Deuteronomy 21:22
New International Version
If someone guilty of a capital offense is put to death and their body is exposed on a pole,

New Living Translation
"If someone has committed a crime worthy of death and is executed and hung on a tree,

English Standard Version
“And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,

Berean Study Bible
If a man has committed a sin worthy of death, and he is executed, and you hang his body on a tree,

New American Standard Bible
"If a man has committed a sin worthy of death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,

King James Bible
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:

Christian Standard Bible
"If anyone is found guilty of an offense deserving the death penalty and is executed, and you hang his body on a tree,

Contemporary English Version
If a criminal is put to death, and you hang the dead body on a tree,

Good News Translation
"If someone has been put to death for a crime and the body is hung on a post,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If anyone is found guilty of an offense deserving the death penalty and is executed, and you hang his body on a tree,

International Standard Version
"If a man is guilty of a capital offense, is executed, and then is impaled on a tree,

NET Bible
If a person commits a sin punishable by death and is executed, and you hang the corpse on a tree,

New Heart English Bible
If a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and you hang him on a tree;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When a convicted person is put to death,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree;

New American Standard 1977
“And if a man has committed a sin worthy of death, and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when a man shall have committed a sin worthy of death, and he is to be put to death, and thou shall have hung him on a tree,

King James 2000 Bible
And if a man has committed a sin worthy of death, and he is to be put to death, and you hang him on a tree:

American King James Version
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and you hang him on a tree:

American Standard Version
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if there be sin in any one, and the judgment of death be upon him, and he be put to death, and ye hang him on a tree:

Douay-Rheims Bible
When a man hath committed a crime for which he is to be punished with death, and being condemned to die is hanged on a gibbet:

Darby Bible Translation
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou have hanged him on a tree,

English Revised Version
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree;

Webster's Bible Translation
And if a man shall have committed a sin worthy of death, and he must be put to death, and thou shalt hang him on a tree:

World English Bible
If a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and you hang him on a tree;

Young's Literal Translation
'And when there is in a man a sin -- a cause of death, and he hath been put to death, and thou hast hanged him on a tree,
Study Bible
Cursed is Anyone Hung on a Tree
22If a man has committed a sin worthy of death, and he is executed, and you hang his body on a tree, 23you must not leave the body on the tree overnight, but you must be sure to bury him that day, because anyone who is hung on a tree is under God’s curse. You must not defile the land the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance.…
Cross References
Matthew 26:66
What do you think?" "He deserves to die," they answered.

Mark 14:64
You have heard the blasphemy. What is your verdict?" And they all condemned Him as deserving of death.

Acts 23:29
I found that the accusation involved questions about their own Law, but there was no charge worthy of death or imprisonment.

Deuteronomy 22:26
Do nothing to the young woman, because she has committed no sin worthy of death. This case is just like one in which a man attacks his neighbor and murders him.

Joshua 8:29
He hung the body of the king of Ai on a tree until evening, and at sunset Joshua commanded that they take down the body from the tree and throw it down at the entrance of the city gate. And over it they raised a large pile of rocks, which remains to this day.

Joshua 10:27
At sunset Joshua ordered that they be taken down from the trees and thrown into the cave in which they had hidden. Then large stones were placed against the mouth of the cave, and the stones are there to this day.

Treasury of Scripture

And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and you hang him on a tree:

2 Samuel 4:12
And David commanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged them up over the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ishbosheth, and buried it in the sepulchre of Abner in Hebron.

Joshua 8:29
And the king of Ai he hanged on a tree until eventide: and as soon as the sun was down, Joshua commanded that they should take his carcase down from the tree, and cast it at the entering of the gate of the city, and raise thereon a great heap of stones, that remaineth unto this day.

Joshua 10:26
And afterward Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees: and they were hanging upon the trees until the evening.

in

Numbers 25:4
And the LORD said unto Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the LORD against the sun, that the fierce anger of the LORD may be turned away from Israel.

