Exodus 17:11
New International Version
As long as Moses held up his hands, the Israelites were winning, but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning.

New Living Translation
As long as Moses held up the staff in his hand, the Israelites had the advantage. But whenever he dropped his hand, the Amalekites gained the advantage.

English Standard Version
Whenever Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed, and whenever he lowered his hand, Amalek prevailed.

Berean Study Bible
As long as Moses held up his hands, Israel prevailed; but when he lowered them, Amalek prevailed.

New American Standard Bible
So it came about when Moses held his hand up, that Israel prevailed, and when he let his hand down, Amalek prevailed.

King James Bible
And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

Christian Standard Bible
While Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed, but whenever he put his hand down, Amalek prevailed.

Contemporary English Version
The Israelites out-fought the Amalekites as long as Moses held up his arms, but they started losing whenever he lowered them.

Good News Translation
As long as Moses held up his arms, the Israelites won, but when he put his arms down, the Amalekites started winning.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
While Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed, but whenever he put his hand down, Amalek prevailed.

International Standard Version
Whenever Moses raised his hand, the Israelis prevailed, but when his hand remained at his side, then the Amalekites prevailed.

NET Bible
Whenever Moses would raise his hands, then Israel prevailed, but whenever he would rest his hands, then Amalek prevailed.

New Heart English Bible
It happened, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
As long as Moses held up his hands, Israel would win, but as soon as he put his hands down, the Amalekites would start to win.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

New American Standard 1977
So it came about when Moses held his hand up, that Israel prevailed, and when he let his hand down, Amalek prevailed.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; but when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

American King James Version
And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And it came to pass, when Moses lifted up his hands, Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hands, Amalec prevailed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when Moses lifted up his hands, Israel overcame: but if he let them down a little, Amalec overcame.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass when Moses raised his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

World English Bible
It happened, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

Young's Literal Translation
and it hath come to pass, when Moses lifteth up his hand, that Israel hath been mighty, and when he letteth his hands rest, that Amalek hath been mighty.
Study Bible
The Defeat of the Amalekites
10Joshua did as Moses had instructed him and fought against the Amalekites, while Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11As long as Moses held up his hands, Israel prevailed; but when he lowered them, Amalek prevailed. 12When Moses’ hands grew heavy, they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it. Then Aaron and Hur held his hands up, one on each side, so that his hands remained steady until the sun went down.…
Cross References
Exodus 17:10
Joshua did as Moses had instructed him and fought against the Amalekites, while Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.

Exodus 17:12
When Moses' hands grew heavy, they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it. Then Aaron and Hur held his hands up, one on each side, so that his hands remained steady until the sun went down.

Joshua 8:26
Joshua did not draw back his hand that held his battle lance until all the inhabitants of Ai were completely destroyed.

Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

Psalm 56:9
When I cry unto thee, then shall mine enemies turn back: this I know; for God is for me.

Luke 18:1
And he spake a parable unto them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;

1 Timothy 2:8
I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.







Lexicon
As long as
כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר (ka·’ă·šer)
Preposition-k | Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

Moses
מֹשֶׁ֛ה (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver

held up
יָרִ֥ים (yā·rîm)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7311: To be high actively, to rise, raise

his hands,
יָד֖וֹ (yā·ḏōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

prevailed;
וְגָבַ֣ר (wə·ḡā·ḇar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1396: To be strong, to prevail, act insolently

but when
וְכַאֲשֶׁ֥ר (wə·ḵa·’ă·šer)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-k | Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

he lowered
יָנִ֛יחַ (yā·nî·aḥ)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5117: To rest, settle down

[them],
יָד֖וֹ (yā·ḏōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

Amalek
עֲמָלֵֽק׃ (‘ă·mā·lêq)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6002: Amalek -- a descendant of Esau, also his posterity

prevailed.
וְגָבַ֥ר (wə·ḡā·ḇar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1396: To be strong, to prevail, act insolently
(11) When Moses held up his hand . . . Israel prevailed, &c.--In order to teach the lesson of the value of intercessory prayer, God made the fortunes of the fight to vary according as Moses "held up his hand," or allowed it to sink down. It is not probable that the Israelites were directly affected by the bodily movements of Moses, or indeed could discern them, but Moses, Aaron, and Hur were struck by the fact that the fluctuations in the battle coincided with the motions of Moses' hands.

Verse 11. - When Moses held up his hand,... Israel prevailed. The elevation of Moses' hand, with the rod held in it, was an appeal to God for aid, and must be supposed to have been accompanied by fervent prayer to God, that he would help his people and give them victory over their enemies. So long as the hand was upraised, the Israelites prevailed; not because they saw it, and took it as directing them to continue the fight (Kalisch), but because God gave them strength, and vigour and courage, while Moses interceded, and left them to themselves when the intercession ceased, It may be said, that Moses might have continued to pray, though his hands were weary; but only those who have tried, know how difficult a thing it is to pray with any intensity for a continuance. Probably Moses' spiritual and physical powers collapsed together; and when he dropped his hand through physical fatigue, he rested also from his mental effort. To impress upon Israel the importance of intercessory prayer, God made success and failure alternate with its continuance and discontinuance, thus teaching his people a lesson of inestimable value. 17:8-16 Israel engaged with Amalek in their own necessary defence. God makes his people able, and calls them to various services for the good of his church. Joshua fights, Moses prays, both minister to Israel. The rod was held up, as the banner to encourage the soldiers. Also to God, by way of appeal to him. Moses was tired. The strongest arm will fail with being long held out; it is God only whose hand is stretched out still. We do not find that Joshua's hands were heavy in fighting, but Moses' hands were heavy in praying; the more spiritual any service is, the more apt we are to fail and flag in it. To convince Israel that the hand of Moses, whom they had been chiding, did more for their safety than their own hands, his rod than their sword, the success rises and falls as Moses lifts up or lets down his hands. The church's cause is more or less successful, as her friends are more or less strong in faith, and fervent in prayer. Moses, the man of God, is glad of help. We should not be shy, either of asking help from others, or of giving help to others. The hands of Moses being thus stayed, were steady till the going down of the sun. It was great encouragement to the people to see Joshua before them in the field of battle, and Moses above them on the hill. Christ is both to us; our Joshua, the Captain of our salvation, who fights our battles, and our Moses, who ever lives, making intercession above, that our faith fail not. Weapons formed against God's Israel cannot prosper long, and shall be broken at last. Moses must write what had been done, what Amalek had done against Israel; write their bitter hatred; write their cruel attempts; let them never be forgotten, nor what God had done for Israel in saving them from Amalek. Write what should be done; that in process of time Amalek should be totally ruined and rooted out. Amalek's destruction was typical of the destruction of all the enemies of Christ and his kingdom.
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Alphabetical: about Amalek Amalekites and As but came down hand hands he held his Israel Israelites it let long lowered Moses prevailed So that the up were when whenever winning

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