1 John 3:15
New International Version
Anyone who hates a brother or sister is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life residing in him.

New Living Translation
Anyone who hates another brother or sister is really a murderer at heart. And you know that murderers don’t have eternal life within them.

English Standard Version
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

Berean Study Bible
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that eternal life does not reside in a murderer.

Berean Literal Bible
Everyone hating his brother is a murderer; and you know that any murderer does not have eternal life abiding in him.

King James Bible
Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

New King James Version
Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

New American Standard Bible
Everyone who hates his brother or sister is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life remaining in him.

NASB 1995
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

NASB 1977
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

Amplified Bible
Everyone who hates (works against) his brother [in Christ] is [at heart] a murderer [by God’s standards]; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

Christian Standard Bible
Everyone who hates his brother or sister is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life residing in him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life residing in him.

American Standard Version
Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For everyone who hates his brother murders a person, and you know that eternal life cannot abide in anyone who murders a person.

Contemporary English Version
If you hate each other, you are murderers, and we know murderers do not have eternal life.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer. And you know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in himself.

English Revised Version
Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

Good News Translation
Those who hate others are murderers, and you know that murderers do not have eternal life in them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Everyone who hates another believer is a murderer, and you know that a murderer doesn't have eternal life.

International Standard Version
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life present in him.

Literal Standard Version
Everyone who is hating his brother is a manslayer, and you have known that no manslayer has continuous life remaining in him;

NET Bible
Everyone who hates his fellow Christian is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life residing in him.

New Heart English Bible
Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has everlasting life remaining in him.

Weymouth New Testament
Every one who hates his brother man is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has the Life of the Ages continuing in him.

World English Bible
Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life remaining in him.

Young's Literal Translation
Every one who is hating his brother -- a man-killer he is, and ye have known that no man-killer hath life age-during in him remaining,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Love One Another
14We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love our brothers. The one who does not love remains in death. 15Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that eternal life does not reside in a murderer. 16By this we know what love is: Jesus laid down His life for us, and we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers.…

Cross References
Leviticus 19:17
You must not harbor hatred against your brother in your heart. Directly rebuke your neighbor, so that you will not incur guilt on account of him.

Deuteronomy 19:11
If, however, a man hates his neighbor and lies in wait, attacks him and kills him, and then flees to one of these cities,

Matthew 5:21
You have heard that it was said to the ancients, 'Do not murder' and 'Anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.'

John 8:44
You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out his desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, refusing to uphold the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, because he is a liar and the father of lies.

Galatians 5:20
idolatry and sorcery; hatred, discord, jealousy, and rage; rivalries, divisions, factions,

James 4:2
You crave what you do not have; you kill and covet, but are unable to obtain it. You quarrel and fight. You do not have, because you do not ask.

1 John 2:9
If anyone claims to be in the light but hates his brother, he is still in the darkness.


Treasury of Scripture

Whoever hates his brother is a murderer: and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.

hateth.

Genesis 27:41
And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.

Leviticus 19:16-18
Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD…

2 Samuel 13:22-28
And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar…

hath.

John 4:14
But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.

Galatians 5:21
Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

1 Peter 1:23
Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.









Verse 15. - As in 1 John 4:20, St. John passes at once from not loving to hating, treating the two as equivalent. He takes no account of the neutral ground of indifference. He that is not for his brother is against him. Indifference is hate quiescent, there being nothing to excite it. Love is the only security against hate. And as every one who does not love is potentially a hater, so every hater is potentially a murderer. A murderer is a hater who expresses his hatred in the most emphatic way. A hater who does not murder abstains for various reasons from this extreme way of expressing his hate. But the temper of the two men is the same; and it is obvious (οἴδατε "ye know what needs no evidence") that every murderer is incapable of possessing eternal life. It is the murderous temper, not the act of homicide, that excludes from eternal life. St. John, of course, does not mean that murder is an unpardonable sin; but he shows that hate and death go together, as love and life, and that the two pairs are mutually exclusive. How can life and the desire to extinguish life be compatible? It is very forced to interpret ἀνθρωποκτόνος as either "destroyer of his own soul," or "destroyer of the hated man's soul," by provoking him to return hate for hate.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
Everyone
πᾶς (pas)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

who
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

hates
μισῶν (misōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3404: To hate, detest, love less, esteem less. From a primary misos; to detest; by extension, to love less.

his
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

brother
ἀδελφὸν (adelphon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's 80: A brother, member of the same religious community, especially a fellow-Christian. A brother near or remote.

is
ἐστίν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

a murderer,
ἀνθρωποκτόνος (anthrōpoktonos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 443: A murderer, man-slayer. From anthropos and kteino; a manslayer.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

you know
οἴδατε (oidate)
Verb - Perfect Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's 1492: To know, remember, appreciate.

that
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

eternal
αἰώνιον (aiōnion)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 166: From aion; perpetual.

life
ζωὴν (zōēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 2222: Life, both of physical (present) and of spiritual (particularly future) existence. From zao; life.

{does} not
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

reside
μένουσαν (menousan)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 3306: To remain, abide, stay, wait; with acc: I wait for, await. A primary verb; to stay.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

a
πᾶς (pas)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

murderer.
ἀνθρωποκτόνος (anthrōpoktonos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 443: A murderer, man-slayer. From anthropos and kteino; a manslayer.


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NT Letters: 1 John 3:15 Whoever hates his brother is a murderer (1J iJ 1Jn i jn 1 jo)
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