Exodus 22:1
New International Version
"Whoever steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it must pay back five head of cattle for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

New Living Translation
“If someone steals an ox or sheep and then kills or sells it, the thief must pay back five oxen for each ox stolen, and four sheep for each sheep stolen.

English Standard Version
“If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it or sells it, he shall repay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Berean Study Bible
If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters or sells it, he must repay five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep.

New American Standard Bible
"If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

King James Bible
If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Christian Standard Bible
"When a man steals an ox or a sheep and butchers it or sells it, he must repay five cattle for the ox or four sheep for the sheep.

Contemporary English Version
If you steal an ox and slaughter or sell it, you must replace it with five oxen; if you steal a sheep and slaughter it or sell it, you must replace it with four sheep.

Good News Translation
"If someone steals a cow or a sheep and kills it or sells it, he must pay five cows for one cow and four sheep for one sheep.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When a man steals an ox or a sheep and butchers it or sells it, he must repay five cattle for the ox or four sheep for the sheep.

International Standard Version
"If a man steals an ox or sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he is to repay five oxen for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

NET Bible
"If a man steals an ox or a sheep and kills it or sells it, he must pay back five head of cattle for the ox, and four sheep for the one sheep.

New Heart English Bible
"If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it, or sells it; he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[The LORD continued,] "Whenever someone steals a bull or a sheep and butchers it or sells it, he must make up for the loss with five head of cattle to replace the bull or four sheep to replace the sheep.

JPS Tanakh 1917
If a man steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it, he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

New American Standard 1977
“If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.

Jubilee Bible 2000
If a man shall steal an ox or a sheep and kill it or sell it he shall restore five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep.

King James 2000 Bible
If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

American King James Version
If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

American Standard Version
If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if one steal an ox or a sheep, and kill it or sell it, he shall pay five calves for a calf, and four sheep for a sheep.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If any man steal an ox or a sheep, and kill or sell it: he shall restore five oxen for one ox, and four sheep for one sheep.

Darby Bible Translation
If a man steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it, he shall restore five oxen for the ox, and four sheep for the sheep.

English Revised Version
If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Webster's Bible Translation
If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

World English Bible
"If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it, or sells it; he shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Young's Literal Translation
'When a man doth steal an ox or sheep, and hath slaughtered it or sold it, five of the herd he doth repay for the ox, and four of the flock for the sheep.
Study Bible
Property Laws
1If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters or sells it, he must repay five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep. 2If a thief is caught breaking in and is beaten to death, no one shall be guilty of bloodshed.…
Cross References
Luke 19:8
But Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, "Look, Lord, half of my possessions I give to the poor, and if I have cheated anyone, I will repay it fourfold."

Exodus 21:36
But if it was known that the ox had a habit of goring, yet its owner failed to restrain it, he shall pay full compensation, ox for ox, and the dead animal will be his.

2 Samuel 12:6
Because he has done this thing and has shown no pity, he must pay for the lamb four times over."

Proverbs 6:31
Yet if caught, he must pay sevenfold; he must give up all the wealth of his house.

Ezekiel 33:15
if he restores a pledge, makes restitution for what he has stolen, and walks in the statutes of life without practicing iniquity--he will surely live; he will not die.

Treasury of Scripture

If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

sheep.

Leviticus 6:1-6
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, …

Numbers 5:7
Then they shall confess their sin which they have done: and he shall recompense his trespass with the principal thereof, and add unto it the fifth part thereof, and give it unto him against whom he hath trespassed.

2 Samuel 12:6
And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.

five oxen

Proverbs 14:4
Where no oxen are, the crib is clean: but much increase is by the strength of the ox.







Lexicon
If
כִּ֤י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

a man
אִישׁ֙ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 376: A man as an individual, a male person

steals
יִגְנֹֽב־ (yiḡ·nōḇ-)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1589: To thieve, to deceive

an ox
שׁ֣וֹר (šō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

or
אוֹ־ (’ōw-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 176: Desire, if

a sheep
שֶׂ֔ה (śeh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7716: A member of a, flock, a sheep, goat

and slaughters
וּטְבָח֖וֹ (ū·ṭə·ḇā·ḥōw)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2873: To slaughter, butcher, slay

or
א֣וֹ (’ōw)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 176: Desire, if

sells it,
מְכָר֑וֹ (mə·ḵā·rōw)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4376: To sell

he must repay
יְשַׁלֵּם֙ (yə·šal·lêm)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7999: To be safe, to be, completed, to be friendly, to reciprocate

five
חֲמִשָּׁ֣ה (ḥă·miš·šāh)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2568: Five

oxen
בָקָ֗ר (ḇā·qār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1241: Beef cattle, ox, a herd

for
תַּ֣חַת (ta·ḥaṯ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

an ox
הַשּׁ֔וֹר (haš·šō·wr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

and four
וְאַרְבַּע־ (wə·’ar·ba‘-)
Conjunctive waw | Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 702: Four

sheep
הַשֶּֽׂה׃ (haś·śeh)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7716: A member of a, flock, a sheep, goat

for a sheep.
צֹ֖אן (ṣōn)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6629: Small cattle, sheep and goats, flock
XXII.

(1-4) Theft is here treated of with great brevity, only three kinds being distinguished--(1) Housebreaking; (2) stealing without conversion of the property; (3) stealing with conversion. The main principle of punishment laid down is the exaction from the offender o! Double (Exodus 22:4). When, however, there has been conversion of the property, the penalty is heavier, the return of four-fold in the case of a sheep, of five-fold in that of an ox (Exodus 22:1). Incidentally it is enacted that the burglar may be resisted by force (Exodus 22:2), and that to kill him shall be justifiable homicide; and further, it is laid down that a thief unable to make the legal restitution shall become a slave in order to pay his debt (Exodus 22:3).

(1) If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep.--The flocks and herds of the Israelites constituted their principal property, and hence cattle-stealing is taken as the representative of theft in general.

And kill it, or sell it.--Plainly showing persistence and determination.

Five oxen . . . four sheep.--The principle of the variation is not clear. Perhaps the theft of an ox was regarded as involving more audacity, and so more guilt, in the thief.

Verse 1. - If a man shall steal an ox. The principal property possessed by the Israelites in the wilderness was their cattle; whence this occurs to the legislator as the thing most likely to be stolen. It required more boldness in a thief to carry off an ox than a sheep or goat; and so the crime was visited with a heavier penalty. 22; 1 - 31 Judicial laws. - The people of God should ever be ready to show mildness and mercy, according to the spirit of these laws. We must answer to God, not only for what we do maliciously, but for what we do heedlessly. Therefore, when we have done harm to our neighbour, we should make restitution, though not compelled by law. Let these scriptures lead our souls to remember, that if the grace of God has indeed appeared to us, then it has taught us, and enabled us so to conduct ourselves by its holy power, that denying ungodliness and wordly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, Titus 2:12. And the grace of God teaches us, that as the Lord is our portion, there is enough in him to satisfy all the desires of our souls.
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Alphabetical: a an and back cattle five for four he head If it man must of or ox oxen pay sells shall sheep slaughters steals the

OT Law: Exodus 22:1 If a man steals an ox (Exo. Ex) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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