Deuteronomy 19:6
New International Version
Otherwise, the avenger of blood might pursue him in a rage, overtake him if the distance is too great, and kill him even though he is not deserving of death, since he did it to his neighbor without malice aforethought.

New Living Translation
“If the distance to the nearest city of refuge is too far, an enraged avenger might be able to chase down and kill the person who caused the death. Then the slayer would die unfairly, since he had never shown hostility toward the person who died.

English Standard Version
lest the avenger of blood in hot anger pursue the manslayer and overtake him, because the way is long, and strike him fatally, though the man did not deserve to die, since he had not hated his neighbor in the past.

Berean Study Bible
Otherwise, the avenger of blood might pursue the manslayer in a rage, overtake him if the distance is great, and strike him dead though he did not deserve to die, since he did not intend any harm.

New American Standard Bible
otherwise the avenger of blood might pursue the manslayer in the heat of his anger, and overtake him, because the way is long, and take his life, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated him previously.

New King James Version
lest the avenger of blood, while his anger is hot, pursue the manslayer and overtake him, because the way is long, and kill him, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated the victim in time past.

King James Bible
Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

Christian Standard Bible
Otherwise, the avenger of blood in the heat of his anger might pursue the one who committed manslaughter, overtake him because the distance is great, and strike him dead. Yet he did not deserve to die, since he did not previously hate his neighbor.

Contemporary English Version
You don't deserve to die, since you did not mean to harm your friend. But he did get killed, and his relatives might be very angry. They might even choose one of the men from their family to track you down and kill you. If it is too far to one of the Safe Towns, the victim's relative might be able to catch you and kill you.

Good News Translation
If there were only one city, the distance to it might be too great, and the relative who is responsible for taking revenge for the killing might catch you and angrily kill an innocent person. After all, it was by accident that you killed someone who was not your enemy.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Otherwise, the avenger of blood in the heat of his anger might pursue the one who committed manslaughter, overtake him because the distance is great, and strike him dead. Yet he did not deserve to die, since he did not previously hate his neighbor.

International Standard Version
While the distance may be great and the angry avenger pursues the killer, he may overtake him and kill him, in which case there will be no justice in his death, because he did not hate his friend previously.

NET Bible
Otherwise the blood avenger will chase after the killer in the heat of his anger, eventually overtake him, and kill him, though this is not a capital case since he did not hate him at the time of the accident.

New Heart English Bible
lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and strike him mortally; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he did not hate him in time past.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Otherwise, in a rage the relative who has the authority to avenge the death will pursue him. If the place is too far away, the relative may catch up with him and take his life even though he didn't deserve the death penalty, because in the past he never hated the person he killed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and smite him mortally; whereas he was not deserving of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

New American Standard 1977
lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer in the heat of his anger, and overtake him, because the way is long, and take his life, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated him previously.

Jubilee Bible 2000
lest the avenger {Heb. redeemer} of the blood pursue the manslayer, while his heart is hot and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him, whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

King James 2000 Bible
Lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer, while his anger is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated the victim not in time past.

American King James Version
Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

American Standard Version
lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and smite him mortally; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Lest the avenger of blood pursue after the slayer, because his heart is hot, and overtake him, if the way be too long, and slay him, though there is to this man no sentence of death, because he hated him not in time past.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Lest perhaps the next kinsman of him whose blood was shed, pushed on by his grief should pursue, and apprehend him. if the way be too long, and take away the life of him who is not guilty of death, because he is proved to have had no hatred before against him that was slain.

Darby Bible Translation
lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and smite him mortally; whereas he was not worthy of death, since he hated him not previously.

English Revised Version
lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and smite him mortally; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

Webster's Bible Translation
Lest the avenger of blood shall pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

World English Bible
lest the avenger of blood pursue the manslayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and strike him mortally; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he didn't hate him in time past.

