Isaiah 57:11
New International Version
"Whom have you so dreaded and feared that you have not been true to me, and have neither remembered me nor taken this to heart? Is it not because I have long been silent that you do not fear me?

New Living Translation
"Are you afraid of these idols? Do they terrify you? Is that why you have lied to me and forgotten me and my words? Is it because of my long silence that you no longer fear me?

English Standard Version
Whom did you dread and fear, so that you lied, and did not remember me, did not lay it to heart? Have I not held my peace, even for a long time, and you do not fear me?

Berean Study Bible
Whom have you dreaded and feared, so that you lied and failed to remember Me or take this to heart? Have I not held My peace such a long time, and still you do not fear Me?

New American Standard Bible
"Of whom were you worried and fearful When you lied, and did not remember Me Nor give Me a thought? Was I not silent even for a long time So you do not fear Me?

King James Bible
And of whom hast thou been afraid or feared, that thou hast lied, and hast not remembered me, nor laid it to thy heart? have not I held my peace even of old, and thou fearest me not?

Christian Standard Bible
Who was it you dreaded and feared, so that you lied and didn't remember me or take it to heart? I have kept silent for a long time, haven't I? So you do not fear me.

Contemporary English Version
Did you forget about me and become unfaithful because you were more afraid of someone else? Have I been silent so long that you no longer fear me?

Good News Translation
The LORD says, "Who are these gods that make you afraid, so that you tell me lies and forget me completely? Have you stopped honoring me because I have kept silent for so long?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Who was it you dreaded and feared, so that you lied and didn't remember Me or take it to heart? Have I not kept silent for such a long time and you do not fear Me?

International Standard Version
"Whom did you so dread— and while you feared me — that you lied, and you did not remember me, and did not lay to heart these things? Haven't I remained silent for a long time, and still you don't fear me?"

NET Bible
Whom are you worried about? Whom do you fear, that you would act so deceitfully and not remember me or think about me? Because I have been silent for so long, you are not afraid of me.

New Heart English Bible
"Of whom have you been afraid and in fear, that you lie, and have not remembered me, nor laid it to your heart? Haven't I held my peace even of long time, and you do not fear me?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whom did you dread and fear so much that you lied to me? You haven't remembered me or cared about me. I've been silent for a long time. Is that why you don't fear me?

JPS Tanakh 1917
And of whom hast thou been afraid and in fear, that thou wouldest fail? And as for Me, thou hast not remembered Me, nor laid it to thy heart. Have not I held My peace even of long time? Therefore thou fearest Me not.

New American Standard 1977
“Of whom were you worried and fearful, When you lied, and did not remember Me, Nor give Me a thought? Was I not silent even for a long time So you do not fear Me?

Jubilee Bible 2000
And of whom hast thou reverenced or feared? Why dost thou lie; that thou hast not remembered me, nor have I come to thy thought? Have I not held my peace even of old, and thou hast never feared me?

King James 2000 Bible
And of whom have you been afraid or feared, that you have lied, and have not remembered me, nor laid it to your heart? have not I held my peace even of old, and you fear me not?

American King James Version
And of whom have you been afraid or feared, that you have lied, and have not remembered me, nor laid it to your heart? have not I held my peace even of old, and you fear me not?

American Standard Version
And of whom hast thou been afraid and in fear, that thou liest, and hast not remembered me, nor laid it to thy heart? have not I held my peace even of long time, and thou fearest me not?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Through dread of whom hast thou feared, and lied against me, and has not remembered, nor considered me, nor regarded me, yea, though when I see thee I pass thee by, yet thou has not feared me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For whom hast thou been solicitous and afraid, that thou hast lied, and hast not been mindful of me, nor thought on me in thy heart? for I am silent, and as one that seeth not, and thou hast forgotten me.

Darby Bible Translation
And of whom hast thou been afraid or feared, that thou hast lied, and hast not remembered me, nor taken it to heart? Have not I even of long time held my peace, and thou fearest me not?

