1 Chronicles 23:24
New International Version
These were the descendants of Levi by their families—the heads of families as they were registered under their names and counted individually, that is, the workers twenty years old or more who served in the temple of the LORD.

New Living Translation
These were the descendants of Levi by clans, the leaders of their family groups, registered carefully by name. Each had to be twenty years old or older to qualify for service in the house of the LORD.

English Standard Version
These were the sons of Levi by their fathers’ houses, the heads of fathers’ houses as they were listed according to the number of the names of the individuals from twenty years old and upward who were to do the work for the service of the house of the LORD.

Berean Study Bible
These were the descendants of Levi by their families—the heads of families, registered individually by name—those twenty years of age or older who worked in the service of the house of the LORD.

King James Bible
These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted by number of names by their polls, that did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from the age of twenty years and upward.

New King James Version
These were the sons of Levi by their fathers’ houses—the heads of the fathers’ houses as they were counted individually by the number of their names, who did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from the age of twenty years and above.

New American Standard Bible
These were the sons of Levi according to their fathers’ households, the heads of the fathers’ households of those among them who were counted, in the number of names by their head count, doing the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from twenty years old and upward.

NASB 1995
These were the sons of Levi according to their fathers’ households, even the heads of the fathers’ households of those of them who were counted, in the number of names by their census, doing the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from twenty years old and upward.

NASB 1977
These were the sons of Levi according to their fathers’ households, even the heads of the fathers’ households of those of them who were counted, in the number of names by their census, doing the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from twenty years old and upward.

Amplified Bible
These were the Levites by their fathers’ households, the heads of the fathers’ households of those registered, according to the number of names of the individuals who were the servants of the house of the LORD, from twenty years old and upward.

Christian Standard Bible
These were the descendants of Levi by their ancestral families —the family heads, according to their registration by name in the headcount—twenty years old or more, who worked in the service of the LORD’s temple.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These were the sons of Levi by their ancestral houses—the heads of families, according to their registration by name in the headcount󈟤 years old or more, who worked in the service of the LORD’s temple.

American Standard Version
These were the sons of Levi after their fathers houses, even the heads of the fathers houses of those of them that were counted, in the number of names by their polls, who did the work for the service of the house of Jehovah, from twenty years old and upward.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These are the sons of Levi for the house of their fathers, Chiefs of the fathers, for their accounting, in the number of their names by the Chief man presiding over the works that are necessary in the house of LORD JEHOVAH, from a son of twenty years and above.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
These are the sons of Levi according to the houses of their fathers; chiefs of their families according to their numbering, according to the number of their names, according to their polls, doing the works of service of the house of the Lord, from twenty years old and upward.

Contemporary English Version
These were the clans and families of the tribe of Levi. Those who were 20 years and older were assigned to work at the LORD's temple.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are the sons of Levi in their kindreds and families, princes by their courses, and the number of every head that did the works of the ministry of the house of the Lord from twenty years old and upward.

English Revised Version
These were the sons of Levi after their fathers' houses, even the heads of the fathers' houses of those of them that were counted, in the number of names by their polls, who did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from twenty years old and upward.

Good News Translation
These were the descendants of Levi, by clans and families, every one of them registered by name. Each of his descendants, twenty years of age or older, had a share in the work of the LORD's Temple.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These were Levi's descendants, who were grouped according to their families. The heads of their families were registered by name as they were counted. Everyone who served in the LORD's temple was at least 20 years old.

International Standard Version
These were the descendants of Levi according to their ancestral households, with family heads documented according to the names of persons 20 years and older who were appointed to perform work in service to the Temple of the LORD.

JPS Tanakh 1917
These were the sons of Levi after their fathers' houses, even the heads of the fathers' houses, according to their muster, in the number of names by their polls, who did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from twenty years old and upward.

Literal Standard Version
These [are] sons of Levi, by the house of their fathers, heads of the fathers, by their appointments, in the number of names, by their counted heads, doing the work for the service of the house of YHWH, from a son of twenty years and upward,

NET Bible
These were the descendants of Levi according to their families, that is, the leaders of families as counted and individually listed who carried out assigned tasks in the LORD's temple and were twenty years old and up.

New Heart English Bible
These were the sons of Levi after their fathers' houses, even the heads of ancestral houses of those who were counted individually, in the number of names by their polls, who do the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from twenty years old and upward.

World English Bible
These were the sons of Levi after their fathers' houses, even the heads of the fathers' houses of those who were counted individually, in the number of names by their polls, who did the work for the service of the house of Yahweh, from twenty years old and upward.

Young's Literal Translation
These are sons of Levi, by the house of their fathers, heads of the fathers, by their appointments, in the number of names, by their polls, doing the work for the service of the house of Jehovah, from a son of twenty years and upward,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Levite Duties Revised
24These were the descendants of Levi by their families the heads of families, registered individually by name— those twenty years of age or older who worked in the service of the house of the LORD. 25For David had said, “The LORD, the God of Israel, has given rest to His people and has come to dwell in Jerusalem forever.…

Cross References
Numbers 4:3
men from thirty to fifty years old--everyone who is qualified to serve in the work at the Tent of Meeting.

Numbers 4:23
from thirty to fifty years old, counting everyone who comes to serve in the work at the Tent of Meeting.

