Proverbs 6:31
New International Version
Yet if he is caught, he must pay sevenfold, though it costs him all the wealth of his house.

New Living Translation
But if he is caught, he must pay back seven times what he stole, even if he has to sell everything in his house.

English Standard Version
but if he is caught, he will pay sevenfold; he will give all the goods of his house.

Berean Study Bible
Yet if caught, he must pay sevenfold; he must give up all the wealth of his house.

New American Standard Bible
But when he is found, he must repay sevenfold; He must give all the substance of his house.

King James Bible
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

Christian Standard Bible
Still, if caught, he must pay seven times as much; he must give up all the wealth in his house.

Contemporary English Version
And thieves who get caught must pay back seven times what was stolen and lose everything.

Good News Translation
yet if he is caught, he must pay back seven times more--he must give up everything he has.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Still, if caught, he must pay seven times as much; he must give up all the wealth in his house.

International Standard Version
but when he is discovered, he must restore seven-fold, forfeiting the entire value of his house.

NET Bible
Yet if he is caught he must repay seven times over, he might even have to give all the wealth of his house.

New Heart English Bible
but if he is found, he must repay seven times. He shall give all the wealth of his house.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if he is caught stealing, he pays each sevenfold, and he gives all the possessions of his house.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
but when he is caught, he has to repay it seven times. He must give up all the possessions in his house.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But if he be found, he must restore sevenfold, He must give all the substance of his house.

New American Standard 1977
But when he is found, he must repay sevenfold; He must give all the substance of his house.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and once he is taken, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

King James 2000 Bible
But if he is found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give up all the goods of his house.

American King James Version
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

American Standard Version
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; He shall give all the substance of his house.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
but if he should be taken, he shall repay sevenfold, and shall deliver himself by giving all his goods.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if he be taken he shall restore sevenfold, and shall give up all the substance of his house.

Darby Bible Translation
and if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

English Revised Version
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

Webster's Bible Translation
But if he is found, he shall restore seven-fold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

World English Bible
but if he is found, he shall restore seven times. He shall give all the wealth of his house.

Young's Literal Translation
And being found he repayeth sevenfold, All the substance of his house he giveth.
Study Bible
Warnings Against Adultery
30Men do not despise the thief if he steals to satisfy his hunger. 31Yet if caught, he must pay sevenfold; he must give up all the wealth of his house. 32But he who commits adultery lacks judgment; whoever does so destroys himself.…
Cross References
Genesis 4:15
"Not so!" replied the LORD. "If anyone slays Cain, then Cain will be avenged sevenfold." And the LORD placed a mark on Cain, so that no one who found him would kill him.

Exodus 22:1
If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters or sells it, he must repay five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep.

Psalm 79:12
Pay back into the laps of our neighbors sevenfold the reproach they hurled at You, O Lord.

Treasury of Scripture

But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

if

Exodus 22:1,3,4
If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep…

2 Samuel 12:6
And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.

Job 20:18
That which he laboured for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein.

he shall give

Matthew 18:25
But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.







Lexicon
Yet if caught,
וְ֭נִמְצָא (wə·nim·ṣā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

he must pay
יְשַׁלֵּ֣ם (yə·šal·lêm)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7999: To be safe, to be, completed, to be friendly, to reciprocate

sevenfold;
שִׁבְעָתָ֑יִם (šiḇ·‘ā·ṯā·yim)
Number - fd
Strong's Hebrew 7659: Sevenfold, seven times

he must give up
יִתֵּֽן׃ (yit·tên)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the wealth
ה֖וֹן (hō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1952: Wealth, sufficiency

of his house.
בֵּית֣וֹ (bê·ṯōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house
(31) But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold.--Rather, And if he be found, he may restore sevenfold, he may give up all the wealth of his house. The law only required a two--or four--or fivefold compensation (Exodus 22); he may do even more. "Sevenfold" signifies full restitution. (Comp. Genesis 4:24 : Leviticus 26:28.)

Verse 31. - But if he be taken, he shill restore sevenfold. Men do not despise the thief, but yet they apprehend him and insist on fullest restitution. Be found; i.e. seized (Delitzsch), or legally convicted (Gejerus). He shall restore; i.e. he must restore (Zockler). Delitzsch, however, understands the future, y'shalem, as potential, "he may restore." Sevenfold; Hebrew, siv'athayim; LXX., ἐπταπλάσια; Vulgate, septulum. On this word Geier remarks, "Haec vox nullibi in sacris ponitur pio numero definito;" i.e. "It is nowhere put in Scripture for a definite number." It is therefore to be understood indefinitely of complete restitution, or, as it is expressed in the second and parallel clauses, "all the substance of his house." The word is used in this sense in Genesis 4:24; Leviticus 26:28; Job 5:19 (Lapide). Theft under the Mosaic Law was punishable by a fivefold, fourfold, and twofold restitution (Exodus 22:1-4, 9), and, in the event of this not forthcoming, the delinquent was to be sold into slavery (Leviticus 25:89). In 2 Samuel 12:6 a fourfold restitution is mentioned, and in the New Testament Zacchaeus promises to restore fourfold if he could be convicted of fraud (Luke 19:8). In the attempts to reconcile the "sevenfold" of our passage with the requirements of the Mosaic Law, Aben Ezra says that the combined penalties for two cases of theft are contemplated, and others that in the time of the writer the penalties had been increased. But proof of this is wanting. Grotius's explanation is more curious than correct, viz. that if the theft be repeated seven times, and he be "taken" seven times, the thief should only be punished by being forced to make restitution with some addition. Both the Greek and Roman law demanded a twofold restitution. Selden maintains that theft would have been subjected to the usual punishment (Selden, 'De Jure Not. et Gent.,' 6, 100, 6). We may therefore come to the conclusion that "sevenfold" is used in the sense indicated above. As to any objection which may be raised on the seem of inconsistency in talking of a man malting restitution, and giving all his substance when he steals to satisfy his hunger, it may be remarked that he need not necessarily be without substance of some sort or other, and he could acquire subsequently sufficient to satisfy the demand. On the question whether a person is justified by extreme want in stealing, see Grotius, 'De Jure Belli et Pacis,' 2, 100, 2, § 6; Puffendorf, 'De Jure Not. et Gent,' 2, 100, 6, § 5; Blackstone, 'Commentary,' 4:2 § 4. 6:20-35 The word of God has something to say to us upon all occasions. Let not faithful reproofs ever make us uneasy. When we consider how much this sin abounds, how heinous adultery is in its own nature, of what evil consequence it is, and how certainly it destroys the spiritual life in the soul, we shall not wonder that the cautions against it are so often repeated. Let us notice the subjects of this chapter. Let us remember Him who willingly became our Surety, when we were strangers and enemies. And shall Christians, who have such prospects, motives, and examples, be slothful and careless? Shall we neglect what is pleasing to God, and what he will graciously reward? May we closely watch every sense by which poison can enter our minds or affections.
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