened, he refuses to let the people go.

American King James Version
And the LORD said to Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened, he refuses to let the people go.

American Standard Version
And Jehovah said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart is stubborn, he refuseth to let the people go.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and the Lord said to Moses, The heart of Pharao is made hard, so that he should not let the people go.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord said to Moses: Pharao's heart is hardened, he will not let the people go.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah said to Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened: he refuseth to let the people go.

English Revised Version
And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart is stubborn, he refuseth to let the people go.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD said to Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened; he refuseth to let the people go.

World English Bible
Yahweh said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is stubborn. He refuses to let the people go.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'The heart of Pharaoh hath been hard, he hath refused to send the people away;
Study Bible
The First Plague: Blood
14Then the LORD said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is stubborn; he refuses to let the people go. 15Go to Pharaoh in the morning as you see him walking out to the water. Wait on the bank of the Nile to meet him, and take in your hand the staff that was changed into a snake.…
Cross References
Exodus 7:13
Still, Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he did not listen to them, just as the LORD had said.

Exodus 7:15
Go to Pharaoh in the morning as you see him walking out to the water. Wait on the bank of the Nile to meet him, and take in your hand the staff that was changed into a snake.

Exodus 9:7
So Pharaoh sent officials, who saw that none of the livestock of the Israelites had died. But Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he would not let the people go.

Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD said to Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened, he refuses to let the people go.

Pharaoh's

Exodus 8:15
But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

Exodus 10:1,20,27
And the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh: for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants, that I might shew these my signs before him: …

Zechariah 7:12
Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the LORD of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the LORD of hosts.

he refuseth

Exodus 4:23
And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.

Exodus 8:2
And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs:

Exodus 9:2
For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still,







Lexicon
Then the LORD
יְהוָה֙ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

said
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

Moses,
מֹשֶׁ֔ה (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver

“Pharaoh’s
פַּרְעֹ֑ה (par·‘ōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6547: Pharaoh -- a title of Egypt kings

heart
לֵ֣ב (lêḇ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

is stubborn;
כָּבֵ֖ד (kā·ḇêḏ)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3515: Heavy

he refuses
מֵאֵ֖ן (mê·’ên)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3985: To refuse

to let the people
הָעָֽם׃ (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

go.
לְשַׁלַּ֥ח (lə·šal·laḥ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out
THE FIRST PLAGUE.

(14-21) The water turned to blood.--Moses had already been empowered to turn water into blood on a small scale (Exodus 4:9), and had exhibited his power before his own people (Exodus 4:30). But the present miracle is different. (1) It is to be done on the largest possible scale; (2) in the sight of all the Egyptians; and (3) not as a sign, but as a "judgment." All the Nile water--whether in the main river, or its branches, or the canals derived from it, or the pools formed by its inundation or by percolation through its banks, or in artificial reservoirs, including the tanks of wood or stone attached to houses (Exodus 7:19)--is to be "turned to blood:" i.e., not merely turned of a red colour, either by admixture of earthy matter or of Infusoriae, but made to have all the qualities and appearance of blood, so as to become offensive, horrible, loathsome (Exodus 7:18). The judgment strikes the Egyptians two several blows. (1) It involves an insult to their religion, and brings it into discredit, since the Nile-god, Hapi, was a main object of worship, closely connected with Osiris, and even with Amnion, celebrated in hymns with the most extravagant titles of honour (Records of the Past, vol. iv. pp. 108-110), and a frequent object of public adoration in festivals. (2) It is a great physical affliction. They are accustomed to use the Nile water for drinking, for ablutions, for the washing of their clothes, and for culinary purposes; they have great difficulty in procuring any other; they delight in the Nile water, regard it as the best in the world, are in the habit of drinking deep draughts of it continually. This is all put a stop to. They suffer from thirst, from enforced uncleanliness, from the horror of blood all about them, even in their cisterns. Again, their fish are killed. Fish was one of their principal foods, perhaps the main food of the common people; and the river was the chief source whence the fish supply was obtained, for even the Lake Moeris was an off-shoot from the river (Herod. ii. 149). Their fish supply is stopped. The punishment is retaliatory: for as they had made the Nile the means of destroying Hebrew infants (Exodus 1:22), so that Hebrew parents had loathed to drink of it, as though stained with the blood of their children, so is it now made by means of blood undrinkable for themselves. The plague lasts seven days (Exodus 7:25), a longer time than any other; and if not so destructive as the later ones, was perhaps of all the most nauseous and disgusting.

Verses 14-21. - THE FIRST PLAGUE. The first miracle had been exhibited, and had failed. It had been a mere "sign," and in no respect a "judgment." Now the "judgments ' were to begin. God manifests himself again to Moses, and gives him exact directions what he is to do. He is to meet Pharaoh on the banks of the Nile, and to warn him that a plague is coming upon all Egypt on account of his obstinacy; that the waters of the Nile will be turned to blood, so that the ash will die, and the river stink, and the Egyptians loathe to drink of the water of the river (vers. 15-18). Pharaoh not yielding, making no sign, the threat is to be immediately followed by the act. In the sight of Pharaoh and his court, or at any rate of his train of attendants (ver. 20), Aaron is to stretch his rod over the Nile, and the water is at once to become blood, the fish to die, and the river in a short time to become offensive, or, in the simple and direct language of the Bible, to stink. The commands given by God are executed, and the result is as declared beforehand by Moses (vers. 20, 21). Verse 14. - Pharaoh's heart is hardened. Rather, "is hard, is dull." The adjective used is entirely unconnected with the verb of the preceding verse. 7:14-25 Here is the first of the ten plagues, the turning of the water into blood. It was a dreadful plague. The sight of such vast rolling streams of blood could not but strike horror. Nothing is more common than water: so wisely has Providence ordered it, and so kindly, that what is so needful and serviceable to the comfort of human life, should be cheap and almost every where to be had; but now the Egyptians must either drink blood, or die for thirst. Egypt was a pleasant land, but the dead fish and blood now rendered it very unpleasant. It was a righteous plague, and justly sent upon the Egyptians; for Nile, the river of Egypt, was their idol. That creature which we idolize, God justly takes from us, or makes bitter to us. They had stained the river with the blood of the Hebrews' children, and now God made that river all blood. Never any thirsted after blood, but sooner or later they had enough of it. It was a significant plague; Egypt had great dependence upon their river, Zec 14:18; so that in smiting the river, they were warned of the destruction of all the produce of their country. The love of Christ to his disciples changes all their common mercies into spiritual blessings; the anger of God towards his enemies, renders their most valued advantages a curse and a misery to them. Aaron is to summon the plague by smiting the river with his rod. It was done in the sight of Pharaoh and his attendants, for God's true miracles were not performed as Satan's lying wonders; truth seeks no corners. See the almighty power of God. Every creature is that to us which he makes it to be water or blood. See what changes we may meet with in the things of this world; what is always vain, may soon become vexatious. See what mischievous work sin makes. If the things that have been our comforts prove our crosses, we must thank ourselves. It is sin that turns our waters into blood. The plague continued seven days; and in all that time Pharaoh's proud heart would not let him desire Moses to pray for the removal of it. Thus the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath. No wonder that God's anger is not turned away, but that his hand is stretched out still.
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