Exodus 23:22
New International Version
If you listen carefully to what he says and do all that I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and will oppose those who oppose you.

New Living Translation
But if you are careful to obey him, following all my instructions, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and I will oppose those who oppose you.

English Standard Version
“But if you carefully obey his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

Berean Study Bible
But if you will listen carefully to his voice and do everything I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.

King James Bible
But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.

New King James Version
But if you indeed obey His voice and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

New American Standard Bible
But if you truly obey his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

NASB 1995
"But if you truly obey his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

NASB 1977
“But if you will truly obey his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

Amplified Bible
But if you will indeed listen to and truly obey His voice and do everything that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

Christian Standard Bible
But if you will carefully obey him and do everything I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But if you will carefully obey him and do everything I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.

American Standard Version
But if thou shalt indeed hearken unto his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
If ye will indeed hear my voice, and if thou wilt do all the things I shall charge thee with, and keep my covenant, ye shall be to me a peculiar people above all nations, for the whole earth is mine; and ye shall be to me a royal priesthood, and a holy nation: these words shall ye speak to the children of Israel, If ye shall indeed hear my voice, and do all the things I shall tell thee, I will be an enemy to thine enemies, and an adversary to thine adversaries.

Contemporary English Version
If you faithfully obey him, I will be a fierce enemy of your enemies.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if thou wilt hear his voice, and do all that I speak, I will be an enemy to thy enemies, and will afflict them that afflict thee.

English Revised Version
But if thou shalt indeed hearken unto his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.

Good News Translation
But if you obey him and do everything I command, I will fight against all your enemies.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But if you will listen to him and do everything I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an opponent to your opponents.

International Standard Version
Indeed, if you carefully obey him and do everything that I say, then I'll be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries,

JPS Tanakh 1917
But if thou shalt indeed hearken unto his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.

Literal Standard Version
for if you listen diligently to His voice, and have done all that which I speak, then I have been at enmity with your enemies, and have distressed those distressing you.

NET Bible
But if you diligently obey him and do all that I command, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and I will be an adversary to your adversaries.

New Heart English Bible
But if you indeed listen to his voice, and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and an adversary to your adversaries.

World English Bible
But if you indeed listen to his voice, and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and an adversary to your adversaries.

Young's Literal Translation
for, if thou diligently hearken to his voice, and hast done all that which I speak, then I have been at enmity with thine enemies, and have distressed those distressing thee.

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
God's Angel to Lead
21Pay attention to him and listen to his voice; do not defy him, for he will not forgive rebellion, since My Name is in him. 22But if you will listen carefully to his voice and do everything I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes. 23For My angel will go before you and bring you into the land of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivites, and Jebusites, and I will annihilate them.…

Cross References
2 Thessalonians 1:6
After all, it is only right for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you,

Genesis 12:3
I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you; and all the families of the earth will be blessed through you."

Numbers 24:9
He crouches, he lies down like a lion; like a lioness, who dares to rouse him? Blessed are those who bless you and cursed are those who curse you."

Deuteronomy 28:1
"Now if you faithfully obey the voice of the LORD your God and are careful to follow all His commandments I am giving you today, the LORD your God will set you high above all the nations of the earth.

Deuteronomy 30:7
Then the LORD your God will put all these curses upon your enemies who hate you and persecute you.


Treasury of Scripture

But if you shall indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and an adversary to your adversaries.

an enemy

Genesis 12:3
And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

Numbers 24:9
He couched, he lay down as a lion, and as a great lion: who shall stir him up? Blessed is he that blesseth thee, and cursed is he that curseth thee.

Deuteronomy 30:7
And the LORD thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, which persecuted thee.

an adversary unto thing adversaries.









(22) An adversary unto thine adversaries.--Rather, an afflictor of thy afflictors.

Verse 22. - If thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak. The change of persons in the latter clause - "all that I speak," instead of "all that he speaks" - implies the doctrine of the perienchoresis or circuminsessio, that God the Father is in the Son and the Spirit, as they are in him. An adversary to thy adversaries. Rather "an afflictor of thy afflictors."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
But
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

if
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

you will listen carefully
שָׁמֹ֤עַ (šā·mō·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

to his voice
בְּקֹל֔וֹ (bə·qō·lōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6963: A voice, sound

and do
וְעָשִׂ֕יתָ (wə·‘ā·śî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

everything
כֹּ֖ל (kōl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

I say,
אֲדַבֵּ֑ר (’ă·ḏab·bêr)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

I will be an enemy
אֹ֣יְבֶ֔יךָ (’ō·yə·ḇe·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 340: To be hostile to

to your enemies
וְאָֽיַבְתִּי֙ (wə·’ā·yaḇ·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

and a foe
וְצַרְתִּ֖י (wə·ṣar·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6696: To confine, bind, besiege

to your foes.
צֹרְרֶֽיךָ׃ (ṣō·rə·re·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6887: To bind, tie up, be restricted, narrow, scant, or cramped


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OT Law: Exodus 23:22 But if you indeed listen to his (Exo. Ex)
Exodus 23:21
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