Deuteronomy 4:42
New International Version
to which anyone who had killed a person could flee if they had unintentionally killed a neighbor without malice aforethought. They could flee into one of these cities and save their life.

New Living Translation
Anyone who killed another person unintentionally, without previous hostility, could flee there to live in safety.

English Standard Version
that the manslayer might flee there, anyone who kills his neighbor unintentionally, without being at enmity with him in time past; he may flee to one of these cities and save his life:

Berean Study Bible
to which a manslayer could flee after killing his neighbor unintentionally without prior malice. To save his own life, he could flee to one of these cities:

New American Standard Bible
that a manslayer might flee there, who unintentionally slew his neighbor without having enmity toward him in time past; and by fleeing to one of these cities he might live:

New King James Version
that the manslayer might flee there, who kills his neighbor unintentionally, without having hated him in time past, and that by fleeing to one of these cities he might live:

King James Bible
That the slayer might flee thither, which should kill his neighbour unawares, and hated him not in times past; and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live:

Christian Standard Bible
Someone could flee there who committed manslaughter, killing his neighbor accidentally without previously hating him. He could flee to one of these cities and stay alive:

Good News Translation
to which a man could escape and be safe if he had accidentally killed someone who had not been his enemy. He could escape to one of these cities and not be put to death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Someone could flee there who committed manslaughter, killing his neighbor accidentally without previously hating him. He could flee to one of these cities and stay alive:

International Standard Version
where a person who accidentally killed someone could flee, if he killed his neighbor without having enmity toward him in the past. He may flee to one of these cities and live:

NET Bible
Anyone who accidentally killed someone without hating him at the time of the accident could flee to one of those cities and be safe.

New Heart English Bible
that the manslayer might flee there, who kills his neighbor unawares, and did not hate him in time past; and that fleeing to one of these cities he might live:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Those who unintentionally killed someone whom they had never hated could flee to one of these cities and save their lives.

JPS Tanakh 1917
that the manslayer might flee thither, that slayeth his neighbour unawares, and hated him not in time past; and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live:

New American Standard 1977
that a manslayer might flee there, who unintentionally slew his neighbor without having enmity toward him in time past; and by fleeing to one of these cities he might live:

Jubilee Bible 2000
that the manslayer might flee there, who should kill his neighbour unawares and hated him not in times past and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live:

King James 2000 Bible
That the slayer might flee there, who should kill his neighbor unintentionally, and hated him not in times past; and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live:

American King James Version
That the slayer might flee thither, which should kill his neighbor unawares, and hated him not in times past; and that fleeing to one of these cities he might live:

American Standard Version
that the manslayer might flee thither, that slayeth his neighbor unawares, and hated him not in time past; and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
that the slayer might flee thither, who should have slain his neighbour unintentionally, and should not have hated him in times past, and he shall flee to one of these cities and live:

Douay-Rheims Bible
That any one might flee to them who should kill his neighbour unwillingly, and was not his enemy a day or two before, and that he might escape to some one of these cities:

Darby Bible Translation
that the manslayer might flee thither, who should kill his neighbour unawares, and hated him not previously, that fleeing to one of these cities, he might live:

English Revised Version
that the manslayer might flee thither, which slayeth his neighbour unawares, and hated him not in time past; and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live:

Webster's Bible Translation
That the slayer might flee thither, who should kill his neighbor unawares, and when he had not hated him in times past; and that fleeing to one of these cities he might live:

World English Bible
that the manslayer might flee there, who kills his neighbor unawares, and didn't hate him in time past; and that fleeing to one of these cities he might live:

Young's Literal Translation
for the fleeing thither of the man-slayer, who slayeth his neighbour unknowingly, and he is not hating him heretofore, and he hath fled unto one of these cities, and he hath lived:
Study Bible
Cities of Refuge
41Then Moses set aside three cities across the Jordan to the east 42to which a manslayer could flee after killing his neighbor unintentionally without prior malice. To save his own life, he could flee to one of these cities: 43Bezer in the wilderness on the plateau belonging to the Reubenites, Ramoth in Gilead belonging to the Gadites, or Golan in Bashan belonging to the Manassites.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:41
Then Moses set aside three cities across the Jordan to the east

Deuteronomy 4:43
Bezer in the wilderness on the plateau belonging to the Reubenites, Ramoth in Gilead belonging to the Gadites, or Golan in Bashan belonging to the Manassites.

