Exodus 22:2
New International Version
"If a thief is caught breaking in at night and is struck a fatal blow, the defender is not guilty of bloodshed;

New Living Translation
"If a thief is caught in the act of breaking into a house and is struck and killed in the process, the person who killed the thief is not guilty of murder.

English Standard Version
If a thief is found breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no bloodguilt for him,

Berean Study Bible
If a thief is caught breaking in and is beaten to death, no one shall be guilty of bloodshed.

New American Standard Bible
"If the thief is caught while breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there will be no bloodguiltiness on his account.

King James Bible
If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

Christian Standard Bible
If a thief is caught in the act of breaking in, and he is beaten to death, no one is guilty of bloodshed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a thief is caught in the act of breaking in, and he is beaten to death, no one is guilty of bloodshed.

International Standard Version
"If a thief is found while breaking into a house, and is struck down and dies, it is not a capital crime in that case,

NET Bible
"If a thief is caught breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there will be no blood guilt for him.

New Heart English Bible
If the thief is found breaking in, and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt of bloodshed for him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If anyone catches a thief breaking in and hits him so that he dies, he is not guilty of murder.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If a thief be found breaking in, and be smitten so that he dieth, there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him.

New American Standard 1977
“If the thief is caught while breaking in, and is struck so that he dies, there will be no bloodguiltiness on his account.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If a thief is found breaking into a house and is smitten so he dies, he that killed him shall not be guilty of his blood.

King James 2000 Bible
If a thief be found breaking in, and be smitten that he dies, there shall no blood be shed for him.

American King James Version
If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

American Standard Version
If the thief be found breaking in, and be smitten so that he dieth, there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a thief be found breaking open a house or undermining it, and be wounded so as to die: he that slew him shall not be guilty of blood.

Darby Bible Translation
If the thief be encountered breaking in, and be smitten so that he die, there shall be no blood-guiltiness for him.

English Revised Version
If the thief be found breaking in, and be smitten that he die, there shall be no bloodguiltiness for him.

Webster's Bible Translation
If a thief shall be found breaking through, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

World English Bible
If the thief is found breaking in, and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt of bloodshed for him.

Young's Literal Translation
'If in the breaking through, the thief is found, and he hath been smitten, and hath died, there is no blood for him;
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Property Laws
1If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters or sells it, he must repay five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep. 2If a thief is caught breaking in and is beaten to death, no one shall be guilty of bloodshed. 3But if it happens after sunrise, there is guilt for his bloodshed. A thief must make full restitution; if he has nothing, he himself shall be sold for his theft.…
Cross References
Matthew 6:19
Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal.

Matthew 24:43
But understand this: If the owner of the house had known in which watch of the night the thief was coming, he would have kept watch and would not have let his house be broken into.

1 Peter 4:15
Indeed, none of you should suffer as a murderer or thief or wrongdoer, or even as a meddler.

Job 24:16
In the dark they dig through houses; by day they shut themselves in, never to experience the light.

Jeremiah 2:34
Moreover, your skirts are stained with the blood of the innocent poor, though you did not find them breaking in. But in spite of all these things

Treasury of Scripture

If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

breaking

Job 24:14 The murderer rising with the light kills the poor and needy, and …

Job 30:5 They were driven forth from among men, (they cried after them as after a thief;)

Hosea 7:1 When I would have healed Israel, then the iniquity of Ephraim was …

Joel 2:9 They shall run to and fro in the city; they shall run on the wall, …

Matthew 6:19,20 Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust …

Matthew 24:43 But know this, that if the manager of the house had known in what …

1 Thessalonians 5:2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comes as …

no blood

Numbers 35:27 And the revenger of blood find him without the borders of the city …







Lexicon
If
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

a thief
הַגַּנָּ֖ב (hag·gan·nāḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1590: A stealer

is caught
יִמָּצֵ֥א (yim·mā·ṣê)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

breaking in
בַּמַּחְתֶּ֛רֶת (bam·maḥ·te·reṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4290: A burglary, unexpected examination

and is beaten
וְהֻכָּ֣ה (wə·huk·kāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hofal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

to death,
וָמֵ֑ת (wā·mêṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4191: To die, to kill

no one
אֵ֥ין (’ên)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

shall be guilty of bloodshed.
דָּמִֽים׃ (dā·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1818: Blood, of man, an animal, the juice of the grape, bloodshed
(2) If a thief be found breaking up.--Rather, breaking in: i.e., making forcible entry into a dwelling-house. Most codes agree with the Mosaic in allowing the inmates of the house to resist such an attempt if made at night, and to shed the blood of the burglar, if necessary. He may be considered as having dissolved the "social compact," and converted himself from a fellow-citizen into a public enemy. A murderous intent on his part may be suspected.

Verse 2. - If a thief be found breaking up. Rather, "Breaking in" - i.e., making forcible entry into a house. The ordinary mode of "breaking in" seems to have been by a breach in the wall. Hence the word here used, which is derived from khathar, "to dig." There shall no blood be shed for him. Rather, "the blood-feud shall not lie upon him" - i.e., the avenger of blood shall not be entitled to proceed against his slayer. The principle here laid down has had the sanction of Solon, of the Roman law, and of the law of England. It rests upon the probability that those who break into a house by night bare a murderous intent, or at least have the design, if occasion arise, to commit murder. 22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.
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