Nehemiah 4:16
New International Version
From that day on, half of my men did the work, while the other half were equipped with spears, shields, bows and armor. The officers posted themselves behind all the people of Judah

New Living Translation
But from then on, only half my men worked while the other half stood guard with spears, shields, bows, and coats of mail. The leaders stationed themselves behind the people of Judah

English Standard Version
From that day on, half of my servants worked on construction, and half held the spears, shields, bows, and coats of mail. And the leaders stood behind the whole house of Judah,

Berean Study Bible
And from that day on, half of my men did the work while the other half held spears, shields, bows, and armor. The officers stationed themselves behind all the people of Judah

New American Standard Bible
From that day on, half of my servants carried on the work while half of them held the spears, the shields, the bows and the breastplates; and the captains were behind the whole house of Judah.

King James Bible
And it came to pass from that time forth, that the half of my servants wrought in the work, and the other half of them held both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the habergeons; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.

Christian Standard Bible
From that day on, half of my men did the work while the other half held spears, shields, bows, and armor. The officers supported all the people of Judah,

Contemporary English Version
From then on, I let half of the young men work while the other half stood guard. They wore armor and had spears and shields, as well as bows and arrows. The leaders helped the workers

Good News Translation
From then on half of my men worked and half stood guard, wearing coats of armor and armed with spears, shields, and bows. And our leaders gave their full support to the people

Holman Christian Standard Bible
From that day on, half of my men did the work while the other half held spears, shields, bows, and armor. The officers supported all the people of Judah,

International Standard Version
From that day on, half of my helpers engaged in the work while the other half kept spears, shields, bows, and armor ready. The senior officials backed all of the Judeans

NET Bible
From that day forward, half of my men were doing the work and half of them were taking up spears, shields, bows, and body armor. Now the officers were behind all the people of Judah

New Heart English Bible
It happened from that time forth, that half of my servants worked in the work, and half of them held the spears, and the shields, and the bows, and the coats of mail; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
From that day on, half of my men worked on the wall, and the other half were wearing body armor and holding spears, shields, and bows. The leaders stood behind all the Judeans

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass from that time forth, that half of my servants wrought in the work, and half of them held the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the coats of mail; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.

New American Standard 1977
And it came about from that day on, that half of my servants carried on the work while half of them held the spears, the shields, the bows, and the breastplates; and the captains were behind the whole house of Judah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass from that time forth that half of the young men wrought in the work, and the other half of them held spears, shields, bows, and coats of mail; and the princes were behind all the house of Judah.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass from that time forth, that the half of my servants worked in the work, and the other half of them held the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the armor; and the rulers supported all the house of Judah.

American King James Version
And it came to pass from that time forth, that the half of my servants worked in the work, and the other half of them held both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the habergeons; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass from that time forth, that half of my servants wrought in the work, and half of them held the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the coats of mail; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And it came to pass from that day that half of them that had been driven forth, wrought the work, and half of them kept guard; and there were spears, and shields, and bows, and breast-plates, and rulers behind the whole house of Juda,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it came to pass from that day forward, that half of their young men did the work, and half were ready for to fight, with spears, and shields, and bows, and coats of mail, and the rulers were behind them in all the house of Juda.

Darby Bible Translation
And from that time forth the half of my servants wrought in the work, and the other half of them held the spears, and the shields, and the bows, and the corslets; and the captains were behind all the house of Judah.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass from that time forth, that half of my servants wrought in the work, and half of them held the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the coats of mail; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, from that time forth, that the half of my servants wrought in the work, and the other half of them held both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the habergeons; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.

World English Bible
It happened from that time forth, that half of my servants worked in the work, and half of them held the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the coats of mail; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.

Young's Literal Translation
yea, it cometh to pass, from that day, half of my servants are working in the business, and half of them are keeping hold of both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the coats of mail; and the heads are behind all the house of Judah.
Study Bible
Discouragement Overcome
15When our enemies heard that we were aware of their scheme and that God had frustrated it, each of us returned to his own work on the wall. 16And from that day on, half of my men did the work while the other half held spears, shields, bows, and armor. The officers stationed themselves behind all the people of Judah 17who were rebuilding the wall. The laborers who carried materials worked with one hand and held a weapon with the other.…
Cross References
Nehemiah 4:15
When our enemies heard that we were aware of their scheme and that God had frustrated it, each of us returned to his own work on the wall.