Treasury of Scripture

That the slayer might flee thither, which should kill his neighbor unawares, and hated him not in times past; and that fleeing to one of these cities he might live:

Deuteronomy 19:1-10
When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses; …

Numbers 35:6,11,12,15-28
And among the cities which ye shall give unto the Levites there shall be six cities for refuge, which ye shall appoint for the manslayer, that he may flee thither: and to them ye shall add forty and two cities…

Hebrews 6:18
That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:







Lexicon
to which
שָׁ֜מָּה (šām·māh)
Adverb | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8033: There, then, thither

a manslayer
רוֹצֵ֗חַ (rō·w·ṣê·aḥ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7523: To dash in pieces, kill, to murder

could flee
לָנֻ֨ס (lā·nus)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5127: To flit, vanish away

after killing
יִרְצַ֤ח (yir·ṣaḥ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7523: To dash in pieces, kill, to murder

his neighbor
רֵעֵ֙הוּ֙ (rê·‘ê·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

unintentionally
בִּבְלִי־ (biḇ·lî-)
Preposition-b | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 1097: Failure, nothing, destruction, without, not yet, because not, as long as

without
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

prior
מִן־ (min-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

malice.
שֹׂנֵ֥א (śō·nê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8130: To hate

To save his own life,
וָחָֽי׃ (wā·ḥāy)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2425: To live, to revive

he could flee
וְנָ֗ס (wə·nās)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5127: To flit, vanish away

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

one
אַחַ֛ת (’a·ḥaṯ)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 259: United, one, first

of these
הָאֵ֖ל (hā·’êl)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 411: These, those

cities:
הֶעָרִ֥ים (he·‘ā·rîm)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement
Verse 42. - Unawares; literally, in lack or want of knowing (בְּבְלִי־דַעָת), i.e. unconsciously, unintentionally; in Numbers 35:31, 15, another word (בִּשְׁגָגָה, by mistake) is used, rendered in the Authorized Version by "unwittingly;" in Joshua 20:3, both words are used. In times past; literally, yesterday, three days since, i.e. formerly, heretofore (cf. Genesis 31:2; Exodus 5:8). 4:41-49 Here is the introduction to another discourse, or sermon, Moses preached to Israel, which we have in the following chapters. He sets the law before them, as the rule they were to work by, the way they were to walk in. He sets it before them, as the glass in which they were to see their natural face, that, looking into this perfect law of liberty, they might continue therein. These are the laws, given when Israel was newly come out of Egypt; and they were now repeated. Moses gave these laws in charge, while they encamped over against Beth-peor, an idol place of the Moabites. Their present triumphs were a powerful argument for obedience. And we should understand our own situation as sinners, and the nature of that gracious covenant to which we are invited. Therein greater things are shown to us than ever Israel saw from mount Sinai; greater mercies are given to us than they experienced in the wilderness, or in Canaan. One speaks to us, who is of infinitely greater dignity than Moses; who bare our sins upon the cross; and pleads with us by His dying love.
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Causing Cities Death Enmity Error Hate Hated Hating Heretofore Kept Kill Killed Kills Live Malice Manslayer Man-Slayer Neighbor Neighbour Past Previously Save Slayer Slayeth Slew Thither Time Times Towns Unawares Unintentionally Unknowingly
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Alphabetical: a aforethought and anyone by cities could enmity flee fleeing had having he him his if in into killed life live malice manslayer might neighbor of one past person save slew that there these time to toward unintentionally which who without

OT Law: Deuteronomy 4:42 That the manslayer might flee there who (Deut. De Du) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Deuteronomy 4:41
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