Exodus 23:22
New International Version
If you listen carefully to what he says and do all that I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and will oppose those who oppose you.

New Living Translation
But if you are careful to obey him, following all my instructions, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and I will oppose those who oppose you.

English Standard Version
“But if you carefully obey his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

Berean Study Bible
But if you will listen carefully to his voice and do everything I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.

New American Standard Bible
"But if you truly obey his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

King James Bible
But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.

Christian Standard Bible
But if you will carefully obey him and do everything I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.

Contemporary English Version
If you faithfully obey him, I will be a fierce enemy of your enemies.

Good News Translation
But if you obey him and do everything I command, I will fight against all your enemies.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But if you will carefully obey him and do everything I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes.

International Standard Version
Indeed, if you carefully obey him and do everything that I say, then I'll be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries,

NET Bible
But if you diligently obey him and do all that I command, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and I will be an adversary to your adversaries.

New Heart English Bible
But if you indeed listen to his voice, and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and an adversary to your adversaries.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But if you will listen to him and do everything I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an opponent to your opponents.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But if thou shalt indeed hearken unto his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.

New American Standard 1977
“But if you will truly obey his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But if thou shalt indeed hear his voice and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies and an adversary unto those that afflict thee.

King James 2000 Bible
But if you shall indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto your enemies, and an adversary unto your adversaries.

American King James Version
But if you shall indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and an adversary to your adversaries.

American Standard Version
But if thou shalt indeed hearken unto his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
If ye will indeed hear my voice, and if thou wilt do all the things I shall charge thee with, and keep my covenant, ye shall be to me a peculiar people above all nations, for the whole earth is mine; and ye shall be to me a royal priesthood, and a holy nation: these words shall ye speak to the children of Israel, If ye shall indeed hear my voice, and do all the things I shall tell thee, I will be an enemy to thine enemies, and an adversary to thine adversaries.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if thou wilt hear his voice, and do all that I speak, I will be an enemy to thy enemies, and will afflict them that afflict thee.

Darby Bible Translation
But if thou shalt diligently hearken unto his voice, and do all that I shall say, then I will be an enemy to thine enemies, and an adversary to thine adversaries.

English Revised Version
But if thou shalt indeed hearken unto his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.

Webster's Bible Translation
But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy to thy enemies, and an adversary to thy adversaries.

World English Bible
But if you indeed listen to his voice, and do all that I speak, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and an adversary to your adversaries.

Young's Literal Translation
for, if thou diligently hearken to his voice, and hast done all that which I speak, then I have been at enmity with thine enemies, and have distressed those distressing thee.
Study Bible
God's Angel to Lead
21Pay attention to him and listen to his voice; do not defy him, for he will not forgive rebellion, since My Name is in him. 22But if you will listen carefully to his voice and do everything I say, I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes. 23For My angel will go before you and bring you into the land of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivites, and Jebusites, and I will annihilate them.…
Cross References
2 Thessalonians 1:6
After all, it is only right for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you,

Genesis 12:3
I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you; and all the families of the earth will be blessed through you."

Numbers 24:9
He crouches, he lies down like a lion; like a lioness, who dares to rouse him? Blessed are those who bless you and cursed are those who curse you.

Deuteronomy 28:1
Now if you faithfully obey the voice of the LORD your God and are careful to follow all His commandments I am giving you today, the LORD your God will set you high above all the nations of the earth.

Deuteronomy 30:7
Then the LORD your God will put all these curses upon your enemies who hate you and persecute you.

Treasury of Scripture

But if you shall indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and an adversary to your adversaries.

an enemy

Genesis 12:3
And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

Numbers 24:9
He couched, he lay down as a lion, and as a great lion: who shall stir him up? Blessed is he that blesseth thee, and cursed is he that curseth thee.

Deuteronomy 30:7
And the LORD thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, which persecuted thee.

an adversary unto thing adversaries.







Lexicon
But
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

if
אִם־ (’im-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

you will listen carefully
שָׁמֹ֤עַ (šā·mō·a‘)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 8085: To hear intelligently

to his voice
בְּקֹל֔וֹ (bə·qō·lōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6963: A voice, sound

and do
וְעָשִׂ֕יתָ (wə·‘ā·śî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

everything
כֹּ֖ל (kōl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

I say,
אֲדַבֵּ֑ר (’ă·ḏab·bêr)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

I will be an enemy
אֹ֣יְבֶ֔יךָ (’ō·yə·ḇe·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 340: To be hostile to

to your enemies
וְאָֽיַבְתִּי֙ (wə·’ā·yaḇ·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 341: Hating, an adversary

and a foe
וְצַרְתִּ֖י (wə·ṣar·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6696: To confine, bind, besiege

to your foes.
צֹרְרֶֽיךָ׃ (ṣō·rə·re·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6887: To bind, tie up, be restricted, narrow, scant, or cramped
(22) An adversary unto thine adversaries.--Rather, an afflictor of thy afflictors.

Verse 22. - If thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak. The change of persons in the latter clause - "all that I speak," instead of "all that he speaks" - implies the doctrine of the perienchoresis or circuminsessio, that God the Father is in the Son and the Spirit, as they are in him. An adversary to thy adversaries. Rather "an afflictor of thy afflictors." 23:20-33 It is here promised that they should be guided and kept in their way through the wilderness to the land of promise, Behold, I send an angel before thee, mine angel. The precept joined with this promise is, that they be obedient to this angel whom God would send before them. Christ is the Angel of Jehovah; this is plainly taught by St. Paul, 1Co 10:9. They should have a comfortable settlement in the land of Canaan. How reasonable are the conditions of this promise; that they should serve the only true God; not the gods of the nations, which are no gods at all. How rich are the particulars of this promise! The comfort of their food, the continuance of their health, the increase of their wealth, the prolonging their lives to old age. Thus hath godliness the promise of the life that now is. It is promised that they should subdue their enemies. Hosts of hornets made way for the hosts of Israel; such mean creatures can God use for chastising his people's enemies. In real kindness to the church, its enemies are subdued by little and little; thus we are kept on our guard, and in continual dependence on God. Corruptions are driven out of the hearts of God's people, not all at once, but by little and little. The precept with this promise is, that they should not make friendship with idolaters. Those that would keep from bad courses, must keep from bad company. It is dangerous to live in a bad neighbourhood; others' sins will be our snares. Our greatest danger is from those who would make us sin against God.
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