Deuteronomy 19:6
Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

Deuteronomy 22:26
But unto the damsel thou shalt do nothing; there is in the damsel no sin worthy of death: for as when a man riseth against his neighbour, and slayeth him, even so is this matter:

thou hang

2 Samuel 21:6,9
Let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up unto the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, whom the LORD did choose. And the king said, I will give them

Luke 23:33
And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

John 19:31-38
The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away…







Lexicon
If
וְכִֽי־ (wə·ḵî-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

a man
בְאִ֗ישׁ (ḇə·’îš)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

has committed
יִהְיֶ֣ה (yih·yeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

a sin
חֵ֛טְא (ḥêṭ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2399: A crime, its penalty

worthy
מִשְׁפַּט־ (miš·paṭ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

of death,
מָ֖וֶת (mā·weṯ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4194: Death, the dead, their place, state, pestilence, ruin

and he is executed,
וְהוּמָ֑ת (wə·hū·māṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hofal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

and you hang
וְתָלִ֥יתָ (wə·ṯā·lî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8518: To suspend

his body
אֹת֖וֹ (’ō·ṯōw)
Direct object marker | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

a tree,
עֵֽץ׃ (‘êṣ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6086: Tree, trees, wood
Deuteronomy 21:22-23.--HANGING.

(22) And he be put to death.--Better, and he hath been put to death. Hanging followed death in Israel (Joshua 10:26-27).

(23) His body shall not remain all night.--Observed by Joshua, but broken by the Gibeonites (2Samuel 22:9-10; 2Samuel 22:14).

He that is hanged is accursed of God.--In the LXX., "Cursed of God is every one that hangeth upon a tree," and cited in this form by St. Paul (Galatians 3:13). We cannot see why he should be pronounced cursed, except for the sake of that which was designed by "the determined counsel and foreknowledge of God," that His Son Jesus Christ should bear our sins in His own body on the tree, and redeem us from the curse of the Law, by being "made a curse for us."

Rashi's note upon this shows how strangely the rays of truth are sometimes refracted in the Jewish mina: "'He that is hanged is the curse of God'--that is, he is the King's disgrace. For man was made in the likeness of His image. And Israel are his children. There were two twin brothers, who were much alike. One was made king, the other was taken up for highway robbery, and was hanged. Every one who saw him said, 'There hangs the king!'" From this note it is clear that Rashi takes the words to mean, "He that is hanged is God's disgrace," because man is "made after the similitude of God." There is no doubt as to the shame of the punishment which our Lord endured and despised.

Thou shalt in any wise bury him that day.--Another law, remarkably and providentially fulfilled in our Lord's death. We do not read that the robbers who were crucified with Him were buried, though their bodies were removed from the cross. It is not improbable that this law was also intended to prevent the barbarous practice of leaving men impaled op sharp stakes or suspended upon crosses from day to day until they died of pain and thirst. It certainly is a disgrace to the Divine image to treat it thus.

Verses 22, 23. - When a criminal was put to death and was hanged upon a tree, his body was not to remain there over-night, but was to be buried the same day on which he was executed. Verse 22. - If a man have committed a sin worthy of death; literally, If there be on a man a judgment of death; if he lie under sentence of death. Hang him on a tree. This refers not to putting to death by strangling, but to the impaling of the body after death (cf. C. B. Michaelis, 'De Judiciis Poenisque Capitalibus in Sac. Script. Commemoratis,' in 'Sylloge Commentt. Theolog.,' edita a D. J. Pott, vol. 4. p. 209). This was an aggravation of the punishment, as the body so impaled was exposed to insult and assault (cf. Numbers 25:4; Genesis 40:19). 21:22,23 By the law of Moses, the touch of a dead body was defiling, therefore dead bodies must not be left hanging, as that would defile the land. There is one reason here which has reference to Christ; He that is hanged is accursed of God; that is, it is the highest degree of disgrace and reproach. Those who see a man thus hanging between heaven and earth, will conclude him abandoned of both, and unworthy of either. Moses, by the Spirit, uses this phrase of being accursed of God, when he means no more than being treated most disgracefully, that it might afterward be applied to the death of Christ, and might show that in it he underwent the curse of the law for us; which proves his love, and encourages to faith in him.
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