English Standard Version
“When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist and the man does not die but takes to his bed,
King James Bible
And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:
American Standard Version
And if men contend, and one smite the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed;
If men quarrel, and the one strike his neighbour with a stone or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:
English Revised Version
And if men contend, and one smiteth the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keep his bed:
Webster's Bible Translation
And if men contend together, and one shall smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he shall not die, but keep his bed:
Exodus 21:18 Parallel
CommentaryKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
Still higher than personal liberty, however, is life itself, the right of existence and personality; and the infliction of injury upon this was not only prohibited, but to be followed by punishment corresponding to the crime. The principle of retribution, jus talionis, which is the only one that embodies the idea of justice, lies at the foundation of these threats.
A death-blow was to be punished with death (cf. Genesis 9:6; Leviticus 24:17). "He that smiteth a man and (so that) he die (whether on the spot or directly afterwards did not matter), he shall be put to death." This general rule is still further defined by a distinction being drawn between accidental and intentional killing. "But whoever has not lain in wait (for another's life), and God has caused it to come to his hand" (to kill the other); i.e., not only if he did not intend to kill him, but did not even cherish the intention of smiting him, or of doing him harm from hatred and enmity (Numbers 35:16-23; Deuteronomy 19:4-5), and therefore did so quite unawares, according to a dispensation of God, which is generally called an accident because it is above our comprehension. For such a man God would appoint places of refuge, where he should be protected against the avenger of blood. (On this point, see Numbers 35:9.).
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
another or his neighbour. a stone
"Whoever curses his father or his mother shall be put to death.
then if the man rises again and walks outdoors with his staff, he who struck him shall be clear; only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall have him thoroughly healed.
Jump to PreviousBed Blow Causing Confined Contend Death Die Dispute Fallen Fight Fist Gives Hand Hits Keepeth Keeps Neighbour Quarrel Shut Smite Smitten Stone Strikes Strive Together
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.