Numbers 35:31
New International Version
“’Do not accept a ransom for the life of a murderer, who deserves to die. They are to be put to death.

New Living Translation
Also, you must never accept a ransom payment for the life of someone judged guilty of murder and subject to execution; murderers must always be put to death.

English Standard Version
Moreover, you shall accept no ransom for the life of a murderer, who is guilty of death, but he shall be put to death.

Berean Study Bible
You are not to accept a ransom for the life of a murderer who deserves to die; he must surely be put to death.

King James Bible
Moreover ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, which is guilty of death: but he shall be surely put to death.

New King James Version
Moreover you shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death, but he shall surely be put to death.

New American Standard Bible
Moreover, you shall not accept a ransom for the life of a murderer who is condemned to death, but he must be put to death.

NASB 1995
‘Moreover, you shall not take ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death, but he shall surely be put to death.

NASB 1977
‘Moreover, you shall not take ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death, but he shall surely be put to death.

Amplified Bible
Moreover, you shall not accept a ransom [in exchange] for the life of a murderer guilty and sentenced to death; but he shall certainly be put to death.

Christian Standard Bible
You are not to accept a ransom for the life of someone who is guilty of murder; he must be put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are not to accept a ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of killing someone; he must be put to death.

American Standard Version
Moreover ye shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer, that is guilty of death; but he shall surely be put to death.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And you shall not receive a bribe for the person of a killer who is condemned to death, but he shall certainly be killed.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And ye shall not accept ransoms for life from a murderer who is worthy of death, for he shall be surely put to death.

Contemporary English Version
You cannot give someone money to escape the death penalty; you must pay with your own life!

Douay-Rheims Bible
31You shall not take money of him that is guilty of blood, but he shall die forthwith.

Good News Translation
Murderers must be put to death. They cannot escape this penalty by the payment of money.

International Standard Version
You are to receive no ransom for the life of a killer who is guilty of murder; instead, he is to die.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Moreover ye shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer, that is guilty of death; but he shall surely be put to death.

Literal Standard Version
And you take no atonement for the life of a murderer who [is] condemned to die, for he is certainly put to death;

New American Bible
You will not accept compensation in place of the life of a murderer who deserves to die, but that person must be put to death.

NET Bible
Moreover, you must not accept a ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death; he must surely be put to death.

New Revised Standard Version
Moreover you shall accept no ransom for the life of a murderer who is subject to the death penalty; a murderer must be put to death.

New Heart English Bible
"'Moreover you shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death; but he shall surely be put to death.

World English Bible
"'Moreover you shall take no ransom for the life of a murderer who is guilty of death; but he shall surely be put to death.

Young's Literal Translation
And ye take no atonement for the life of a murderer who is condemned -- to die, for he is certainly put to death;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Six Cities of Refuge
30If anyone kills a person, the murderer is to be put to death on the testimony of the witnesses. But no one is to be put to death based on the testimony of a lone witness. 31You are not to accept a ransom for the life of a murderer who deserves to die; he must surely be put to death. 32Nor should you accept a ransom for the person who flees to a city of refuge and allow him to return and live on his own land before the death of the high priest.…

Cross References
Leviticus 24:17
And if a man takes the life of anyone else, he must surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:17
Or if anyone has in his hand a stone of deadly size, and he strikes and kills another, he is a murderer; the murderer must surely be put to death.

Numbers 35:30
If anyone kills a person, the murderer is to be put to death on the testimony of the witnesses. But no one is to be put to death based on the testimony of a lone witness.

Numbers 35:32
Nor should you accept a ransom for the person who flees to a city of refuge and allow him to return and live on his own land before the death of the high priest.

Deuteronomy 27:24
Cursed is he who strikes down his neighbor in secret.' And let all the people say, 'Amen!'

2 Samuel 21:4
The Gibeonites said to him, "We need no silver or gold from Saul or his house, nor should you put to death anyone in Israel for us." "Whatever you ask, I will do for you," he replied.


Treasury of Scripture

Moreover you shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, which is guilty of death: but he shall be surely put to death.

moreover

Genesis 9:5,6
And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man…

Exodus 21:14
But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

Deuteronomy 19:11-13
But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities: …

guilty of death.











(31, 32) Moreover ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer . . . --The Israelites were not allowed to make terms with the relatives of the man who had been slain, as is not unfrequently the case at the present time; nor were they permitted to allow the man who had slain any one unintentionally to return home from the city of refuge before the death of the high priest, on the payment of a sum of money by way of compensation.

Verse 31. - Ye shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer. The passion for vengeance is both bad and good, and is therefore to be carefully purified and restrained; but when the desire for vengeance can be appeased by a money payment, it has become wholly bad, and is only a despicable form of covetousness which insults the justice it pretends to invoke. Such payments or "ransoms" are permitted by the Koran, and have been common among most semi-civilized peoples, notably amongst our old English ancestors.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
You are not
וְלֹֽא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

to accept
תִקְח֥וּ (ṯiq·ḥū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's 3947: To take

a ransom
כֹ֙פֶר֙ (ḵō·p̄er)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3724: A cover, a village, bitumen, the henna plant, a redemption-price

for the life
לְנֶ֣פֶשׁ (lə·ne·p̄eš)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

of a murderer
רֹצֵ֔חַ (rō·ṣê·aḥ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 7523: To dash in pieces, kill, to murder

who
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

deserves
רָשָׁ֖ע (rā·šā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 7563: Wrong, an, bad person

to die;
לָמ֑וּת (lā·mūṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill

he must surely be put to death.
מ֖וֹת (mō·wṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill


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OT Law: Numbers 35:31 Moreover you shall take no ransom (Nu Num.)
Numbers 35:30
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