Numbers 35:16
New International Version
"'If anyone strikes someone a fatal blow with an iron object, that person is a murderer; the murderer is to be put to death.

New Living Translation
“But if someone strikes and kills another person with a piece of iron, it is murder, and the murderer must be executed.

English Standard Version
“But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer. The murderer shall be put to death.

Berean Study Bible
If, however, anyone strikes a person with an iron object and kills him, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death.

New American Standard Bible
'But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

New King James Version
‘But if he strikes him with an iron implement, so that he dies, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

King James Bible
And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Christian Standard Bible
"If anyone strikes a person with an iron object and death results, he is a murderer; the murderer must be put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If anyone strikes a person with an iron object and death results, he is a murderer; the murderer must be put to death.

International Standard Version
"Whoever uses an iron implement to kill someone is to be adjudged a murderer, and that murderer is certainly to be put to death.

NET Bible
"But if he hits someone with an iron tool so that he dies, he is a murderer. The murderer must surely be put to death.

New Heart English Bible
"'But if he struck him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But if any of you uses an iron weapon to kill another person, you are a murderer. Murderers must be put to death.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But if he smote him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

New American Standard 1977
‘But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if he smites him with an instrument of iron so that he dies, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

King James 2000 Bible
But if he strikes him with an instrument of iron, so that he dies, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

American King James Version
And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

American Standard Version
But if he smote him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if he should smite him with an iron instrument, and the man should die, he is a murderer; let the murderer by all means be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If any man strike with iron, and he die that was struck : he shall be guilty of murder, and he himself shall die.

Darby Bible Translation
And if he have smitten him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall certainly be put to death.

English Revised Version
But if he smote him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a manslayer: the manslayer shall surely be put to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if he shall smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he shall die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

World English Bible
"'But if he struck him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Young's Literal Translation
And if with an instrument of iron he hath smitten him, and he dieth, he is a murderer: the murderer is certainly put to death.
Study Bible
Six Cities of Refuge
15These six cities will serve as a refuge for the Israelites and for the foreigner or stranger among them, so that anyone who kills a person unintentionally may flee there. 16If, however, anyone strikes a person with an iron object and kills him, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death. 17Or if anyone has in his hand a stone of deadly size, and he strikes and kills another, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death.…
Cross References
Exodus 21:12
Whoever strikes and kills a man must surely be put to death.

Exodus 21:14
But if a man schemes and acts willfully against his neighbor to kill him, you must take him away from My altar to be put to death.

Leviticus 24:17
And if a man takes the life of anyone else, he must surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:30
If anyone kills a person, the murderer is to be put to death on the testimony of multiple witnesses. But no one is to be put to death based on the testimony of a lone witness.

Deuteronomy 19:11
If, however, a man hates his neighbor and lies in wait, attacks him and kills him, and then flees to one of these cities,

Treasury of Scripture

And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

if he smite

Numbers 35:22-24
But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing without laying of wait, …

Deuteronomy 19:11-13
But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities: …

the

Numbers 35:30-33
Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses: but one witness shall not testify against any person to cause him to die…

Genesis 9:5,6
And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man…

Exodus 21:12-14
He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death…







Lexicon
If, however,
וְאִם־ (wə·’im-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

anyone strikes
הִכָּ֛הוּ (hik·kā·hū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

a person with an iron
בַרְזֶ֧ל ׀ (ḇar·zel)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1270: Iron, an iron implement

object
בִּכְלִ֨י (biḵ·lî)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3627: Something prepared, any apparatus

and kills him,
וַיָּמֹ֖ת (way·yā·mōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

he
ה֑וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

is a murderer;
רֹצֵ֣חַֽ (rō·ṣê·aḥ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7523: To dash in pieces, kill, to murder

the murderer
הָרֹצֵֽחַ׃ (hā·rō·ṣê·aḥ)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7523: To dash in pieces, kill, to murder

must surely be put to death.
מ֥וֹת (mō·wṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill
Verse 16. - With an instrument of iron. There is no reasonable doubt that בַּרְיֶל has here (as elsewhere) its proper meaning of iron. The expression must be held to include both weapons and other instruments; the former may have been mostly made of bronze, but where iron is used at all it is sure to be employed in war. 35:9-34 To show plainly the abhorrence of murder, and to provide the more effectually for the punishment of the murderer, the nearest relation of the deceased, under the title of avenger of blood, (or the redeemer of blood,) in notorious cases, might pursue, and execute vengeance. A distinction is made, not between sudden anger and malice aforethought, both which are the crime of murder; but between intentionally striking a man with any weapon likely to cause death, and an unintentional blow. In the latter case alone, the city of refuge afforded protection. Murder in all its forms, and under all disguises, pollutes a land. Alas! that so many murders, under the name of duels, prize-fights, etc. should pass unpunished. There were six cities of refuge; one or other might be reached in less than a day's journey from any part of the land. To these, man-slayers might flee for refuge, and be safe, till they had a fair trial. If acquitted from the charge, they were protected from the avenger of blood; yet they must continue within the bounds of the city till the death of the high priest. Thus we are reminded that the death of the great High Priest is the only means whereby sins are pardoned, and sinners set at liberty. These cities are plainly alluded to, both in the Old and New Testament, we cannot doubt the typical character of their appointment. Turn ye to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope, saith the voice of mercy, Zec 9:12, alluding to the city of refuge. St. Paul describes the strong consolation of fleeing for refuge to the hope set before us, in a passage always applied to the gracious appointment of the cities of refuge, Heb 6:18. The rich mercies of salvation, through Christ, prefigured by these cities, demand our regard. 1. Did the ancient city rear its towers of safety on high? See Christ raised up on the cross; and is he not exalted at the right hand of his Father, to be a Prince and a Saviour, to give repentance and remission of sins? 2. Does not the highway of salvation, resemble the smooth and plain path to the city of refuge? Survey the path that leads to the Redeemer. Is there any stumbling-block to be found therein, except that which an evil heart of unbelief supplies for its own fall? 3. Waymarks were set up pointing to the city. And is it not the office of the ministers of the gospel to direct sinners to Him? 4. The gate of the city stood open night and day. Has not Christ declared, Him that cometh unto me I will in nowise cast out? 5. The city of refuge afforded support to every one who entered its walls. Those who have reached the refuge, may live by faith on Him whose flesh is meat indeed, and whose blood is drink indeed. 6. The city was a refuge for all. In the gospel there is no respect of persons. That soul lives not which deserves not Divine wrath; that soul lives not which may not in simple faith hope for salvation and life eternal, through the Son of God.
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Alphabetical: a an be But death died dies down he him If iron is man murderer object put shall so someone strikes struck surely that the to with

OT Law: Numbers 35:16 But if he struck him with an (Nu Num.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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