Numbers 4:35
everyone from thirty to fifty years old who came to serve in the work at the Tent of Meeting.

Numbers 8:24
"This applies to the Levites: Men twenty-five years of age or older shall enter to perform the service in the work at the Tent of Meeting.

Numbers 10:17
Then the tabernacle was taken down, and the Gershonites and the Merarites set out, transporting it.

Numbers 10:21
Then the Kohathites set out, transporting the holy objects; the tabernacle was to be set up before their arrival.

1 Chronicles 23:3
The Levites thirty years of age or older were counted, and the total number of men was 38,000.


Treasury of Scripture

These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted by number of names by their polls, that did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from the age of twenty years and upward.

the sons of Levi

Numbers 10:17,21
And the tabernacle was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari set forward, bearing the tabernacle…

after the house

Numbers 1:4
And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers.

Numbers 2:32
These are those which were numbered of the children of Israel by the house of their fathers: all those that were numbered of the camps throughout their hosts were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.

Numbers 3:15,20
Number the children of Levi after the house of their fathers, by their families: every male from a month old and upward shalt thou number them…

by their polls

Numbers 1:4
And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers.

Numbers 2:32
These are those which were numbered of the children of Israel by the house of their fathers: all those that were numbered of the camps throughout their hosts were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.

Numbers 3:15,20
Number the children of Levi after the house of their fathers, by their families: every male from a month old and upward shalt thou number them…

by their polls

Numbers 1:2,18,22
Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls; …

Numbers 3:47
Thou shalt even take five shekels apiece by the poll, after the shekel of the sanctuary shalt thou take them: (the shekel is twenty gerahs:)

Numbers 8:24
This is it that belongeth unto the Levites: from twenty and five years old and upward they shall go in to wait upon the service of the tabernacle of the congregation:

Numbers 8:24
This is it that belongeth unto the Levites: from twenty and five years old and upward they shall go in to wait upon the service of the tabernacle of the congregation:

twenty

1 Chronicles 23:3,27
Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty and eight thousand…

Numbers 1:3
From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

Numbers 4:3
From thirty years old and upward even until fifty years old, all that enter into the host, to do the work in the tabernacle of the congregation.









(24) These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers.--Rather, These were the sons of Levi, according to their father-houses (clans), heads of the houses (fathers, i.e., father-houses), to those mustered of them, in an enumeration of names according to their polls. This is the subscription to the foregoing list of names of the Levitical houses, as entered in the muster-rolls of David.

As they were counted.--Numbers 1:21; Exodus 30:14. The word is that used in 1Chronicles 21:6 (p?qad).

By number of names.--Numbers 1:18; Numbers 3:43. . . .

Verse 24. - This and the remaining verses of the chapter contain some general provisions regarding the offices and future work of the Levites - in part David's last edition of such provisions. (On the present verse comp. Numbers 1:1-4; Numbers 4:1-3, 21-23, 29, 30; Numbers 8:23-26.) It is not easy to reconcile this verse with ver. 3. Keil cuts the knot at once by supposing the "thirty" years of ver. 3 to be the error of a copyist, to whose memory the Mosaic census was present. And with Bertheau, he objects to the supposition that this verse describes a supplementary census, in conformity with "David's last words" (ver. 27), and as contrasted with his former directions. With the exception of what is contained in vers. 25-27, it is true that these do not offer themselves sufficient indications to make one feel confident of this explanation. On the other hand, to set down the number "thirty" in ver. 3 at once to the mistake of a copyist is too summary and convenient a way of escaping an awkward difficulty. It is evident that the following three verses do purport to explain why at this time the age of allowable service was altered to a standard so much lower than of old, and to assert that this alteration was recognized by the last orders of David.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
These
אֵ֣לֶּה (’êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

were the descendants
בְנֵֽי־ (ḇə·nê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Levi
לֵוִי֩ (lê·wî)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3878: Levi -- a son of Jacob, also the tribe descended from him

by their families—
אֲבֹתֵיהֶ֜ם (’ă·ḇō·ṯê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 1: Father

the heads
רָאשֵׁ֧י (rā·šê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 7218: The head

of families,
הָאָב֣וֹת (hā·’ā·ḇō·wṯ)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 1: Father

registered
לִפְקוּדֵיהֶ֗ם (lip̄·qū·ḏê·hem)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 6485: To visit, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit

individually
לְגֻלְגְּלֹתָ֔ם (lə·ḡul·gə·lō·ṯām)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 1538: A skull, head, poll (of persons)

by name—
שֵׁמוֹת֙ (šê·mō·wṯ)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 8034: A name

those twenty
עֶשְׂרִ֥ים (‘eś·rîm)
Number - common plural
Strong's 6242: Twenty, twentieth

years of age
מִבֶּ֛ן (mib·ben)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

or older
וָמָֽעְלָה׃ (wā·mā·‘ə·lāh)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb | third person feminine singular
Strong's 4605: The upper part, with prefix upward, above, overhead, from the top

who worked
עֹשֵׂה֙ (‘ō·śêh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6213: To do, make

in the service
לַעֲבֹדַ֖ת (la·‘ă·ḇō·ḏaṯ)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 5656: Work of any kind

of the house
בֵּ֣ית (bêṯ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1004: A house

of the LORD.
יְהוָ֑ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 23:24 These were the sons of Levi after (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 23:23
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