2 Chronicles 34:13
New International Version
had charge of the laborers and supervised all the workers from job to job. Some of the Levites were secretaries, scribes and gatekeepers.

New Living Translation
were put in charge of the laborers of the various trades. Still others assisted as secretaries, officials, and gatekeepers.

English Standard Version
were over the burden-bearers and directed all who did work in every kind of service, and some of the Levites were scribes and officials and gatekeepers.

Berean Study Bible
were over the laborers and supervised all who did the work, task by task. Some of the Levites were secretaries, officers, and gatekeepers.

New American Standard Bible
They were also over the burden bearers, and supervised all the workmen from job to job; and some of the Levites were scribes and officials and gatekeepers.

King James Bible
Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and were overseers of all that wrought the work in any manner of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.

Christian Standard Bible
They were also over the porters and were supervising all those doing the work task by task. Some of the Levites were secretaries, officers, and gatekeepers.

Contemporary English Version
were in charge of carrying supplies and supervising the workers. Other Levites were appointed to stand guard around the temple.

Good News Translation
Other Levites were in charge of transporting materials and supervising the workers on various jobs, and others kept records or served as guards.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They were also over the porters and were supervising all those doing the work task by task. Some of the Levites were secretaries, officers, and gatekeepers.

International Standard Version
These men also supervised the heavy lift workers and supervised all the workmen from job to job, while some of the descendants of Levi served as scribes, officials, and gatekeepers.

NET Bible
supervised the laborers and all the foremen on their various jobs. Some of the Levites were scribes, officials, and guards.

New Heart English Bible
Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and set forward all who did the work in every kind of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and gatekeepers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
also supervised the workers and directed all the workmen on the various jobs. Some of the Levites served as scribes, officials, or gatekeepers.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and presided over all that did the work in every manner of service; and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.

New American Standard 1977
They were also over the burden bearers, and supervised all the workmen from job to job; and some of the Levites were scribes and officials and gatekeepers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Also they were over the bearers of burdens and were overseers of all that wrought the work in any manner of service; and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.

King James 2000 Bible
Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and were overseers of all that did the work in any kind of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and gatekeepers.

American King James Version
Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and were overseers of all that worked the work in any manner of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.

American Standard Version
Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and set forward all that did the work in every manner of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And overseers were over the burden-bearers, and over all the workmen in the respective works; and of the Levites were appointed scribes, and judges, and porters.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But over them that carried burdens for divers uses, were scribes, and masters of the number of the Levites, and porters.

Darby Bible Translation
They were also over the bearers of burdens, and were overseers of all that worked in any manner of service. And of the Levites were the scribes, and officers, and doorkeepers.

English Revised Version
Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and set forward all that did the work in every manner of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.

Webster's Bible Translation
Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and were overseers of all that wrought the work in any manner of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.

World English Bible
Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and set forward all who did the work in every kind of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.

Young's Literal Translation
and over the burden-bearers, and overseers of every one doing work for service and service; and of the Levites are scribes, and officers, and gatekeepers.
Study Bible
Josiah Repairs the Temple
12And the men did the work faithfully. The Levites overseeing them were Jahath and Obadiah, descendants of Merari, and Zechariah and Meshullam descendants of Kohath. Other Levites, all skilled with musical instruments, 13were over the laborers and supervised all who did the work, task by task. Some of the Levites were secretaries, officers, and gatekeepers.
Cross References
2 Kings 7:10
So they went and called out to the gatekeepers of the city, saying, "We went to the Aramean camp and no one was there--not a trace--only tethered horses and donkeys, and the tents were intact."

Nehemiah 4:10
Meanwhile, the people of Judah said: "The strength of the laborer fails, and there is so much rubble that we will never be able to rebuild the wall."

Treasury of Scripture

Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and were overseers of all that worked the work in any manner of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.

the bearers

2 Chronicles 2:10,18
And, behold, I will give to thy servants, the hewers that cut timber, twenty thousand measures of beaten wheat, and twenty thousand measures of barley, and twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil…

2 Chronicles 8:10
And these were the chief of king Solomon's officers, even two hundred and fifty, that bare rule over the people.

Nehemiah 4:10
And Judah said, The strength of the bearers of burdens is decayed, and there is much rubbish; so that we are not able to build the wall.

and of the Levites

1 Chronicles 23:4,5
Of which, twenty and four thousand were to set forward the work of the house of the LORD; and six thousand were officers and judges: …

scribes

Ezra 7:6
This Ezra went up from Babylon; and he was a ready scribe in the law of Moses, which the LORD God of Israel had given: and the king granted him all his request, according to the hand of the LORD his God upon him.

Jeremiah 8:8
How do ye say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us? Lo, certainly in vain made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain.

Matthew 26:3
Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

officers

2 Chronicles 19:11
And, behold, Amariah the chief priest is over you in all matters of the LORD; and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, for all the king's matters: also the Levites shall be officers before you. Deal courageously, and the LORD shall be with the good.