Young's Literal Translation
lest the redeemer of blood pursue after the man-slayer when his heart is hot, and hath overtaken him (because the way is great), and hath smitten him -- the life, and he hath no sentence of death, for he is not hating him heretofore;
Study Bible
Cities of Refuge
5If he goes into the forest with his neighbor to cut timber and swings his ax to chop down a tree, but the blade flies off the handle and strikes and kills his neighbor, he may flee to one of these cities to save his life. 6Otherwise, the avenger of blood might pursue the manslayer in a rage, overtake him since the distance is great, and strike him dead though he did not deserve to die, since he did not intend any harm. 7This is why I am commanding you to set apart for yourselves three cities.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 19:5
If he goes into the forest with his neighbor to cut timber and swings his ax to chop down a tree, but the blade flies off the handle and strikes and kills his neighbor, he may flee to one of these cities to save his life.

Deuteronomy 19:7
This is why I am commanding you to set apart for yourselves three cities.

Treasury of Scripture

Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

the avenger

Numbers 35:12
And they shall be unto you cities for refuge from the avenger; that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation in judgment.

Joshua 20:5
And if the avenger of blood pursue after him, then they shall not deliver the slayer up into his hand; because he smote his neighbour unwittingly, and hated him not beforetime.

2 Samuel 14:7
And, behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth.

slay him [heb] smite him in life

Deuteronomy 21:22
And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:

Jeremiah 26:15,16
But know ye for certain, that if ye put me to death, ye shall surely bring innocent blood upon yourselves, and upon this city, and upon the inhabitants thereof: for of a truth the LORD hath sent me unto you to speak all these words in your ears…

Deuteronomy 19:4
And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that he may live: Whoso killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated not in time past;







Lexicon
Otherwise,
פֶּן־ (pen-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 6435: Removal, lest

the avenger
גֹּאֵ֨ל (gō·’êl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1350: To redeem, act as kinsman

of blood
הַדָּ֜ם (had·dām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1818: Blood, of man, an animal, the juice of the grape, bloodshed

might pursue
יִרְדֹּף֩ (yir·dōp̄)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7291: To pursue, chase, persecute

the manslayer
הָרֹצֵ֗חַ (hā·rō·ṣê·aḥ)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7523: To dash in pieces, kill, to murder

in a rage,
לְבָבוֹ֒ (lə·ḇā·ḇōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3824: Inner man, mind, will, heart

overtake him
וְהִשִּׂיג֛וֹ (wə·hiś·śî·ḡōw)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5381: To reach, overtake

since the distance
הַדֶּ֖רֶךְ (had·de·reḵ)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1870: A road, a course of life, mode of action

is great,
יִרְבֶּ֥ה (yir·beh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7235: To be or become much, many or great

and strike
וְהִכָּ֣הוּ (wə·hik·kā·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

him dead
נָ֑פֶשׁ (nā·p̄eš)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

though he did not
אֵ֣ין (’ên)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

deserve
מִשְׁפַּט־ (miš·paṭ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

to die,
מָ֔וֶת (mā·weṯ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4194: Death, the dead, their place, state, pestilence, ruin

since
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

he
ה֛וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

did not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

intend any harm.
שֹׂנֵ֥א (śō·nê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8130: To hate
19:1-13 Here is the law settled between the blood of the murdered, and the blood of the murderer; provision is made, that the cities of refuge should be a protection, so that a man should not die for that as a crime, which was not his willing act. In Christ, the Lord our Righteousness, refuge is provided for those who by faith flee unto him. But there is no refuge in Jesus Christ for presumptuous sinners, who go on still in their trespasses. Those who flee to Christ from their sins, shall be safe in him, but not those who expect to be sheltered by him in their sins.
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Alphabetical: a aforethought and anger avenger because blood death deserving did distance even great had hated he heat him his if in is it kill life long malice manslayer might neighbor not of Otherwise overtake previously pursue rage since take the though to too was way without

OT Law: Deuteronomy 19:6 Lest the avenger of blood pursue (Deut. De Du) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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