English Revised Version
And of whom hast thou been afraid and in fear, that thou liest, and hast not remembered me, nor laid it to thy heart? have not I held my peace even of long time, and fearest me not?

Webster's Bible Translation
And of whom hast thou been afraid or feared, that thou hast lied, and hast not remembered me, nor laid it to thy heart? have not I held my peace even of old, and thou fearest me not?

World English Bible
"Of whom have you been afraid and in fear, that you lie, and have not remembered me, nor laid it to your heart? Haven't I held my peace even of long time, and you don't fear me?

Young's Literal Translation
And of whom hast thou been afraid, and fearest, That thou liest, and Me hast not remembered? Thou hast not laid it to thy heart, Am not I silent, even from of old? And Me thou fearest not?
Study Bible
God Condemns Idolatry
10You are wearied by your many journeys, but you did not say, “There is no hope!” You found renewal of your strength; therefore you did not grow weak. 11Whom have you dreaded and feared, so that you lied and failed to remember Me or take this to heart? Have I not held My peace such a long time, and still you do not fear Me? 12I will expose your righteousness and your works, and they will not profit you.…
Cross References
Psalm 50:21
You have done these things, and I kept silent; you thought I was just like you. But I Myself will rebuke you and accuse you to your face.

Psalm 78:36
But they deceived Him with their mouths, and lied to Him with their tongues.

Proverbs 29:25
The fear of man is a snare, but whoever trusts in the LORD will be set securely on high.

Isaiah 42:14
I have kept silent from ages past; I have kept quiet and restrained. But now I will groan like a woman in labor; I will at once gasp and pant.

Isaiah 44:20
He feeds on ashes. His deluded heart has led him astray, and he cannot deliver himself or say, "Is not this thing in my right hand a lie?"

Isaiah 47:7
You said, 'I will be queen forever.' You did not take these things to heart or consider their outcome.

Isaiah 51:12
I, even I, am He who comforts you. Who are you that you fear mortal man, or a son of man who withers like grass?

Isaiah 51:13
But you have forgotten the LORD, your Maker, who stretched out the heavens and laid the foundations of the earth. You live in terror all day long because of the fury of the oppressor, who is bent on destruction. But where is the fury of the oppressor?

Jeremiah 2:32
Does a maiden forget her jewelry or a bride her wedding sash? Yet My people have forgotten Me for days without number.

Jeremiah 3:21
A voice is heard on the barren heights, the children of Israel weeping and begging for mercy, because they have perverted their ways and forgotten the LORD their God.

Jeremiah 38:19
But King Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, "I am afraid of the Jews who have deserted to the Chaldeans, for the Chaldeans may hand me over to them to abuse me."

Jeremiah 41:18
to escape the Chaldeans. For they were afraid of the Chaldeans because Ishmael son of Nethaniah had struck down Gedaliah son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon had appointed over the land.

Treasury of Scripture

And of whom have you been afraid or feared, that you have lied, and have not remembered me, nor laid it to your heart? have not I held my peace even of old, and you fear me not?

of whom

Isaiah 51:12,13
I, even I, am he that comforteth you: who art thou, that thou shouldest be afraid of a man that shall die, and of the son of man which shall be made as grass; …

Proverbs 29:25
The fear of man bringeth a snare: but whoso putteth his trust in the LORD shall be safe.

Matthew 26:69-75
Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee…

that thou

Isaiah 30:9
That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the LORD:

Isaiah 59:3,4
For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath muttered perverseness…

Jeremiah 9:3-5
And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD…

and hast

Jeremiah 2:32
Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire? yet my people have forgotten me days without number.

