Numbers 35:16
New International Version
“’If anyone strikes someone a fatal blow with an iron object, that person is a murderer; the murderer is to be put to death.

New Living Translation
“But if someone strikes and kills another person with a piece of iron, it is murder, and the murderer must be executed.

English Standard Version
“But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer. The murderer shall be put to death.

Berean Study Bible
If, however, anyone strikes a person with an iron object and kills him, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death.

King James Bible
And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

New King James Version
‘But if he strikes him with an iron implement, so that he dies, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

New American Standard Bible
‘But if he struck him with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer must be put to death.

NASB 1995
‘But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

NASB 1977
‘But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Amplified Bible
‘But if he struck his victim down [intentionally] with an iron object so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall certainly be put to death.

Christian Standard Bible
“If anyone strikes a person with an iron object and death results, he is a murderer; the murderer must be put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If anyone strikes a person with an iron object and death results, he is a murderer; the murderer must be put to death.

American Standard Version
But if he smote him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if he struck him with an implement of iron so that he would die, and he died, he is a murderer; that murderer certainly shall be killed.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if he should smite him with an iron instrument, and the man should die, he is a murderer; let the murderer by all means be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If any man strike with iron, and he die that was struck : he shall be guilty of murder, and he himself shall die.

English Revised Version
But if he smote him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a manslayer: the manslayer shall surely be put to death.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But if any of you uses an iron weapon to kill another person, you are a murderer. Murderers must be put to death.

International Standard Version
"Whoever uses an iron implement to kill someone is to be adjudged a murderer, and that murderer is certainly to be put to death.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But if he smote him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Literal Standard Version
And if he has struck him with an instrument of iron, and he dies, he [is] a murderer: the murderer is certainly put to death.

NET Bible
"But if he hits someone with an iron tool so that he dies, he is a murderer. The murderer must surely be put to death.

New Heart English Bible
"'But if he struck him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

World English Bible
"'But if he struck him with an instrument of iron, so that he died, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

Young's Literal Translation
And if with an instrument of iron he hath smitten him, and he dieth, he is a murderer: the murderer is certainly put to death.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Six Cities of Refuge
15These six cities will serve as a refuge for the Israelites and for the foreigner or stranger among them, so that anyone who kills a person unintentionally may flee there. 16If, however, anyone strikes a person with an iron object and kills him, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death. 17Or if anyone has in his hand a stone of deadly size, and he strikes and kills another, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death.…

Cross References
Exodus 21:12
Whoever strikes and kills a man must surely be put to death.

Exodus 21:14
But if a man schemes and acts willfully against his neighbor to kill him, you must take him away from My altar to be put to death.

Leviticus 24:17
And if a man takes the life of anyone else, he must surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:30
If anyone kills a person, the murderer is to be put to death on the testimony of the witnesses. But no one is to be put to death based on the testimony of a lone witness.

Deuteronomy 19:11
If, however, a man hates his neighbor and lies in wait, attacks him and kills him, and then flees to one of these cities,


Treasury of Scripture

And if he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.

if he smite

Numbers 35:22-24
But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing without laying of wait, …

Deuteronomy 19:11-13
But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities: …

the

Numbers 35:30-33
Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses: but one witness shall not testify against any person to cause him to die…

Genesis 9:5,6
And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man…

Exodus 21:12-14
He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death…









Verse 16. - With an instrument of iron. There is no reasonable doubt that בַּרְיֶל has here (as elsewhere) its proper meaning of iron. The expression must be held to include both weapons and other instruments; the former may have been mostly made of bronze, but where iron is used at all it is sure to be employed in war.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
If, however,
וְאִם־ (wə·’im-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

anyone strikes
הִכָּ֛הוּ (hik·kā·hū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5221: To strike

a person with an iron
בַרְזֶ֧ל ׀ (ḇar·zel)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1270: Iron, an iron implement

object
בִּכְלִ֨י (biḵ·lî)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3627: Something prepared, any apparatus

and kills him,
וַיָּמֹ֖ת (way·yā·mōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill

he
ה֑וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

is a murderer;
רֹצֵ֣חַֽ (rō·ṣê·aḥ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 7523: To dash in pieces, kill, to murder

the murderer
הָרֹצֵֽחַ׃ (hā·rō·ṣê·aḥ)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 7523: To dash in pieces, kill, to murder

must surely be put to death.
מ֥וֹת (mō·wṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill


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OT Law: Numbers 35:16 But if he struck him with an (Nu Num.)
Numbers 35:15
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