Exodus 21:10
New International Version
If he marries another woman, he must not deprive the first one of her food, clothing and marital rights.

New Living Translation
“If a man who has married a slave wife takes another wife for himself, he must not neglect the rights of the first wife to food, clothing, and sexual intimacy.

English Standard Version
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.

Berean Study Bible
If he takes another wife, he must not reduce the food, clothing, or marital rights of his first wife.

King James Bible
If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

New King James Version
If he takes another wife, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marriage rights.

New American Standard Bible
If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her food, her clothing, or her conjugal rights.

NASB 1995
“If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her food, her clothing, or her conjugal rights.

NASB 1977
“If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her food, her clothing, or her conjugal rights.

Amplified Bible
If her master marries another wife, he may not reduce her food, her clothing, or her privilege as a wife.

Christian Standard Bible
If he takes an additional wife, he must not reduce the food, clothing, or marital rights of the first wife.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If he takes an additional wife, he must not reduce the food, clothing, or marital rights of the first wife.

American Standard Version
If he take him another wife ; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if he will take to himself another wife; her provisions and her clothing and her bed he shall not take.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if he take another to himself, he shall not deprive her of necessaries and her apparel, and her companionship with him.

Contemporary English Version
If the man later marries another woman, he must continue to provide food and clothing for the one he bought and to treat her as a wife.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if he take another wife for him, he shall provide her a marriage, and raiment, neither shall he refuse the price of her chastity.

English Revised Version
If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

Good News Translation
If a man takes a second wife, he must continue to give his first wife the same amount of food and clothing and the same rights that she had before.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If that son marries another woman, he must not deprive the first wife of food, clothes, or sex.

International Standard Version
If he takes another woman for himself, he may not withhold from the first her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If he take him another wife, her food, her raiment, and her conjugal rights, shall he not diminish.

Literal Standard Version
If he takes another [woman] for him, he does not withdraw her food, her covering, and her habitation;

NET Bible
If he takes another wife, he must not diminish the first one's food, her clothing, or her marital rights.

New Heart English Bible
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marital rights.

World English Bible
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marital rights.

Young's Literal Translation
If another woman he take for him, her food, her covering, and her habitation, he doth not withdraw;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Laws for Servants
9And if he chooses her for his son, he must deal with her as with a daughter. 10If he takes another wife, he must not reduce the food, clothing, or marital rights of his first wife. 11If, however, he does not provide her with these three things, she is free to go without monetary payment.…

Cross References
1 Corinthians 7:3
The husband should fulfill his marital duty to his wife, and likewise the wife to her husband.

1 Corinthians 7:5
Do not deprive each other, except by mutual consent and for a time, so you may devote yourselves to prayer. Then come together again, so that Satan will not tempt you through your lack of self-control.

Exodus 21:9
And if he chooses her for his son, he must deal with her as with a daughter.

Exodus 21:11
If, however, he does not provide her with these three things, she is free to go without monetary payment.


Treasury of Scripture

If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

her food.

1 Corinthians 7:1-6
Now concerning the things whereof ye wrote unto me: It is good for a man not to touch a woman…









(10) If he take him another wife.--Polygamy is viewed as lawful in this passage, as elsewhere generally in the Mosaic Law, which did not venture to forbid, though to some extent discouraging it. The legislator was forced to allow many things to the Hebrews, "for the hardness of their hearts" (Matthew 19:8).

Her duty of marriage.--Rather, her right of cohabitation.

Verse 10. - If he take him another wife - i.e., If he marry her himself, and then take another, even a legitimate, wife - her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage shall he not diminish - she shall retain during her life all the privileges of a married woman - he shall not diminish aught from them. The word translated "duty of marriage" seems to mean "right of cohabitation."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

he takes
יִֽקַּֽח־ (yiq·qaḥ-)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3947: To take

another wife,
אַחֶ֖רֶת (’a·ḥe·reṯ)
Adjective - feminine singular construct
Strong's 312: Hinder, next, other

he must not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

reduce
יִגְרָֽע׃ (yiḡ·rā‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1639: To scrape off, to shave, remove, lessen, withhold

the food,
שְׁאֵרָ֛הּ (šə·’ê·rāh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 7607: Flesh, as living, for, food, food of any kind, kindred by blood

clothing,
כְּסוּתָ֥הּ (kə·sū·ṯāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 3682: A cover, a veiling

or marital rights [of his first wife].
וְעֹנָתָ֖הּ (wə·‘ō·nā·ṯāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5772: Sexual


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OT Law: Exodus 21:10 If he takes another wife to himself (Exo. Ex)
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