Isaiah 58:4
New International Version
Your fasting ends in quarreling and strife, and in striking each other with wicked fists. You cannot fast as you do today and expect your voice to be heard on high.

New Living Translation
What good is fasting when you keep on fighting and quarreling? This kind of fasting will never get you anywhere with me.

English Standard Version
Behold, you fast only to quarrel and to fight and to hit with a wicked fist. Fasting like yours this day will not make your voice to be heard on high.

Berean Study Bible
You fast with contention and strife to strike viciously with your fist. You cannot fast as you do today and have your voice be heard on high.

New American Standard Bible
"Behold, you fast for contention and strife and to strike with a wicked fist. You do not fast like you do today to make your voice heard on high.

King James Bible
Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.

Christian Standard Bible
You fast with contention and strife to strike viciously with your fist. You cannot fast as you do today, hoping to make your voice heard on high.

Contemporary English Version
You even get angry and ready to fight. No wonder God won't listen to your prayers!

Good News Translation
Your fasting makes you violent, and you quarrel and fight. Do you think this kind of fasting will make me listen to your prayers?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You fast with contention and strife to strike viciously with your fist. You cannot fast as you do today, hoping to make your voice heard on high.

International Standard Version
"Look! You fast only for quarreling, and for fighting, and for hitting with wicked fists. You cannot fast as you do today and have your voice heard on high.

NET Bible
Look, your fasting is accompanied by arguments, brawls, and fistfights. Do not fast as you do today, trying to make your voice heard in heaven.

New Heart English Bible
Look, you fast for strife and contention, and to strike with the fist of wickedness: you do not fast this day so as to make your voice to be heard on high.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Don't you see that when you fast, you quarrel and fight and beat your workers? The way you fast today keeps you from being heard in heaven.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Behold, ye fast for strife and contention, And to smite with the fist of wickedness; Ye fast not this day So as to make your voice to be heard on high.

New American Standard 1977
“Behold, you fast for contention and strife and to strike with a wicked fist. You do not fast like you do today to make your voice heard on high.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as ye do this day to make your voice to be heard on high.

King James 2000 Bible
Behold, you fast for strife and debate, and to strike with the fist of wickedness: you shall not fast as you do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.

American King James Version
Behold, you fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: you shall not fast as you do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.

American Standard Version
Behold, ye fast for strife and contention, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye fast not this day so as to make your voice to be heard on high.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
If ye fast for quarrels and strifes, and smite the lowly with your fists, wherefore do ye fast to me as ye do this day, so that your voice may be heard in crying?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold you fast for debates and strife. and strike with the fist wickedly. Do not fast as you have done until this day, to make your cry to be heard on high.

Darby Bible Translation
Behold, ye have fasted for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness; ye do not at present fast, to cause your voice to be heard on high.

English Revised Version
Behold, ye fast for strife and contention, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye fast not this day so as to make your voice to be heard on high.

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.

World English Bible
Behold, you fast for strife and contention, and to strike with the fist of wickedness: you don't fast this day so as to make your voice to be heard on high.

Young's Literal Translation
Lo, for strife and debate ye fast, And to smite with the fist of wickedness, Ye fast not as to -day, To sound in the high place your voice.
Study Bible
True Fasts and Sabbaths
3“Why have we fasted, and You have not seen? Why have we humbled ourselves, and You have not noticed?” “Behold, on the day of your fast, you do as you please, and you oppress all your workers. 4You fast with contention and strife to strike viciously with your fist. You cannot fast as you do today and have your voice be heard on high. 5Is this the fast I have chosen, a day for a man to deny himself, to bow his head like a reed, and to spread out sackcloth and ashes? Will you call this a fast and a day acceptable to the LORD?…
Cross References
1 Kings 21:12
They proclaimed a fast and gave Naboth a seat of honor among the people.

Isaiah 1:15
When you spread out your hands in prayer, I will hide My eyes from you; even though you multiply your prayers, I will not listen. Your hands are covered with blood.

Isaiah 3:14
The LORD brings this charge against the elders and leaders of His people: "You have devoured the vineyard; the plunder of the poor is in your houses.