Nehemiah 4:17
who were rebuilding the wall. The laborers who carried materials worked with one hand and held a weapon with the other.

Jeremiah 46:4
Harness the horses; mount the steeds; take your positions with helmets on! Polish your spears; put on armor!

Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass from that time forth, that the half of my servants worked in the work, and the other half of them held both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the habergeons; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.

my servants

Nehemiah 4:23
So neither I, nor my brethren, nor my servants, nor the men of the guard which followed me, none of us put off our clothes, saving that every one put them off for washing.

Nehemiah 5:15,16
But the former governors that had been before me were chargeable unto the people, and had taken of them bread and wine, beside forty shekels of silver; yea, even their servants bare rule over the people: but so did not I, because of the fear of God…

Psalm 101:6
Mine eyes shall be upon the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me: he that walketh in a perfect way, he shall serve me.







Lexicon
And
וַיְהִ֣י ׀ (way·hî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

from
מִן־ (min-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

that
הַה֗וּא (ha·hū)
Article | Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

day on,
הַיּ֣וֹם (hay·yō·wm)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

half
חֲצִ֣י (ḥă·ṣî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2677: The half, middle

of my men
נְעָרַי֮ (nə·‘ā·ray)
Noun - masculine plural construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5288: A boy, lad, youth, retainer

did
עֹשִׂ֣ים (‘ō·śîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

the work
בַּמְּלָאכָה֒ (bam·mə·lā·ḵāh)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4399: Deputyship, ministry, employment, work, property

while the other half
וְחֶצְיָ֗ם (wə·ḥeṣ·yām)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2677: The half, middle

held
מַחֲזִיקִים֙ (ma·ḥă·zî·qîm)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2388: To fasten upon, to seize, be strong, obstinate, to bind, restrain, conquer

spears,
וְהָרְמָחִ֣ים (wə·hā·rə·mā·ḥîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7420: A lance, the iron point

shields,
הַמָּגִנִּ֔ים (ham·mā·ḡin·nîm)
Article | Noun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 4043: A shield, a protector, the scaly hide of the crocodile

bows,
וְהַקְּשָׁת֖וֹת (wə·haq·qə·šā·ṯō·wṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7198: A bow, for, shooting, the iris

and armor.
וְהַשִּׁרְיֹנִ֑ים (wə·haš·šir·yō·nîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8302: Body armor

The officers
וְהַ֨שָּׂרִ֔ים (wə·haś·śā·rîm)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

[stationed themselves] behind
אַחֲרֵ֖י (’a·ḥă·rê)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 310: The hind or following part

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the people
בֵּ֥ית (bêṯ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

of Judah
יְהוּדָֽה׃ (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites
(16) My servants.--The building was resumed with special precautions, very minutely described. "Nehemiah's own servants" are distinguished from "all the house of Judah." The former were divided into two parties, one of which wrought on the work still unfinished and the other held their weapons.

Habergeons are coats of mail or corselets, thin plates of metal sewn upon leather.

The rulers were behind--Ready to lead the defence, if necessary.

Verse 16. - The half of my servants wrought in the work. Nehemiah divided his "servants" or slaves into two bodies, one of which laboured at the wall, while the other kept guard, fully armed, and held the spears, bows and arrows, shields, and corselets of their fellows. The rulers were behind. The "rulers" or "princes" did not labour, but stood behind the labourers, directing them, and ready to lead them on if the enemy ventured to come to blows. 4:16-23 We must watch always against spiritual enemies, and not expect that our warfare will be over till our work is ended. The word of God is the sword of the Spirit, which we ought to have always at hand, and never to have to seek for it, either in our labours, or in our conflicts, as Christians. Every true Christian is both a labourer and a soldier, working with one hand, and fighting with the other. Good work is likely to go on with success, when those who labour in it, make a business of it. And Satan fears to assault the watchful Christian; or, if attacked, the Lord fights for him. Thus must we wait to the close of life, never putting off our armour till our work and warfare are ended; then we shall be welcomed to the rest and joy of our Lord.
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Alphabetical: all and armor behind bows breastplates captains carried day did equipped From half held house Judah men my of officers on other people posted servants shields spears that the them themselves were while whole with work

OT History: Nehemiah 4:16 It happened from that time forth that (Neh Ne) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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