Exodus 7:3
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
"But I will harden Pharaoh's heart that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.

King James Bible
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

Darby Bible Translation
And I will render Pharaoh's heart obdurate, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

World English Bible
I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

Young's Literal Translation
'And I harden the heart of Pharaoh, and have multiplied My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt,

Exodus 7:3 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Wonders - A word used only of portents performed to prove a divine interposition; they were the credentials of God's messengers.

Exodus 7:3 Parallel Commentaries

Library
The Hardening in the Sacred Scripture.
"He hath hardened their heart."-- John xii. 40. The Scripture teaches positively that the hardening and "darkening of their foolish heart" is a divine, intentional act. This is plainly evident from God's charge to Moses concerning the king of Egypt: "Thou shalt speak all that I command thee; and I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply My signs and wonders in the land of Egypt. But Pharaoh shall not harken unto you, and I will lay My hand upon Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know that I am the
Abraham Kuyper—The Work of the Holy Spirit

Exposition of Chap. Iii. (ii. 28-32. )
Ver. 1. "And it shall come to pass, afterwards, I will pour out My Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy; your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions." The communication of the Spirit of God was the constant prerogative of the Covenant-people. Indeed, the very idea of such a people necessarily requires it. For the Spirit of God is the only inward bond betwixt Him and that which is created; a Covenant-people, therefore, without such an inward
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Acts 7:36
"This man led them out, performing wonders and signs in the land of Egypt and in the Red Sea and in the wilderness for forty years.

Romans 9:18
So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires.

Exodus 3:20
"So I will stretch out My hand and strike Egypt with all My miracles which I shall do in the midst of it; and after that he will let you go.

Exodus 4:21
The LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders which I have put in your power; but I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

Exodus 7:13
Yet Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he did not listen to them, as the LORD had said.

Exodus 11:9
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that My wonders will be multiplied in the land of Egypt."

Exodus 11:10
Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh; yet the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the sons of Israel go out of his land.

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