Isaiah 3:15
Why do you crush My people and grind the faces of the poor?" declares the Lord GOD of Hosts.

Isaiah 59:2
But your iniquities have built barriers between you and your God, and your sins have hidden His face from you, so that He will not hear.

Isaiah 59:6
Their cobwebs cannot be made into clothing, and they cannot cover themselves with their works. Their deeds are sinful deeds, and acts of violence are in their hands.

Joel 2:12
Yet even now, declares the LORD, return to Me with all your heart, with fasting, weeping, and mourning.

Treasury of Scripture

Behold, you fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: you shall not fast as you do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.

ye fast

1 Kings 21:9-13
And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people: …

Proverbs 21:27
The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination: how much more, when he bringeth it with a wicked mind?

Matthew 6:16
Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

and to smite

Acts 23:1,2
And Paul, earnestly beholding the council, said, Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day…

Philippians 1:14,15
And many of the brethren in the Lord, waxing confident by my bonds, are much more bold to speak the word without fear…

shall not fast as ye do this day.

Joel 2:13,14
And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil…

Jonah 3:7
And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water:

Matthew 6:16-18
Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward…







Lexicon
You fast
תָּצ֔וּמוּ (tā·ṣū·mū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6684: To abstain from food, fast

with contention
לְרִ֤יב (lə·rîḇ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7379: Strife, dispute

and strife
וּמַצָּה֙ (ū·maṣ·ṣāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4683: Strife, contention

to strike
וּלְהַכּ֖וֹת (ū·lə·hak·kō·wṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

viciously
רֶ֑שַׁע (re·ša‘)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7562: Wickedness

with your fist.
בְּאֶגְרֹ֣ף (bə·’eḡ·rōp̄)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 106: The clenched hand

You cannot
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

fast
תָצ֣וּמוּ (ṯā·ṣū·mū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6684: To abstain from food, fast

as you do today
כַיּ֔וֹם (ḵay·yō·wm)
Preposition-k, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

and have your voice
קוֹלְכֶֽם׃ (qō·wl·ḵem)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6963: A voice, sound

be heard
לְהַשְׁמִ֥יעַ (lə·haš·mî·a‘)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

on high.
בַּמָּר֖וֹם (bam·mā·rō·wm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4791: Altitude
(4) Behold, ye fast for strife and debate.--The words possibly point to the psychological fact that an unspiritual fasting irritates the nerves and embitters the temper. Extremes meet, and the disputes of fasting controversialists are often as fierce as those of drunken disputants. (Comp. the conspiracy of Acts 23:21.)

Verse 4. - Ye fast for strife and debate. Delitzsch explains, "When fasting, they are doubly irritable and ill tempered; and this leads to quarrelling and strife, even to striking with angry fists." This is quite a possible explanation. Or there may have been two parties, one for, the other against, fasting; and those who practised fasting may have done it, as some preached Christ, "of envy and strife" (Philippians 1:15) - to provoke the opposite side. Ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high; i.e. "ye must not fast as ye do at present, if ye would have your voices heard in heaven." God will not hear the prayer of which such a fast is the accompaniment. 58:3-12 A fast is a day to afflict the soul; if it does not express true sorrow for sin, and does not promote the putting away of sin, it is not a fast. These professors had shown sorrow on stated or occasioned fasts. But they indulged pride, covetousness, and malignant passions. To be liberal and merciful is more acceptable to God than mere fasting, which, without them, is vain and hypocritical. Many who seem humble in God's house, are hard at home, and harass their families. But no man's faith justifies, which does not work by love. Yet persons, families, neighbourhoods, churches, or nations, show repentance and sorrow for sin, by keeping a fast sincerely, and, from right motives, repenting, and doing good works. The heavy yoke of sin and oppression must be removed. As sin and sorrow dry the bones and weaken the strongest human constitution; so the duties of kindness and charity strengthen and refresh both body and mind. Those who do justly and love mercy, shall have the comfort, even in this world. Good works will bring the blessing of God, provided they are done from love to God and man, and wrought in the soul by the Holy Spirit.
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