Jeremiah 3:21
A voice was heard upon the high places, weeping and supplications of the children of Israel: for they have perverted their way, and they have forgotten the LORD their God.

nor

Isaiah 57:1
The righteous perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart: and merciful men are taken away, none considering that the righteous is taken away from the evil to come.

have not

Isaiah 26:10
Let favour be shewed to the wicked, yet will he not learn righteousness: in the land of uprightness will he deal unjustly, and will not behold the majesty of the LORD.

Psalm 50:21
These things hast thou done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes.

Ecclesiastes 8:11
Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.







Lexicon
Whom
מִ֞י (mî)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

have you dreaded
דָּאַ֤גְתְּ (dā·’aḡt)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1672: To be anxious or concerned, to fear

and feared,
וַתִּֽירְאִי֙ (wat·tî·rə·’î)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3372: To fear, to revere, caus, to frighten

so that
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

you lied
תְכַזֵּ֔בִי (ṯə·ḵaz·zê·ḇî)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3576: To lie, be a liar

and
וְאוֹתִי֙ (wə·’ō·w·ṯî)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

failed
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

to remember Me
זָכַ֔רְתְּ (zā·ḵart)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2142: To mark, to remember, to mention, to be male

or take this
שַׂ֖מְתְּ (śamt)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7760: Put -- to put, place, set

to
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

heart?
לִבֵּ֑ךְ (lib·bêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

Have I
אֲנִ֤י (’ă·nî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 589: I

not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

held My peace
מַחְשֶׁה֙ (maḥ·šeh)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2814: To be silent, inactive, or still

such a long time,
וּמֵ֣עֹלָ֔ם (ū·mê·‘ō·lām)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5769: Concealed, eternity, frequentatively, always

and still
וְאוֹתִ֖י (wə·’ō·w·ṯî)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

you
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

do not
הֲלֹ֨א (hă·lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

fear Me?
תִירָֽאִי׃ (ṯî·rā·’î)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3372: To fear, to revere, caus, to frighten
(11) And of whom hast thou been afraid . . .?--The question implies that Judah had been led by the fear of man to forsake the fear of Jehovah, and this had led her to what was, in the fullest sense of the word, the false step of an alliance with Assyria, which was an acted lie.

Have I not held my peace . . .?--The words suggest, half-pityingly, the cause of the people's little faith. From "of old," i.e., during the period that preceded the captivity, or perhaps in the dark time of Manasseh, Jehovah had been silent, and His long- suffering had been mistaken for apathy, and therefore the people had not feared Him.

Verse 11. - Of whom hast thou been afraid? Judah's abandonment of Jehovah and devotion to new deities was caused by fear - the fear of man, especially of Assyria. This induced them to seek for help in each new superstition that presented itself, and produced the enlarged syncretism which has been noticed in the comment on ver. 8. But how absurd to be driven by fear of man into offending God! That thou hast lied (see the last clause of ver. 4, with the comment). Have not I held my peace, etc.? i.e. "Is it not because I have for so long a time held my peace, that thou fearest me not?" God had for a long time suffered them to "go on still in their wickedness" - he had not interposed with any severe judgment; therefore they had ceased to fear him, and had feared men instead. 57:3-12 The Lord here calls apostates and hypocrites to appear before him. When reproved for their sins, and threatened with judgments, they ridiculed the word of God. The Jews were guilty of idolatry before the captivity; but not after that affliction. Their zeal in the worship of false gods, may shame our indifference in the worship of the true God. The service of sin is disgraceful slavery; those who thus debase themselves to hell, will justly have their portion there. Men incline to a religion that inflames their unholy passions. They are led to do any evil, however great or vile, if they think it will atone for crimes, or purchase indulgence for some favourite lust. This explains idolatry, whether pagan, Jewish, or antichristian. But those who set up anything instead of God, for their hope and confidence, never will come to a right end. Those who forsake the only right way, wander in a thousand by-paths. The pleasures of sin soon tire, but never satisfy. Those who care not for the word of God and his providences, show they have no fear of God. Sin profits not; it ruins and destroys.
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