Job 31:21
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the orphan, Because I saw I had support in the gate,

King James Bible
If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

Darby Bible Translation
If I have lifted up my hand against an orphan, because I saw my help in the gate:

World English Bible
if I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, because I saw my help in the gate,

Young's Literal Translation
If I have waved at the fatherless my hand, When I see in him the gate of my court,

Job 31:21 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless - That is, if I have taken advantage of my rank, influence, and power, to oppress and injure him.

When I saw my help in the gate - The gate of a city was a place of concourse; a place where debates were held, and where justice was administered. Job speaks here of that part of his life when he was clothed with authority as a magistrate, or when he had power and influence as a public man. He says that he had never abused this power to oppress the fatherless. He had never taken advantage of his influence to injure them, because he saw he had a strong party under his control, or because he had power enough to carry his point, or because he had those under him who would sustain him in an oppressive measure. This is spoken with reference to the usually feeble and defenseless condition of the orphan, as one who is deprived of his natural protector and who is, therefore, liable to be wronged by those in power.

Job 31:21 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Whether virtue is in us by Nature?
Objection 1: It would seem that virtue is in us by nature. For Damascene says (De Fide Orth. iii, 14): "Virtues are natural to us and are equally in all of us." And Antony says in his sermon to the monks: "If the will contradicts nature it is perverse, if it follow nature it is virtuous." Moreover, a gloss on Mat. 4:23, "Jesus went about," etc., says: "He taught them natural virtues, i.e. chastity, justice, humility, which man possesses naturally." Objection 2: Further, the virtuous good consists
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether Confession is According to the Natural Law?
Objection 1: It would seem that confession is according to the natural law. For Adam and Cain were bound to none but the precepts of the natural law, and yet they are reproached for not confessing their sin. Therefore confession of sin is according to the natural law. Objection 2: Further, those precepts which are common to the Old and New Law are according to the natural law. But confession was prescribed in the Old Law, as may be gathered from Is. 43:26: "Tell, if thou hast anything to justify
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Job 29:7
"When I went out to the gate of the city, When I took my seat in the square,

Job 29:12
Because I delivered the poor who cried for help, And the orphan who had no helper.

Job 31:17
Or have eaten my morsel alone, And the orphan has not shared it

Job 31:20
If his loins have not thanked me, And if he has not been warmed with the fleece of my sheep,

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