1 Chronicles 23:4
Of which, twenty and four thousand were to set forward the work of the house of the LORD; and six thousand were officers and judges:

1 Chronicles 26:29,30
Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges…

porters

2 Chronicles 8:14
And he appointed, according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests to their service, and the Levites to their charges, to praise and minister before the priests, as the duty of every day required: the porters also by their courses at every gate: for so had David the man of God commanded.

1 Chronicles 9:17
And the porters were, Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and their brethren: Shallum was the chief;

1 Chronicles 15:18
And with them their brethren of the second degree, Zechariah, Ben, and Jaaziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, Eliab, and Benaiah, and Maaseiah, and Mattithiah, and Elipheleh, and Mikneiah, and Obededom, and Jeiel, the porters.







Lexicon
were over
וְעַ֣ל (wə·‘al)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the laborers
הַסַּבָּלִ֗ים (has·sab·bā·lîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5449: Burden bearer

and supervised
וּֽמְנַצְּחִים֙ (ū·mə·naṣ·ṣə·ḥîm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5329: To glitter from afar, to be eminent, to be permanent

all
לְכֹל֙ (lə·ḵōl)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

who did
עֹשֵׂ֣ה (‘ō·śêh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

the work,
מְלָאכָ֔ה (mə·lā·ḵāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4399: Deputyship, ministry, employment, work, property

task
לַעֲבוֹדָ֖ה (la·‘ă·ḇō·w·ḏāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5656: Work of any kind

by task.
וַעֲבוֹדָ֑ה (wa·‘ă·ḇō·w·ḏāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5656: Work of any kind

Some of the Levites
וּמֵֽהַלְוִיִּ֔ם (ū·mê·hal·wî·yim)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-m, Article | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3881: Levites -- descendant of Levi

were secretaries,
סוֹפְרִ֥ים (sō·wp̄·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5608: To count, recount, relate

officers,
וְשֹׁטְרִ֖ים (wə·šō·ṭə·rîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7860: A scribe, an official superintendent, magistrate

and gatekeepers.
וְשׁוֹעֲרִֽים׃ (wə·šō·w·‘ă·rîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7778: A gatekeeper
(13) Also.--And.

They.--The Levitical musicians-

Were over the bearers of burdens.--They probably cheered their labours with song and music; as was the practice in ancient Egypt.

And were overseers.--Leaders, conductors; see Note on 2Chronicles 34:12. Notice the honourable position here assigned to the musical guilds of Levites.

And of the Levites . . . porters.--In connection, that is, with the work of restoration. But comp. 1Chronicles 23:4-5. The writer may only intend to say that there were Levitical guilds of "scribes, officers, and porters," as well as of musicians.

Scribes.--1Chronicles 2:55.

Verse 13. - Scribes. Considering the mention of "scribes" in the plural in 1 Kings 4:3, although it stands alone, till, at all events, the time of Hezekiah (as testified by Proverbs 25:1), it is at any rate not improbable that an order of scribes was instituted by Solomon; that it fell into desuetude immediately under the divided kingdom, and, coming into vogue again under Hezekiah, is now mentioned in the natural way we here find it. The mention of the "scribe" in the singular number is of frequent occurrence in the historic books, and in Isaiah (Isaiah 33:18; Isaiah 36:22). The officers. This word reproduces, in the Hebrew, the familiar shoterim of Exodus 5:10 (see also 1 Chronicles 23:3-6). 34:1-33 Josiah's good reign in Judah. - As the years of infancy cannot be useful to our fellow-creatures, our earliest youth should be dedicated to God, that we may not waste any of the remaining short space of life. Happy and wise are those who seek the Lord and prepare for usefulness at an early age, when others are pursuing sinful pleasures, contracting bad habits, and forming ruinous connexions. Who can express the anguish prevented by early piety, and its blessed effects? Diligent self-examination and watchfulness will convince us of the deceitfulness and wickedness of our own hearts, and the sinfulness of our lives. We are here encouraged to humble ourselves before God, and to seek unto him, as Josiah did. And believers are here taught, not to fear death, but to welcome it, when it takes them away from the evil to come. Nothing hastens the ruin of a people, nor ripens them for it, more than their disregard of the attempts made for their reformation. Be not deceived, God is not mocked. The current and tide of affections only turns at the command of Him who raises up those that are dead in trespasses and sins. We behold peculiar loveliness, in the grace the Lord bestows on those, who in tender years seek to know and to love the Saviour. Hath Jesus, the Day-spring from on high, visited you? Can you trace your knowledge of this light and life of man, like Josiah, from your youth? Oh the unspeakable happiness of becoming acquainted with Jesus from our earliest years!
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Alphabetical: all also and bearers burden charge doorkeepers from gatekeepers had job laborers Levites of officials over scribes secretaries Some supervised the They to were workers workmen

OT History: 2 Chronicles 34:13 Also they were over the bearers (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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