Exodus 21:18
New International Version
"If people quarrel and one person hits another with a stone or with their fist and the victim does not die but is confined to bed,

New Living Translation
"Now suppose two men quarrel, and one hits the other with a stone or fist, and the injured person does not die but is confined to bed.

English Standard Version
“When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist and the man does not die but takes to his bed,

Berean Study Bible
If men are quarreling and one strikes the other with a stone or a fist, and he does not die but is confined to bed,

New American Standard Bible
"If men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but remains in bed,

King James Bible
And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:

Christian Standard Bible
"When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or his fist, and the injured man does not die but is confined to bed,

Contemporary English Version
Suppose two of you are arguing, and you hit the other with either a rock or your fist, without causing a fatal injury. If the victim has to stay in bed,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or his fist, and the injured man does not die but is confined to bed,

International Standard Version
"If people quarrel and one strikes the other with a rock or his fist, and he does not die but ends up in bed,

NET Bible
"If men fight, and one strikes his neighbor with a stone or with his fist and he does not die, but must remain in bed,

New Heart English Bible
"If men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he doesn't die, but is confined to bed;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"This is what you must do whenever men quarrel and one hits the other with a rock or with his fist and injures him so that he has to stay in bed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if men contend, and one smite the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed;

New American Standard 1977
“And if men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but remains in bed;

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if men strive together and one smites another with a stone or with his fist and he dies not, but keeps his bed,

King James 2000 Bible
And if men strive together, and one strikes another with a stone, or with his fist, and he dies not, but keeps his bed:

American King James Version
And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keeps his bed:

American Standard Version
And if men contend, and one smite the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if two men revile each other and smite the one the other with a stone or his fist, and he die not, but be laid upon his bed;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If men quarrel, and the one strike his neighbour with a stone or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:

Darby Bible Translation
And if men dispute, and one strike the other with a stone, or with the fist, and he die not, but take to [his] bed,

English Revised Version
And if men contend, and one smiteth the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed:

Webster's Bible Translation
And if men contend together, and one shall smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he shall not die, but keep his bed:

World English Bible
"If men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he doesn't die, but is confined to bed;

Young's Literal Translation
'And when men contend, and a man hath smitten his neighbour with a stone, or with the fist, and he die not, but hath fallen on the bed;
Study Bible
Personal Injury Laws
17Anyone who curses his father or mother must surely be put to death. 18If men are quarreling and one strikes the other with a stone or a fist, and he does not die but is confined to bed, 19then the one who struck him shall go unpunished, as long as the other can get up and walk around outside with his staff. Nevertheless, he must compensate the man for his lost work and see that he is completely healed.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:17
Whoever curses his father or mother must surely be put to death.

Exodus 21:19
then the one who struck him shall go unpunished, as long as the other can get up and walk around outside with his staff. Nevertheless, he must compensate the man for his lost work and see that he is completely healed.

Treasury of Scripture

And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keeps his bed:

men

Exodus 21:22
If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.

Exodus 2:13
And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow?

Deuteronomy 25:11
When men strive together one with another, and the wife of the one draweth near for to deliver her husband out of the hand of him that smiteth him, and putteth forth her hand, and taketh him by the secrets:

another or his neighbour.

Exodus 21:20
And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.

Numbers 35:16-24
And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death…







Lexicon
If
וְכִֽי־ (wə·ḵî-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

men
אֲנָשִׁ֔ים (’ă·nā·šîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

are quarreling
יְרִיבֻ֣ן (yə·rî·ḇun)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | Paragogic nun
Strong's Hebrew 7378: To toss, grapple, to wrangle, controversy, to defend

and one
אִישׁ֙ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

strikes
וְהִכָּה־ (wə·hik·kāh-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

the other
רֵעֵ֔הוּ (rê·‘ê·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

with a stone
בְּאֶ֖בֶן (bə·’e·ḇen)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 68: A stone

or
א֣וֹ (’ōw)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 176: Desire, if

a fist,
בְאֶגְרֹ֑ף (ḇə·’eḡ·rōp̄)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 106: The clenched hand

and he does not
וְלֹ֥א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

die
יָמ֖וּת (yā·mūṯ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

but is confined
וְנָפַ֥ל (wə·nā·p̄al)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5307: To fall, lie

to bed,
לְמִשְׁכָּֽב׃ (lə·miš·kāḇ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4904: Place of lying, a couch, act of lying
(18, 19) Severe assault, endangering life, but not actually taking it, is placed under the same head with homicide, as approaching to it, but is not to be punished in the same way. If death ensues in such a case, the crime is, of course, murder or manslaughter, according to the attendant circumstances; but if death does not ensue, it is aggravated assault only. In such cases punishment could not be inflicted by retaliation--the usual penalty under the Mosaic Law (Exodus 21:24-25)--without a risk of killing the man, which would have been an excessive punishment. The law therefore imposed a fine, which was to be fixed at such an amount as would at once compensate the sufferer for the loss of his time (Exodus 21:19), and defray the cost of his cure.

(18) With a stone, or with his fist.--Comp. The difference made under the English law between wounding with a sharp or a blunt instrument.

Verses 18, 19 - Severe assault. Assault was punishable by the law in two ways. Ordinarily, the rule was that of strict retaliation' ' Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe" (vers. 24, 25; compare Leviticus 24:20, and Deuteronomy 19:21). But where the assault was severe, causing a man to take to his bed, and call in the physician' s aid, something more was needed. The Rabbinical commentators tell us that in this case he was arrested, and sent to prison until it was ascertained whether the person hurt would die or no. If he died, the man was tried for murder; if he recovered, a fine was imposed. This was axed at such a sum as would at once compensate the injured man for his loss of time and defray the expense of his cure. A similar principle is adopted under our own law in many cases of civil action. Verse 18. - If men strive together. If there is a quarrel and a personal encounter. In our own law this would reduce this offence, if death ensued, to manslaughter. With a stone, or with his fist. The use of either would show absence of premeditation, and of any design to kill. A weapon would have to be prepared beforehand: a stone might be readily caught up. 21:12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But man-stealing, the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, Eph 6:9, considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? Job 31:13,14.
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OT Law: Exodus 21:18 If men quarrel and one strikes (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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